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Some Observations On Internet Addiction Disorder Research

Internet addiction disorder research paper

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Some Observations On Internet Addiction Disorder Research

4.8.00.01: BMC PATROL Knowledge Module for internet addiction disorder paper Microsoft Windows Operating System. The BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows 4.8.00.01 patch corrects issues reported in earlier versions of BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows. This patch modifies the behaviour of Windows Services KM as follows: All Trigger Start services will be configured to monitor without generating an alert. Hence, if the Automatic (Trigger Start) service is not running, an alarm or warning will not be generated. Also, the service will not be restarted by the KM. You can change the maths number, monitor without alert configuration of the Automatic (Trigger Start) service to internet addiction disorder, monitor with alert by using the Configure Service KM command. If AutoResetServiceConfig pconfig variable is set to 1 then a ny change in the trigger information will reset the service configuration depending on the new Trigger information. Confidentiality? When you configure Services monitoring by using CMA policy, all the services including the Trigger Start services will have the configuration as defined in the policy configuration. In remote monitoring, Automatic (Trigger Start) services will have the same configuration as that of the Automatic services. Hence, if the internet addiction disorder research paper, Automatic (Trigger Start) service is not running, an alarm will be generated. This patch will reset configuration of existing Automatic (Trigger Start) services to maths coursework number, monitor without generating an alert.

This topic provides instructions for downloading and addiction research paper, installing the patch. Downloading the patch and installation utility. This section provides the information that you need to download and install the patch from the BMC Electronic Product Distribution (EPD) website. Both Sides Of Capital Punishment? To download the patch and installation utility from the EPD website, perform the following steps: Create a directory in which to place the downloaded files. On Windows computers, ensure that the directory is only one level into the directory structure.

The EPD package creates a directory in the temporary directory when you extract the files, and internet addiction paper, the directory that contains the installation image should not be in a directory deeper than two levels into the directory structure. In the Filter Products: field, type BMC PATROL Installation Utility . Click Go . In the right pane, click BMC PATROL Installation Utility . You can use BMC PATROL Installation Utility 9.5.00 or later. In the Products tab, based on story, the operating system, select the check box next to the files. BMC PATROL Installation Utility Version 9.6.00 - Windows Only. This method requires a one-time installation of the Akamai NetSession client program on the target computer and is usually the faster and more reliable way to transfer files. A checksum operation is used to verify file integrity automatically. Click Back to Product List . In the Filter Products: field, type BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows . Click Go . In the right pane, click BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows . Internet Research? In the Version: list, select 4.8.00 and click Go . In the Patches tab, select the check box next to the file. This method requires a one-time installation of the Akamai NetSession client program on the target computer and is usually the faster and more reliable way to transfer files. A checksum operation is used to verify file integrity automatically. Complete the installation procedure described in confidentiality essays the Installing the patch section.

Click Go To Licensed Products View . Locate BMC Performance Manager for Servers and expand its entries to show the available version numbers. Expand BMC Performance Manager for Servers 3.5.00 to research paper, show the both punishment, available components. Expand BMC PATROL Installation Utility 9.6.01 to show the available files. You can use BMC PATROL Installation Utility 9.5.00 or later. Select the internet paper, check box next to the files, based on the appropriate platforms.

This method requires a one-time installation of the Akamai NetSession client program on the target computer and is usually the faster and more reliable way to transfer files. A checksum operation is used to verify file integrity automatically. Click Product Patches tab. In the Product Patches tab, expand BMC Performance Manager for Servers and expand its entries to short story endings, show the available version numbers. Expand BMC Performance Manager for Servers 3.5.00 to show the addiction disorder, available components. Expand the BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows 4.8.00 component to show the available files. Select the check box next to the patches. This method requires a one-time installation of the Akamai NetSession client program on the target computer and is usually the faster and more reliable way to transfer files. A checksum operation is both, used to verify file integrity automatically. Complete the installation procedure described in addiction disorder the Installing the patch section. Maths Coursework? Before you install the patch, you must have previously installed BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows 4.8.00.

The patch does not contain all of the internet disorder research paper, files that are required for a complete product release. You must install the patch on the following computers: Hosts that are running the PATROL Agent Hosts that are running the PATROL Console. Before you install the patch, complete the following steps: Stop the PATROL Agent. Back up the PATROL_CACHE directory. Delete all BMC PATROL for UNIX and Linux files from the PATROL_CACHE directory. Back up the spanish essay, PATROL_HOME/lib/knowledge and internet, PATROL_HOME/lib/psl directories. To install the maintaining confidentiality, BMC PATROL for Microsoft Windows 4.8.00.01 patch. Internet Disorder Paper? After you have downloaded the installation utility and spanish, patch files, perform the following steps to install the patch: Extract the installation utility: From the bmc_products directory, run the installation utility as appropriate for your operating system: For Windows, double-click setup.exe.

Follow the on-screen instructions until the Select Products and internet addiction disorder research, Components to Install page is displayed. On the maths coursework number, Select Products and addiction disorder research paper, Components to Install page, select PATROL Knowledge Module for Microsoft Windows Operating System - Patch 4.8.00.01 . Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the maintaining confidentiality, installation. After you complete the installation steps, you can delete the temporary directory and its contents.

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Internet Addiction: A Brief Summary of Research and Practice

Guide to undergraduate dissertations in the social sciences. - qualitative or quantitative? Can my dissertation be entirely. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of research you might undertake for your dissertation. The use of internet addiction disorder research paper literature and case studies is considered and the merits of primary research are debated and advice is both of capital essays given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and similarly, the internet disorder research idea of qualitative analysis and both sides of capital essays, conducting your own research may yield valuable data. The possibilities of disorder using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? This video clip contains comments from the following academics: Dr Iain Garner - Psychology Alan McGauley - Social Policy Shawna McCoy - Criminology Kevin Bonnett - Sociology. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?

Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected. Story? 'Approach' means something more than the type of data you use it refers to your overall orientation to internet research, research and the type of short happy essays claims you will make for research paper, your study. Short Story Happy Essays? Dissertations can be based on disorder paper either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to be able to maths coursework, justify why you have chosen to use such data. Quantitative data is addiction disorder research paper particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for essay eu law, a particular age group. Internet Paper? Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to or contrast essay nasıl, find out internet research paper, why people engage in such behaviour.

Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Gangster? Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and internet addiction research paper, methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied. Quantitative dissertations are likely to spanish, be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for research, the dissertation (e.g. if the length is to be 5,000-8,000 words, dissertations based on quantitative analysis are likely to be closer to 5,000 words in spanish length). They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged.

What if I want to record people's views on an issue, and paper, give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to sides punishment essays, use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic. Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range (e.g. Paper? 8,000 words). The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist). Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection (if needed) and spanish gangster essay, analysis. The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question.

Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods? There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is internet disorder paper primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. However you also want to maintaining confidentiality, introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events.

After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. Disorder Research? You may be interested in doing an essay eu law evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will have a particular focus a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods i.e. collect data in several different ways, and some of these data may be quantitative. You will analyse each type of internet disorder paper data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of maintaining confidentiality essays what is going on. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of these or other ways to addiction research paper, combine methods. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based? Yes. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is maths number almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based. This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: selection and discussion of theoretical material and descriptive material, in context, and detailed comparison of theories in terms of their applicability.

You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for understanding particular patterns of behaviour. How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible? How useful is internet paper subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the spanish gangster social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the internet disorder paper value of maintaining confidentiality essays key concepts or theories in understanding that world. How the study is approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly. A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily 'easier' than an empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to have their research design spelled out internet addiction paper, from the start. But even if your dissertation is more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. You might choose to conduct a review of a field of work. Maintaining Confidentiality Essays? What does the research literature in internet addiction disorder this field tell us about or contrast essay, x? While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is possible to produce a dissertation that is internet disorder paper entirely based on a review of the literature.

If you do this, it is important to maintaining, review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. You might, for example, explore empirical debates in internet disorder paper your chosen field across different countries or time periods. Whilst it is possible for compare or contrast essay yazılır, dissertations to be entirely literature-based, the most common form of dissertation takes the form of a case study. Here the paper focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents. The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from confidentiality essays, empirical curiosity but is at internet disorder research the same time practical. You may be interested in a wider question but a case study enables you to focus on a specific example. A major challenge in essay eu law case study dissertations is connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the broader theoretical themes and empirical concerns of the existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research. In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is already available.

The reason for this is that the questions dissertations usually address take the following form: Is x happening? Is x changing? Why is x happening? Why is x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data. Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: a student's view. Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. It allows the researcher to explore areas of interest without having to go through the research paper process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of essays time (which is relatively scarce in internet research paper your final year!) and possibly your own financial resources too. You may choose, therefore, to undertake secondary research, analysing existing data. Where do I find existing research data?

There are a range of documents that already contain research data that you can analyse. You may, for example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in the media are changing. This might entail content analysis of newspapers, magazines, video or other media over different time periods. Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents. If you are interested, for maths, example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives. Government reports and autobiographies may also be used as data. Other documents include official statistics, datasets (statistical data), and addiction disorder paper, banks of interview transcripts which are all freely available to the academic community. Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online.

Research Methods tutors on essay eu law your course will be able to advise on internet disorder the availability and accessibility of such data sets. There are some advantages of doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself. This has the essay eu law following advantages: They allow you to addiction disorder, discuss trends and social changes. Confidentiality Essays? The data are often collected through a random sample, which allows you to generalise to addiction disorder research paper, the population under consideration. They may also allow you to make comparisons over time, as some datasets are products of longitudinal studies. Examples of large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and the Youth Cohort Study. Smaller, more targeted datasets may also be available.

Secondary analysis has disadvantages also: the data were collected for a purpose different from yours. You have to essay eu law, find out something about that purpose, as well as the methods of collection, in internet paper order to justify your use of a secondary dataset. Collecting you own data - primary research. Quantitative data may also result from non-participant observations or other measurements (e.g. in maintaining confidentiality an experimental design). Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes (participant observation, interviews) are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and their definitions:

A series of questions that the internet disorder respondent answers on their own. Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for gaining a general overview of an issue. Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and coursework number, not be too long. Similar to internet addiction, a self-completion questionnaire, except that the questions that are asked by an interviewer to maintaining confidentiality, the interviewee. The same questions are read out in the same way to all respondents. There will typically be a fixed choice of answers for the respondents. Watching people and recording systematically their behaviour. Prior to the observation, an observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the researcher should look for and how those observations should be recorded. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to wish to research, use at least some original material.

This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of these. Below are some data collection methods that you might want to use for your dissertation: A way of asking questions which allows the happy endings interviewee to have more control of the interview. The interview could be semi-structured, which uses an interview schedule to keep some control of the interview, but also allows for some flexibility in terms of the disorder research interviewees responses. The interview could be unstructured, here the aim is to explore the interviewees feelings about the issue being explored and the style of questioning is very informal. Or the interview could be a life history where the compare or contrast essay yazılır interviewer tries to find out internet disorder research, about the whole life, or a portion of the persons life. A form of interviewing where there are several participants; there is an maths coursework emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning. The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion.

This involves studying people in naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in internet addiction the setting and collects data in a systematic manner. The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to conversations, and ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about research - they will give you an overview of the maintaining essays data collection methods available and help you to make the best choice for your project. Bryman (2004) would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based (quantitative or qualitative) or library based, its methods must be justified. You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these.

STUDENT VOICE: Findings from our research. Your supervisor will want you to offer convincing reasons as to why youve chosen the approach you have - so be ready! If youre having difficulty making that choice, dont be afraid to ask your supervisor for their advice. This was particularly useful for disorder research paper, one of story essays our respondents: Note: Research must be conducted in a sensible and ethical manner; data must be analysed and presented in a rational manner.

It is important that students do not expose themselves or others to dangers or risks when conducting research. Students need the addiction paper approval of their dissertation supervisor before embarking on both essays any type of internet disorder paper fieldwork (see the happy essays section on Research Ethics for more information). Will my research be inductive or deductive? In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is theory-generating. Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work.

These links are not hard and disorder research, fast for instance, experimental research, designed to test a particular theory through developing a hypothesis and creating an experimental design, may use quantitative or qualitative data or a combination. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by hypotheses that you are testing (e.g. that social class background and social deprivation or privilege are likely to affect educational attainment), it is, broadly speaking, deductive. However much research combines deductive and inductive elements. What's all this about research design? Research design is vital to conducting a good piece of work.

At the start of your research you need to set down clearly: Your research focus and research question . How you propose to examine the topic: approach methods of data collection methods of gangster data analysis The types and sources of information you need. How you will access these sources of internet disorder information (be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records). The proposed outcome of this research (in your case, a dissertation) and the form it will take. A time-frame for maintaining confidentiality essays, all this.

You and internet research paper, your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the research is 'do-able'. Spanish? Your university may require you to produce a report (e.g. an 'interim framework report' or a short 'research proposal') that specifies your research design. Other people may have to look at the design to ascertain whether there are ethical issues that affect your research. Quantitative or qualitative? A quantitative approach will mean you will need substantial datasets, as well as the inclusion of internet addiction research paper tables and statistics in your final submission. This information could come from a variety of sources - remember to acknowledge them! A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. Nasıl Yazılır? Ask yourself if you are prepared to do this, and think about the best way of getting the answers you want from internet addiction disorder, people. Will you stop people in the street?

Will you conduct telephone interviews? Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Will you be a participant or non participant observer? Deductive or inductive? Deductive research is theory-testing, which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis. Inductive research is theory-generating, and is often linked to qualitative interviews. Empirical or theoretical?

An empirical study could involve close analysis of statistics or some form of confidentiality essays qualitative research. However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and addiction, you may be called upon to essay nasıl yazılır, compare theories in terms of their applicability. Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out a research design, i.e. how you are going to approach the internet disorder research paper project. Now look a little at the research methods that you have studied. Apart from matching your research to your general sense of short story happy essays objective/subjective reality, it is important to paper, ensure that you match your methodology to the problem you are pursuing. Essays? What kind of data do you need to internet addiction research, answer your question/test your hypothesis? How would you best be able to collect that data?

Again, consider time and feasibility of the spanish essay exercise. The ability to manage your time will be directly related to addiction disorder, your ability to control the boundaries of the study especially if it is closely linked to your workplace. Now that you have got so far, try to write up your research proposal as far as you can. Of Capital? Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. It may be helpful to internet addiction, draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to essay eu law, take and in what sequence. You will find it helpful to plot your research questions on internet addiction disorder paper the chart on the next page and ensure that your plans for collecting data really answer the question as well as avoiding ethical problems.

At this stage you must be really ruthless with yourself. How viable is it? What are the threats to the study? Try some 'what if?' questions on maintaining confidentiality essays yourself. It will be better to internet, go back to the drawing board now, than once the project is underway. IMPORTANT : Whatever approach you settle on, you MUST be able to justify its appropriateness to your topic and question. Does the data required to essay eu law, answer your question already exist or will you have to internet, generate your own data? Can you combine quantitative with qualitative methods? e.g. Spanish? a survey which includes interviews or a case study that looks at a situation from numerous angles.

What factors may limit the scope of your research? (time, resources, etc.) Which method(s) best suit the questions and time you have available to do this study? Do you know the addiction disorder research paper differences between types of data, and types of analysis? Does your project have clear links between theory and maintaining essays, practice? BRYMAN, A. (2004). Social Research Method . 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press. CRESWELL, J. (2002). Internet Disorder Research Paper? Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches . 2nd ed., London, Sage. SEALE, C.(2006). Researching society and culture . London, Sage. Here are some references for essay nasıl yazılır, specific methods: ARKSEY, H and internet, KNIGHT, P. (1999).

Interviewing for social scientists: an essay eu law introductory resource . London, Sage. DALE, A.; ARBER, S.; AND PROCTOR, M.(1998). Internet Addiction Disorder Research? Doing Secondary Analysis . Happy Essays? London, Allen and Unwin. HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. (1995). Ethnography: Principles in Practice . London, Routledge.

OPPENHEIM, A. N. (1992). Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and internet addiction disorder research, Attitude Measurement . London, Pinter. Identifying a research topic: A template for structured observation: A site devoted to survey design: A chapter on structured interviewing: A chapter on qualitative interviewing: An introduction to coursework number, ethnographic research: Materials for focus group interviews: 1. Professor Chris Winch, Dr Malcolm Todd, Ian Baker, Dr Jenny Blain, Dr Karen Smith.

This resource has been developed in partnership by the Higher Education Academy and internet, Sheffield Hallam University.

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about courage essay WHAT IS COURAGE? Do you remember the last time when you showed courage? Courage is often a measure of our self-esteem and will. Courage is what makes us individuals different from others. It shows in what we believe and the power of belief over our will.

It is always the difficult path. Internet! It could be an unconscious act of boldness, but before all it is the conscious decision of a person to act despite the danger. Thus, courage is always related to belief, will, and danger. There is no courage whitout risk. There is no heroism without stakes.

We cannot speak about courage without thinking about losses and victories. Courage differs from imprudence or madness by its results. The courageous act saves lives, gives hope, it is a rare act of essay eu law, self-scrifice for the good of others. The criminal who steals, or lies for personal gain, or kills, who causes unhappiness to others with his reckless actions, is not a courageous person. William Ian Miller, a professor at addiction paper, the University of Michigan Law School and or contrast nasıl, specialist of Icelandic sagas, medieval history, emotions, vices, and virtues, published recently The Mystery of Courage (Harvard University Press). In Danger, Death, and. Dieting? , an article that appeared in The In Character magazine, Miller makes a short resume of his book. Courage was a great subject for the ancient Greeks, writes Miller. Internet Addiction Disorder Research Paper! Athenians were proud that their courage is natural and voluntary in contrast with those of number, their enemies, the addiction disorder, Spartans, who according to Pericles, were forced to be courageous through extensive training and painful discipline. Spartans, on spanish the other hand, were prone to give a prize to the most courageous and prident of their warriors.

Courage lacking prudence was less esteemed among the Spartans. Evidence for this was Aristodemus, one of their warriors, who didn't receive the prize because of his rashly heroism in the battle of Plataea (479 BC). Miller says that courage was also politics for the ancient Greeks; there were standards of internet addiction research paper, courage, for citizens and for spanish warriors, that measured their level of heroism. Courage was so important for the Greeks that national self-esteem depended on it. Courage is still used for political inspiration. Politicians and leaders all over the world call for courage; nations and groups pride themselves with the courage they show. People still care intensely about courage- says Miller - and internet disorder research paper, we're still trying to stack the maintaining essays, deck in our own favor. Determining who has courage, what actions count, who gets the prize, is disputed now no less than in the Iliad. In our day we hear people praised for their courage for sticking to a diet, for giving up smoking, even for investing in a Silicon Valley start-up.

Courage is often discussed among the philosophers. Addiction Disorder Research Paper! Plato, for spanish example, explained that courage is not only an act of resistence aginst fear and pain, it is also the disorder research paper, ability to control your desires. For Plato, the Stoics, and the early Christians, courage was closely related to self-control. Describing the courageous Socrates in his Dialogues , Plato showed that the true philosopher is a courageous person. Confidentiality Essays! Socrates demonstrated that man should respect the law and should be ready to give his life for disorder the truth. (Miller however says that some of the braver people he has met do not happen to be in humanities departments or law schools.) Miller argues that the stricter view of courage gets its classical formulation from Aristotle, who makes courage a matter of number, risking life and limb in war for the polis. The martial view is easily the internet addiction, dominant view, informing heroic literature and songs of maintaining essays, triumph from internet disorder paper, Ur to Ugarit, to Judea and Nineveh, to or contrast nasıl yazılır the Germanic North. Indeed, it is pretty nearly a universal view of courage. Miller finds two basic conceptions on courage: the courage as offence and the courage as defense. The courage of offense was and remained the preserve of men and, by widespread ideology across a multitude of cultures, upper-class men. The courage of defense, though by obvious necessity and by definition, was no less at home on the battlefield than the courage of offense. Addiction Disorder Paper! Consider that a good portion of ancient and medieval warfare was siege warfare.

More than anything it involved the ability to endure long, drawn-out suffering, pain, and hunger, and the constant importuning visions of eating your children, or being eaten by them. Perhaps from the courage of defense comes the idolization of martyrdom. The courage of defense, martyr-like fortitude, began to dominate on spanish the battlefield, says Miller and gives us the internet paper, examples of mechanized war, the trenches, the mud, cold, filth, and death that the soldiers had to endure. There are many theories and maintaining confidentiality essays, tales about the courage, but as Abner Small, a Civil War veteran, wrote (cited by Miller): men were heroes or cowards in spite of themselves. Miller finishes his essay discussing moral courage. Moral courage, he writes, is a rather recent development; the term does not appear in English until the nineteenth century. It took a largely pacified society for people to think to distinguish stand-up-in-meeting kind of courage - the courage of risking ridicule, humiliation, loss of employment, or social ostracism for speaking out against injustice, or of defying immoral or illegal orders from a superior - from addiction, plain old courage.

The thing that distinguishes moral courage from all other forms of courage, and spanish essay, this seems the most interesting point of Miller's ideas on the subject, is that it is usually a lonely courage . To fight injustice or overcome difficulties alone, without the support of heroic tales and examples, of sermons, public opinion and addiction disorder research, friends, needs a courage that only a few are capable of.

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cisco resume command The Cisco IOS command-line interface (CLI) is the primary user interface used for configuring, monitoring, and maintaining Cisco devices. This user interface allows you to directly and simply execute Cisco IOS commands, whether using a router console or terminal, or using remote access methods. This chapter describes the basic features of the Cisco IOS CLI and internet disorder research how to use them. Topics covered include an introduction to Cisco IOS command modes, navigation and editing features, help features, and command history features. Additional user interfaces include Setup mode (used for first-time startup), the Cisco Web Browser, and user menus configured by essay, a system administrator.

For information about Setup mode, see the Using AutoInstall and Setup chapter of this book. For information on issuing commands using the Cisco Web Browser, see the Using the Cisco Web Browser User Interface chapter of internet addiction disorder this book. For information on user menus, see the or contrast yazılır Managing Connections, Menus, and System Banners chapter of this book. For a complete description of the user interface commands in this chapter, refer to the Basic Command-Line Interface Commands chapter of the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference . To locate documentation of other commands that appear in this chapter, use the Cisco IOS Command Reference Master Index or search online. This chapter contains the following sections: Cisco IOS CLI Command Modes Overview. To aid in internet disorder, the configuration of both of capital punishment essays Cisco devices, the Cisco IOS command-line interface is addiction research paper, divided into different command modes. Each command mode has its own set of commands available for essay eu law, the configuration, maintenance, and monitoring of internet addiction research paper router and network operations. The commands available to compare essay you at any given time depend on the mode you are in. Addiction Disorder Research? Entering a question mark ( ? ) at maths coursework number the system prompt (router prompt) allows you to obtain a list of disorder research paper commands available for each command mode.

The use of specific commands allows you to navigate from one command mode to another. The standard order that a user would access the modes is as follows: user EXEC mode; privileged EXEC mode; global configuration mode; specific configuration modes; configuration submodes; and essay eu law configuration subsubmodes. When you start a session on a router, you generally begin in user EXEC mode , which is internet disorder, one of two access levels of the EXEC mode. For security purposes, only a limited subset of EXEC commands are available in user EXEC mode. This level of access is reserved for tasks that do not change the configuration of the router, such as determining the router status. In order to have access to all commands, you must enter privileged EXEC mode , which is the second level of access for the EXEC mode. Normally, you must enter a password to enter privileged EXEC mode. In privileged EXEC mode, you can enter any EXEC command, as the privileged EXEC mode is a superset of the user EXEC mode commands. Most EXEC mode commands are one-time commands, such as show or more commands, which show the current configuration status, and clear commands, which clear counters or interfaces. EXEC mode commands are not saved across reboots of the router.

From privileged EXEC mode, you can enter global configuration mode . In this mode, you can enter commands that configure general system characteristics. You also can use global configuration mode to enter specific configuration modes. Story Endings Essays? Configuration modes, including global configuration mode, allow you to make changes to research the running configuration. If you later save the configuration, these commands are stored across router reboots. From global configuration mode you can enter a variety of protocol-specific or feature-specific configuration modes. The CLI hierarchy requires that you enter these specific configuration modes only through global configuration mode.

As an example, this chapter describes interface configuration mode , a commonly used configuration mode. From configuration modes, you can enter configuration submodes. Configuration submodes are used for the configuration of specific features within the scope of a given configuration mode. As an both essays example, this chapter describes the subinterface configuration mode , a submode of the interface configuration mode. ROM monitor mode is a separate mode used when the router cannot boot properly. If your system (router, switch, or access server) does not find a valid system image to load when it is booting, the system will enter ROM monitor mode. ROM monitor (ROMMON) mode can also be accessed by interrupting the boot sequence during startup. The following sections contain detailed information on these command modes: Table 3 follows these sections and internet paper summarizes the main Cisco IOS command modes. Logging in to the router places you in user EXEC command mode (unless the system is configured to take you immediately to privileged EXEC mode). Typically, log-in will require a user name and a password.

You may try three times to happy endings essays enter a password before the connection attempt is refused. Note For information on setting the password, see the addiction disorder research paper Configuring Passwords and Privileges chapter in the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide and the Using AutoInstall and essays Setup chapter in this document . The EXEC commands available at the user level are a subset of those available at the privileged level. In general, the internet research paper user EXEC commands allow you to connect to remote devices, change terminal line settings on a temporary basis, perform basic tests, and maths coursework number list system information. To list the available user EXEC commands, use the following command: Lists the user EXEC commands. The user EXEC mode prompt consists of the internet addiction disorder research paper host name of the device followed by an angle bracket (), as shown in the following example: The default host name is generally Router, unless it has been changed during initial configuration using the setup EXEC command. You also change the essays host name using the hostname global configuration command. Note Examples in Cisco IOS documentation assume the use of the default name of Router.

Different devices (for example, access servers) may use a different default name. If the routing device (router, access server, or switch) has been named with the hostname command, that name will appear as the prompt instead of the default name. To list the commands available in internet addiction paper, user EXEC mode, enter a question mark ( ? ) as shown in the following example: The list of commands will vary depending on the software feature set and router platform you are using. Note You can enter commands in uppercase, lowercase, or mixed case. Only passwords are case sensitive. However, Cisco IOS documentation convention is to always present commands in lowercase. Because many privileged EXEC mode commands set operating parameters, privileged-level access should be password protected to maintaining confidentiality essays prevent unauthorized use.

The privileged EXEC command set includes those commands contained in user EXEC mode. Privilege EXEC mode also provides access to configuration modes through the configure command, and includes advanced testing commands, such as debug . The privileged EXEC mode prompt consists of the host name of the device followed by a pound sign (#), as shown in the following example: To access privileged EXEC mode, use the following command: Enables privileged EXEC mode. After issuing the enable command, the addiction disorder research paper system will prompt you for a password. Note that privileged EXEC mode is sometimes referred to as enable mode, because the enable command is used to enter the mode. If a password has been configured on the system, you will be prompted to enter it before being allowed access to privileged EXEC mode. Number? The password is not displayed on the screen and is case sensitive. If an enable password has not been set, privileged EXEC mode can be accessed only from the router console (terminal connected to the console port).

The system administrator uses the enable secret or enable password global configuration commands to set the password that restricts access to privileged mode. For information on setting the passwords, see the Configuring Passwords and internet disorder research Privileges chapter in the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide. To return to user EXEC mode, use the following command: Exits from privileged EXEC mode to user EXEC mode. The following example shows the process of spanish gangster accessing privileged EXEC mode: Note that the password will not be displayed as you type, but is shown here for illustrational purposes.To list the commands available in privileged EXEC mode, issue the ? command at internet research the prompt. From privileged EXEC mode you can access global configuration mode, which is described in the following section. Note Because the privileged EXEC command set contains all of the commands available in spanish essay, user EXEC mode, some commands can be entered in addiction disorder, either mode. In Cisco IOS documentation, commands that can be entered in either user EXEC mode or privileged EXEC mode are referred to as EXEC mode commands. If user or privileged is essay eu law, not specified in addiction disorder paper, the documentation, assume that you can enter the referenced commands in either mode.

The term global is used to indicate characteristics or features that affect the system as a whole. Short Story Happy Endings? Global configuration mode is used to configure your system globally, or to enter specific configuration modes to configure specific elements such as interfaces or protocols. Use the internet paper configure terminal privileged EXEC command to enter global configuration mode. To access global configuration mode, use the following command in privileged EXEC mode: Router# configure terminal. From privileged EXEC mode, enters global configuration mode. The following example shows the process of entering global configuration mode from privileged EXEC mode: Note that the system prompt changes to of capital punishment essays indicate that you are now in global configuration mode. The prompt for global configuration mode consists of the host-name of the device followed by (config) and the pound sign ( # ). To list the commands available in privileged EXEC mode, issue the ? command at the prompt. Commands entered in internet disorder paper, global configuration mode update the running configuration file as soon as they are entered. In other words, changes to the configuration take effect each time you press the Enter or Return key at the end of a valid command.

However, these changes are not saved into the startup configuration file until you issue the coursework copy running-config startup-config EXEC mode command. This behavior is explained in more detail later in this document. As shown in disorder research paper, the example above, the system dialogue prompts you to end your configuration session (exit configuration mode) by pressing the both sides of capital essays Control (Ctrl) and z keys simultaneously; when you press these keys, ^Z is addiction research, printed to gangster essay the screen. Internet Disorder Research Paper? You can actually end your configuration session by entering the Ctrl-Z key combination, using the end command, using the Ctrl-C key combination. The end command is the recommended way to indicate to the system that you are done with the current configuration session. Warning If you use Ctrl-Z at the end of a command line in which a valid command has been typed, that command will be added to the running configuration file.

In other words, using Ctrl-Z is essay eu law, equivalent to hitting the internet addiction research Enter (Carriage Return) key before exiting. For this reason, it is safer to end your configuration session using the end command. Alternatively, you can use the Ctrl-C key combination to end your configuration session without sending a Carriage Return signal. You can also use the exit command to return from global configuration mode to both of capital punishment EXEC mode, but this only works in internet, global configuration mode. Gangster Essay? Pressing Ctrl-Z or entering the end command will always take you back to EXEC mode regardless of which configuration mode or configuration submode you are in.

To exit global configuration command mode and return to internet disorder paper privileged EXEC mode, use one of the following commands: Ends the current configuration session and story happy endings essays returns to privileged EXEC mode. Exits the current command mode and returns to the preceding mode. For example, exits from global configuration mode to privileged EXEC mode. From global configuration mode, you can enter a number of protocol-specific, platform-specific, and feature-specific configuration modes.

For a complete list of addiction disorder paper configuration modes, see the story endings Cisco IOS Command Modes appendix in this book. This appendix provides references to the appropriate documentation module for information about specific configuration modes. Interface configuration mode, described in the following section, is an example of internet addiction research paper a configuration mode you can enter from global configuration mode. One example of gangster a specific configuration mode you enter from internet, global configuration mode is maintaining confidentiality essays, interface configuration mode. Many features are enabled on a per-interface basis. Interface configuration commands modify the operation of an interface such as an Ethernet, FDDI, or serial port. Interface configuration commands always follow an interface global configuration command, which defines the internet addiction disorder paper interface type.

For details on interface configuration commands that affect general interface parameters, such as bandwidth or clock rate, refer to the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Interface Configuration Guide . For protocol-specific commands, refer to maths coursework number the appropriate Cisco IOS software command reference. To access and disorder research list the interface configuration commands, use the following command: Router(config)# interface type number. Specifies the interface to be configured, and enters interface configuration mode. In the compare nasıl yazılır following example, the user enter interface configuration mode for serial interface 0. Internet Paper? The new prompt, hostname (config-if)#, indicates interface configuration mode. To exit interface configuration mode and return to global configuration mode, enter the exit command. Configuration submodes are configuration modes entered from other configuration modes (besides global configuration mode). Configuration submodes are for punishment essays, the configuration of specific elements within the configuration mode. For a complete list of configuration submodes, see the Cisco IOS Command Modes appendix in internet addiction disorder research, this book. One example of a configuration submode is subinterface configuration mode, described in the following section.

From interface configuration mode, you can enter subinterface configuration mode. Subinterface configuration mode is a submode of maths number interface configuration mode. In subinterface configuration mode you can configure multiple virtual interfaces (called subinterfaces) on a single physical interface. Subinterfaces appear to be distinct physical interfaces to the various protocols. For example, Frame Relay networks provide multiple point-to-point links called permanent virtual circuits (PVCs). PVCs can be grouped under separate subinterfaces that in turn are configured on addiction disorder research, a single physical interface. From a bridging spanning-tree viewpoint, each subinterface is maintaining confidentiality essays, a separate bridge port, and a frame arriving on disorder research paper, one subinterface can be sent out on another subinterface. Subinterfaces also allow multiple encapsulations for a protocol on a single interface. Yazılır? For example, a router or access server can receive an ARPA-framed IPX packet and forward the packet back out the same physical interface as a SNAP-framed IPX packet. For detailed information on how to configure subinterfaces, refer to internet paper the appropriate documentation module for a specific protocol in the Cisco IOS software documentation set. To access subinterface configuration mode, use the following command in both punishment, interface configuration mode:

Specifies the virtual interface to addiction paper be configured and enters subinterface configuration mode. In the following example, a subinterface is configured for serial line 2, which is configured for Frame Relay encapsulation. The subinterface is identified as 2.1 to indicate that it is subinterface 1 of serial interface 2. The new prompt hostname (config-subif)# indicates subinterface configuration mode. The subinterface can be configured to support one or more Frame Relay PVCs. To exit subinterface configuration mode and return to or contrast nasıl interface configuration mode, use the exit command. To end your configuration session and return to privileged EXEC mode, press Ctrl-Z or enter the end command. ROM monitor mode (ROMMON) runs from a specialized software image, and paper is used to manually locate a valid system software image from maths, which to addiction disorder research boot the system (ROM monitor mode is also sometimes called boot mode). If your system (router, switch, or access server) does not find a valid system image to load, the system will enter ROM monitor mode. ROM monitor mode can also be accessed by interrupting the short story happy boot sequence during startup.

From ROM monitor mode, you can boot the device or perform diagnostic tests. On most systems you can enter ROM monitor mode by entering the reload EXEC command and internet addiction disorder research paper then issuing the essays Break command during the first 60 seconds of internet startup. The Break command is or contrast, issued by pressing the internet Break key on your keyboard or by using the Break key-combination (the default Break key-combination is essay eu law, Ctrl-C). Note You must have a console connection to the router to perform this procedure, as Telnet connections will be lost when the addiction research paper system reboots. To access ROM monitor mode from EXEC mode, perform the following steps: Step 1 Enter the reload command in EXEC mode. After issuing this command and responding to compare or contrast nasıl yazılır the system prompts as necessary, the system will begin reloading the system software image. Step 2 Issue the Break command during the first 60 seconds of system startup. The break command is issued using the Break key or Break key-combination. (The default Break key combination is Ctrl-C, but this may be configured differently on your system.) Issuing the break command interrups the boot sequence and brings you into internet addiction disorder, ROM monitor mode. Another method for entering ROM monitor mode is to set the configuration register so that the essay eu law router automatically enters ROM monitor mode when it boots.

For information about setting the configuration register value, see the Rebooting chapter in this book. ROM monitor mode uses an internet research paper angle bracket () as the command line prompt. On some Cisco devices the default ROM monitor prompt is rommon . A list of ROM monitor commands is displayed when you enter the ? command or help command. The following example shows how this list of commands may appear: The list of coursework available commands will vary depending on the software image and platform you are using. Some versions of ROMMON will display a list of commands in a pre-aliased format such as the following: To exit ROM monitor mode, use the continue command or C command alias; this will restart the booting process. For more information on ROM monitor mode characteristics (including using aliases for commands) and disorder using ROM monitor mode, see the Rebooting chapter in this document.

Summary of spanish essay Main Cisco IOS Command Modes. Table 3 summarizes the main command modes used in paper, the Cisco IOS CLI. Spanish Gangster Essay? For a complete list of configuration modes, see the Cisco IOS Command Modes appendix in this book. Table 3 Summary of the Main Cisco IOS Command Modes. Use the logout command. From user EXEC mode, use the enable EXEC command. To exit to user EXEC mode, use the disable command. To enter global configuration mode, use the internet disorder research configure terminal privileged EXEC command. From privileged EXEC mode, use the configure terminal privileged EXEC command. To exit to maintaining essays privileged EXEC mode, use the end command or press Ctrl-Z . To enter interface configuration mode, use the internet addiction research paper interface configuration command. From global configuration mode, enter by specifying an interface with an interface command.

To exit to global configuration mode, use the exit command. To exit to essay eu law privileged EXEC mode, use the end command or press Ctrl-Z . To enter subinterface configuration mode, specify a subinterface with the interface command. From interface configuration mode, specify a subinterface with an interface command. Disorder? (The availability of this mode is dependent on your platform.) To exit to global configuration mode, use the of capital exit command. To exit to privileged EXEC mode, use the end command or press Ctrl-Z . From privileged EXEC mode, use the reload EXEC command. Press the addiction disorder research Break key during the first 60 seconds while the maths coursework system is booting. If you entered ROM monitor mode by addiction research paper, interrupting the loading process, you can exit ROM monitor and resume loading by using the essay eu law continue command or the disorder research C command alias. To familiarize yourself with the features of the Cisco IOS CLI, perform any of the tasks described in both sides punishment, the following sections: Entering a question mark ( ? ) at the system prompt displays a list of commands available for each command mode.

You also can get a list of the arguments and keywords available for any command with the addiction context-sensitive help feature. To get help specific to a command mode, a command name, a keyword, or an argument, use any of the following commands: Displays a brief description of the number help system. Lists commands in addiction disorder paper, the current mode that begin with a particular character string. Completes a partial command name. Lists all commands available in the command mode. Lists the available syntax options (arguments and keywords) for maths, the command. Lists the next available syntax option for the command. Note that the system prompt will vary depending on which configuration mode you are in.

When using context-sensitive help, the internet addiction paper space (or lack of a space) before the coursework number question mark ( ? ) is significant. To obtain a list of commands that begin with a particular character sequence, type in internet paper, those characters followed immediately by the question mark ( ? ). Essay? Do not include a space. This form of addiction paper help is called word help, because it completes a word for you. For more information, see the Completing a Partial Command Name section later in this chapter. To list keywords or arguments, enter a question mark ( ? ) in place of a keyword or argument. Include a space before the ? . This form of help is called command syntax help, because it shows you which keywords or arguments are available based on the command, keywords, and arguments you already have entered. You can abbreviate commands and keywords to the number of characters that allow a unique abbreviation. For example, you can abbreviate the configure terminal command to config t . Because the abbreviated form of the command is compare or contrast nasıl yazılır, unique, the router will accept the abbreviated form and execute the command.

Entering the research help command (available in any command mode) will provide the following description of the help system: As described in the help command output, you can use the question mark ( ? ) to complete a partial command name (partial help), or to obtain a list of arguments or keywords that will complete the current command. The following example illustrates how the context-sensitive help feature enables you to create an access list from coursework number, configuration mode. Enter the letters co at addiction the system prompt followed by a question mark ( ? ). Do not leave a space between the last letter and the question mark. The system provides the commands that begin with co . Enter the configure command followed by a space and a question mark to list the keywords for the command and a brief explanation: The cr symbol (cr stands for carriage return) appears in the list to indicate that one of your options is to press the Return or Enter key to execute the essay command, without adding any additional keywords. In this example, the output indicates that your options for disorder research, the configure command are configure memory (configure from NVRAM), configure network (configure from a file on the network), configure overwrite-network (configure from a file on the network and replace the file in NVRAM), or configure terminal (configure manually from the terminal connection). For most commands, the cr symbol is used to indicate that you can execute the command with the compare essay nasıl syntax you have already entered. However, the configure command is a special case, as the CLI will prompt you for the missing syntax: The default response for the ? prompt is indicated in the CLI output by a bracketed option at the end of the line.

In the internet research preceding example, pressing the Enter (or Return) key is equivalent to confidentiality typing in the word terminal. To skip the prompting, enter the configure terminal command to enter global configuration mode: The CLI provides error isolation in the form of an error indicator, a caret symbol (^). The ^ symbol appears at paper the point in the command string where the user has entered incorrect or unrecognized command syntax. For example, the essay eu law caret symbol in the following output shows the letter that was mistyped in the command: Note that an error message (indicated by internet disorder research, the % symbol) is printed to the screen to essay alert you to the error marker.

Enter the access-list command followed by a space and a question mark to addiction disorder research list the available options for the command: The two numbers within the angle brackets represent an inclusive range. Enter the access list number 99 and story happy endings then enter another question mark to see the addiction arguments that apply to the keyword and brief explanations: Enter the deny argument followed by maintaining essays, a question mark ( ? ) to list additional options: Generally, uppercase letters represent variables (arguments). Enter the IP address followed by a question mark ( ? ) to list additional options: In this output, A.B.C.D indicates that use of internet disorder research a wildcard mask is allowed. The wildcard mask is a method for matching IP addresses or ranges of of capital punishment essays IP addresses. For example, a wildcard mask of internet addiction disorder paper 0.0.0.255 matches any number in the range from 0 to 255 that appears in maths number, the fourth octet of an IP address.

Enter the addiction wildcard mask followed by a question mark ( ? ) to list further options. The cr symbol by itself indicates there are no more keywords or arguments. Press Enter (or Return) to execute the command. The system adds an entry to compare or contrast essay yazılır access list 99 that denies access to all hosts on subnet 172.31.134.0, while ignoring bits for IP addresses that end in 0 to 255. Displaying All User EXEC Commands. To configure the internet disorder research paper current session to essay eu law display the full set of internet research user EXEC commands, use the maintaining confidentiality following command in EXEC mode (user EXEC or privileged EXEC):

Router# terminal full-help. Configures this session to provide help for the full set of user-level commands. The system administrator can also configure the internet research system to always display full help for essay eu law, connections made to a particular line using the full-help line configuration command. The full-help and terminal full-help commands enable the displaying of all help messages available in internet addiction disorder, user EXEC mode when the show ? command is executed. The following example is essay eu law, output for the show ? command with terminal full-help disabled and then enabled: Using the no and default Forms of internet addiction disorder Commands. Almost every configuration command has a no form. In general, use the no form to disable a feature or function. Use the command without the no keyword to reenable a disabled feature or to both sides of capital punishment enable a feature that is disabled by addiction research, default. Essay Eu Law? For example, IP routing is enabled by default. To disable IP routing, use the internet addiction research no ip routing form of the ip routing command.

To reenable it, use the plain ip routing form. The Cisco IOS software command reference publications describe the essay eu law function of the no form of the command whenever a no form is available. Many CLI commands also have a default form. By issuing the command default command-name , you can configure the command to its default setting. The Cisco IOS software command reference publications describe the function of the default form of the command when the addiction research default form performs a different function than the both sides of capital punishment essays plain and no forms of the command. To see what default commands are available on addiction, your system, enter default ? in the appropriate command mode. The Cisco IOS CLI provides a history or record of commands that you have entered. This feature is particularly useful for recalling long or complex commands or entries, including access lists. Sides Of Capital? To use the addiction research paper command history feature, perform any of the essay eu law tasks described in the following sections: Setting the Command History Buffer Size.

By default, the system records ten command lines in its history buffer. To set the number of command lines that the addiction research system will record during the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# terminal history [ size number-of-lines ] Enables the command history feature for the current terminal session. The terminal no history size command resets the number of lines saved in the history buffer to the default of ten lines. To configure the gangster essay number of command lines the system will record for all sessions on addiction research, a particular line, use the sides of capital punishment essays following command in disorder, line configuration mode: Router(config-line)# history [ size number-of-lines ] Enables the command history feature. To recall commands from the history buffer, use one of the following commands or key combinations: Recalls commands in the history buffer, beginning with the maintaining confidentiality essays most recent command. Repeat the key sequence to recall successively older commands. Returns to internet addiction disorder more recent commands in yazılır, the history buffer after recalling commands with Ctrl-P or the Up Arrow key. Repeat the key sequence to recall successively more recent commands.

Router show history. While in internet research paper, EXEC mode, lists the last several commands entered. 1 The arrow keys function only on ANSI-compatible terminals . Disabling the Command History Feature. The command history feature is automatically enabled. Compare Essay? To disable it during the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router terminal no history.

Disables command history for the current session. To configure a specific line so that the command history feature is disabled, use the following command in line configuration mode: Router(config-line)# no history. Disables command history for the line. Using CLI Editing Features and Shortcuts. A variety of shortcuts and editing features are enabled for the Cisco IOS CLI. The following subsections describe these features: Moving the internet addiction disorder paper Cursor on both sides essays, the Command Line. Table 4 shows the key combinations or sequences you can use to move the cursor around on the command line to disorder research make corrections or changes.

Ctrl indicates the of capital Control key, which must be pressed simultaneously with its associated letter key. Esc indicates the Escape key, which must be pressed first, followed by its associated letter key. Keys are not case sensitive. Many letters used for internet research paper, CLI navigation and editing were chosen to provide an compare or contrast nasıl yazılır easy way of remembering their functions. Disorder? In Table 4 characters are bolded in the Function Summary column to maths number indicate the relation between the letter used and the function. Table 4 Key Combinations Used to internet research paper Move the Cursor. Moves the cursor one character to the left.

When you enter a command that extends beyond a single line, you can press the essay eu law Left Arrow or Ctrl-B keys repeatedly to scroll back toward the system prompt and paper verify the beginning of the command entry, or you can press the Ctrl-A key combination. Moves the number cursor one character to the right. Moves the cursor back one word. Moves the cursor forward one word. Beginning of line. Moves the cursor to the beginning of the internet disorder research paper line. Moves the cursor to the end of the command line.

Completing a Partial Command Name. If you cannot remember a complete command name, or if you want to essay eu law reduce the amount of typing you have to perform, enter the first few letters of the command, then press the Tab key. The command line parser will complete the disorder paper command if the string entered is unique to the command mode. If your keyboard does not have a Tab key, press Ctrl - I instead. The CLI will recognize a command once you have entered enough characters to number make the command unique. For example, if you enter conf in privileged EXEC mode, the CLI will be able to associate your entry with the configure command, because only the configure command begins with conf . In the following example the internet addiction research paper CLI recognizes the unique string for privileged EXEC mode of conf when the Tab key is pressed: When you use the essays command completion feature the CLI displays the full command name. The command is not executed until you use the Return or Enter key.

This way you can modify the command if the full command was not what you intended by the abbreviation. Internet Addiction Research? If you enter a set of characters that could indicate more than one command, the system beeps to indicate that the text string is not unique. If the CLI can not complete the command, enter a question mark ( ? ) to sides punishment obtain a list of commands that begin with that set of characters. Do not leave a space between the last letter you enter and the question mark ( ? ). For example, entering co? will list all commands available in internet addiction disorder research paper, the current command mode: Note that the characters you enter before the yazılır question mark are reprinted to the screen to allow you to addiction disorder research paper complete the command entry. Use any of the following keys or key combinations to delete command entries if you make a mistake or change your mind: Deletes the character to the left of the cursor. Deletes the character at the cursor. Deletes all characters from the cursor to maintaining the end of the command line. Deletes all characters from the cursor to the beginning of the command line.

Deletes the word to internet addiction disorder paper the left of the cursor. Deletes from the cursor to the end of the word. The CLI stores commands or keywords that you delete in a history buffer. Only character strings that begin or end with a space are stored in confidentiality, the buffer; individual characters that you delete (using Backspace or Ctrl-D) are not stored. The buffer stores the last ten items that have been deleted using Ctrl-K, Ctrl-U, or Ctrl-X. To recall these items and paste them in the command line, use the following key combinations: Recalls the most recent entry in the buffer. (press keys simultaneously). Recalls the previous entry in internet paper, the history buffer. (press keys sequentially). Note that the Esc, Y key sequence will not function unless you press the both Ctrl-Y key combination first.

If you press Esc, Y more than ten times, you will cycle back to the most recent entry in the buffer. The CLI provides a wrap-around feature for internet addiction disorder paper, commands that extend beyond a single line on the screen. When the cursor reaches the right margin, the command line shifts ten spaces to the left. You cannot see the first ten characters of the line, but you can scroll back and check the syntax at the beginning of the command. To scroll back, press Ctrl-B or the left arrow key repeatedly until you scroll back to the beginning of the or contrast essay yazılır command entry, or press Ctrl-A to return directly to paper the beginning of the line. In the following example, the access-list command entry extends beyond one line. When the cursor first reaches the end of the line, the line is shifted ten spaces to essays the left and addiction redisplayed. Maths Coursework Number? The dollar sign ($) indicates that the line has been scrolled to the left. Each time the cursor reaches the end of the disorder research paper line, the line is again shifted ten spaces to maths the left.

When you have completed the entry, press Ctrl-A to check the complete syntax before pressing the Return key to execute the addiction disorder research paper command. The dollar sign ($) appears at the end of the line to indicate that the line has been scrolled to the right: The Cisco IOS software assumes you have a terminal screen that is 80 columns wide. If you have a different screen-width, use the terminal width EXEC command to set the width of your terminal. Use line wrapping in coursework number, conjunction with the command history feature to recall and modify previous complex command entries. See the Recalling Commands section in this chapter for addiction research paper, information about recalling previous command entries. Continuing Output at the --More-- Prompt.

When working with the Cisco IOS CLI, output often extends beyond the visible screen length. For cases where output continues beyond the bottom of the screen, such as with the output of many ? , show , or more commands, the essay eu law output is paused and a --More-- prompt is displayed at the bottom of the screen. To resume output, press the Return key to scroll down one line, or press the internet research paper Spacebar to display the compare essay yazılır next full screen of output. Tips If output is internet research, pausing on your screen, but you do not see the --More-- prompt, try entering a smaller value for the screen length using the length line configuration command or the coursework number terminal length EXEC command. Command output will not be paused if the length value is set to internet addiction research paper zero. For information about maintaining confidentiality filtering output from the --More-- prompt, see the Searching and Filtering CLI Output section in this chapter. Redisplaying the Current Command Line.

If you are entering a command and disorder paper the system suddenly sends a message to your screen, you can easily recall your current command line entry. To redisplay the current command line (refresh the screen), use either of the following key combinations: Redisplays the current command line. If you have mistyped a command entry, you can transpose the mistyped characters. To transpose characters, use the following key combination: Transposes the character to both sides the left of the internet addiction disorder research paper cursor with the character located at confidentiality the cursor.

You can capitalize or lowercase words or capitalize a set of letters with simple key sequences. Internet Addiction Disorder Paper? Note, however, that Cisco IOS commands are generally case-insensitive, and are typically all in lowercase. To change the compare or contrast essay capitalization of commands, use any of the following key sequences: Capitalizes the letter at disorder research the cursor. Changes the word at essay eu law the cursor to lowercase. Capitalizes letters from the cursor to the end of the word. Designating a Keystroke as a Command Entry. You can configure the system to recognize particular keystroke (key combination or sequence) as command aliases. In other words, you can set a keystroke as a shortcut for executing a command.

To enable the system to interpret a keystroke as a command, use the either of the following key combinations before entering the command sequence: Configures the system to accept the following keystroke as a user-configured command entry (rather than as an editing command). Disabling and Reenabling Editing Features. The editing features described in internet research, the previous sections were introduced in Cisco IOS Release 9.21, and are automatically enabled on spanish essay, your system. However, there may be some unique situations that could warrant disabling these editing features. Internet Addiction Research Paper? For example, you may have scripts that conflict with editing functionality. To globally disable editing features, use the following command in line configuration mode: Disables CLI editing features for a particular line.

To disable the editing features for the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# terminal no editing. Disables CLI editing features for the local line. To reenable the editing features for the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# terminal editing. Enables the CLI editing features for essay, the current terminal session. To reenable the editing features for a specific line, use the addiction paper following command in line configuration mode: Enables the CLI editing features. Searching and Filtering CLI Output. The Cisco IOS CLI provides ways of searching through large amounts of essays command output and filtering output to exclude information you do not need. Disorder Research? These features are enabled for show and essay eu law more commands, which generally display large amounts of data.

Note Show and more commands are always entered in internet addiction disorder, EXEC mode. When output continues beyond what is confidentiality essays, displayed on your screen, the Cisco IOS CLI displays a --More-- prompt. Pressing Return displays the next line; pressing the Spacebar displays the internet research paper next screen of output. The CLI String Search feature allows you to search or filter output from --More-- prompts. Understanding Regular Expressions. A regular expression is a pattern (a phrase, number, or more complex pattern) the CLI String Search feature matches against show or more command output. Regular expressions are case sensitive and allow for complex matching requirements. Simple regular expressions include entries like Serial , misses , or 138 . Complex regular expressions include entries like 00210. , ( is ) , or [Oo]utput . A regular expression can be a single-character pattern or a multiple-character pattern. That is, a regular expression can be a single character that matches the same single character in the command output or multiple characters that match the of capital same multiple characters in the command output. Internet Research? The pattern in spanish, the command output is disorder paper, referred to as a string. This section describes creating both single-character patterns and multiple-character patterns.

It also discusses creating more complex regular expressions using multipliers, alternation, anchoring, and or contrast nasıl yazılır parentheses. The simplest regular expression is internet research paper, a single character that matches the same single character in the command output. You can use any letter (A-Z, a-z) or digit (0-9) as a single-character pattern. You can also use other keyboard characters (such as ! or. ) as single-character patterns, but certain keyboard characters have special meaning when used in regular expressions. Table 5 lists the keyboard characters that have special meaning. Table 5 Characters with Special Meaning. Matches any single character, including white space. Matchers 0 or more sequences of the pattern. Matches 1 or more sequences of the pattern.

Matches 0 or 1 occurrences of the pattern. Matches the beginning of the string. Matches the end of the string. Matches a comma (,), left brace ( ), left parenthesis ( ( ), right parenthesis ( ) ), the beginning of the string, the end of the string, or a space. To use these special characters as single-character patterns, remove the special meaning by preceding each character with a backslash ().

The following examples are single-character patterns matching a dollar sign, an underscore, and both sides a plus sign, respectively. You can specify a range of single-character patterns to internet addiction disorder match against command output. For example, you can create a regular expression that matches a string containing one of the following letters: a, e, i, o, or u. Only one of compare or contrast nasıl these characters must exist in the string for pattern matching to succeed. To specify a range of internet disorder paper single-character patterns, enclose the single-character patterns in square brackets ( [ ] ). For example, [aeiou] matches any one of the short happy essays five vowels of the lowercase alphabet, while [abcdABCD] matches any one of the first four letters of the lower- or uppercase alphabet. You can simplify ranges by entering only the endpoints of the range separated by a dash (-).

Simplify the previous range as follows: To add a dash as a single-character pattern in your range, include another dash and precede it with a backslash: You can also include a right square bracket (]) as a single-character pattern in your range, as shown here: The previous example matches any one of the first four letters of the internet addiction disorder paper lower- or uppercase alphabet, a dash, or a right square bracket. You can reverse the matching of the range by including a caret (^) at the start of the range.

The following example matches any letter except the ones listed. The following example matches anything except a right square bracket (]) or the letter d: When creating regular expressions, you can also specify a pattern containing multiple characters. You create multiple-character regular expressions by joining letters, digits, or keyboard characters that do not have special meaning. For example, a4% is a multiple-character regular expression. Put a backslash before the keyboard characters that have special meaning when you want to indicate that the character should be interpreted literally. With multiple-character patterns, order is essay eu law, important. The regular expression a4% matches the character a followed by a 4 followed by disorder, a % sign. Nasıl Yazılır? If the string does not have a4%, in that order, pattern matching fails. Addiction Disorder Research Paper? The multiple-character regular expression a. uses the special meaning of the period character to match the letter a followed by both sides punishment, any single character. With this example, the internet research strings ab, a!, or a2 are all valid matches for the regular expression.

You can remove the gangster special meaning of the period character by putting a backslash in front of it. For example, when the expression a. is used in the command syntax, only the string a. will be matched. You can create a multiple-character regular expression containing all letters, all digits, all keyboard characters, or a combination of letters, digits, and other keyboard characters. Internet Addiction Research? For example, telebit 3107 v32bis is a valid regular expression. You can create more complex regular expressions that instruct Cisco IOS software to match multiple occurrences of a specified regular expression. To do so, you use some special characters with your single-character and spanish gangster essay multiple-character patterns. Table 6 lists the special characters that specify multiples of internet addiction research paper a regular expression. Table 6 Special Characters Used as Multipliers. Matches 0 or more single-character or multiple-character patterns. Matches 1 or more single-character or multiple-character patterns. Matches 0 or 1 occurrences of number a single-character or multiple-character pattern.

The following example matches any number of occurrences of the letter a, including none: The following pattern requires that at least one letter a be in the string to be matched: The following pattern matches the string bb or bab: The following string matches any number of asterisks (*): To use multipliers with multiple-character patterns, you enclose the pattern in parentheses. In the following example, the addiction research pattern matches any number of the multiple-character string ab:

As a more complex example, the following pattern matches one or more instances of alphanumeric pairs, but not none (that is, an empty string is not a match): The order for matches using multipliers (*, +, or ?) is to put the longest construct first. Nested constructs are matched from outside to inside. Concatenated constructs are matched beginning at the left side of the construct. Thus, the regular expression matches A9b3, but not 9Ab3 because the letters are specified before the numbers. Alternation allows you to specify alternative patterns to match against a string. You separate the alternative patterns with a vertical bar ( | ). Exactly one of the maths coursework alternatives can match the string. For example, the regular expression codex | telebit matches the string codex or the internet addiction research paper string telebit, but not both codex and telebit.

You can instruct Cisco IOS software to match a regular expression pattern against short essays the beginning or the end of the string. That is, you can specify that the beginning or end of addiction paper a string contain a specific pattern. You anchor these regular expressions to a portion of the string using the special characters shown in Table 7. Table 7 Special Characters Used for Anchoring. Matches the beginning of the string. Matches the short happy essays end of the string. For example, the internet addiction research paper regular expression ^con matches any string that starts with con, and $sole matches any string that ends with sole. In addition to indicating the spanish beginning of a string, the ^ symbol can be used to indicate the logical function not when used in a bracketed range. For example, the expression [^abcd] indicates a range that matches any single letter, as long as it is not the letters a, b, c, or d. Contrast these anchoring characters with the special character underscore (_). Underscore matches the beginning of a string (^), the end of a string ($), parentheses (( )) , space ( ), braces (), comma (,), or underscore (_).

With the underscore character, you can specify that a pattern exist anywhere in the string. For example, _1300_ matches any string that has 1300 somewhere in internet research paper, the string. The string 1300 can be preceded by or end with a space, brace, comma, or underscore. So, while matches the regular expression _1300_ , 21300 and 13000 do not. Using the underscore character, you can replace long regular expression lists. For example, instead of specifying ^1300( ) ( )1300$ ,1300, (1300 you can specify simply _1300_ . As shown in the Multipliers section, you use parentheses with multiple-character regular expressions to multiply the confidentiality occurrence of internet paper a pattern. Essay Yazılır? You can also use parentheses around a single- or multiple-character pattern to instruct the addiction research paper Cisco IOS software to number remember a pattern for use elsewhere in the regular expression. To create a regular expression that recalls a previous pattern, you use parentheses to addiction research indicate memory of a specific pattern and a backslash () followed by a digit to reuse the remembered pattern. The digit specifies the occurrence of a parentheses in the regular expression pattern. If you have more than one remembered pattern in your regular expression, then 1 indicates the first remembered pattern, and 2 indicates the second remembered pattern, and maintaining confidentiality so on. The following regular expression uses parentheses for recall:

This regular expression matches an a followed by any character (call it character no. Addiction Disorder Research Paper? 1), followed by bc followed by any character (character no. 2), followed by character no. Essay Eu Law? 1 again, followed by character no. 2 again. Internet Addiction Research Paper? So, the regular expression can match aZbcTZT. The software remembers that character no. 1 is sides punishment essays, Z and internet character no. 2 is T and then uses Z and spanish T again later in the regular expression.

Searching and internet disorder paper Filtering show Commands. To search show command output, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# show any-command | begin regular-expression. Begins unfiltered output of the show command with the first line that contains the regular expression . Note Cisco IOS documentation generally uses the vertical bar to indicate a choice of syntax. However, to search the output of show and more commands, you will need to enter the story pipe character (the vertical bar). In this section the paper pipe appears in bold ( | ) to indicate that you should enter this character. To filter show command output, use one of the following commands in EXEC mode: Router# show any-command | exclude regular-expression.

Displays output lines that do not contain the compare or contrast essay regular expression. Router# show any-command | include regular-expression. Displays output lines that contain the internet addiction research paper regular expression. On most systems you can enter the Ctrl-Z key combination at both of capital any time to interrupt the output and disorder return to EXEC mode. For example, you can enter the show running-config | begin hostname command to start the spanish essay display of the running configuration file at internet addiction disorder research paper the line containing the hostname setting, then use Ctrl-z when you get to the end of the information you are interested in. Searching and Filtering more Commands. You can search more commands the same way you search show commands ( more commands perform the same function as show commands). To search more command output, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# more any-command | begin regular-expression.

Begins unfiltered output of a more command with the first line that contains the regular expression. You can filter more commands the same way you filter show commands. To filter more command output, use one of the following commands in essay eu law, EXEC mode: Router# more any-command | exclude regular-expression. Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.

Router# more any-command | include regular-expression. Displays output lines that contain the regular expression. Searching and Filtering from the --More-- Prompt. You can search output from internet disorder research paper, --More-- prompts. Number? To search show or more command output from internet addiction disorder, a --More-- prompt, use the following command in EXEC mode: Begins unfiltered output with the first line that contains the maintaining confidentiality essays regular expression. You can filter output from --More-- prompts. However, you can only specify one filter for disorder, each command. The filter remains until the show or more command output finishes or until you interrupt the confidentiality output (using Ctrl-Z or Ctrl-6).

Therefore, you cannot add a second filter at research paper a --More-- prompt if you already specified a filter at the original command or at essays a previous --More--prompt. Note Searching and filtering are different functions. You can search command output using the internet addiction begin keyword and happy specify a filter at the --More-- prompt for the same command. To filter show or more command output at a --More-- prompt, use one of the following commands in EXEC mode: Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression. Displays output lines that contain the regular expression. The following sections provide examples of using the CLI: Determining Command Syntax and Using Command History Example. The CLI provides error isolation in the form of an error indicator, a caret symbol (^). Internet Research Paper? The ^ symbol appears at essay eu law the point in the command string where you have entered an incorrect command, keyword, or argument.

In the following example, suppose you want to set the clock. Use context-sensitive help to determine the correct command syntax for setting the clock. The help output shows that the set keyword is internet research paper, required. Determine the syntax for short happy essays, entering the time: Enter the current time: The system indicates that you need to provide additional arguments to internet addiction research complete the command. Press Ctrl-P or the Up Arrow to happy endings essays automatically repeat the previous command entry. Then add a space and question mark ( ? ) to reveal the additional arguments:

Now you can complete the command entry: The caret symbol (^) and help response indicate an error at 01. To list the correct syntax, enter the command up to the point where the error occurred and internet addiction disorder research then enter a question mark ( ? ): Enter the year using the correct syntax and spanish gangster press Enter or Return to execute the addiction disorder research paper command: Router# clock set 13:32:00 23 February 2001. Searching and Filtering CLI Output Examples. The following is spanish gangster, partial sample output of the internet disorder paper more nvram:startup-config | begin EXEC command that begins unfiltered output with the coursework number first line that contain the internet addiction paper regular expression ip . Spanish Gangster? At the --More-- prompt, the addiction disorder research paper user specifies a filter to exclude output lines that contain the regular expression ip . The following is partial sample output of the more nvram:startup-config | include command.

It only displays lines that contain the spanish essay regular expression ip . The following is internet disorder research paper, partial sample output of the more nvram:startup-config | exclude command. It excludes lines that contain the regular expression service . At the --More-- prompt, the user specifies a filter with the regular expression Dialer1 . Specifying this filter resumes the spanish essay output with the first line that contains Dialer1 . The following is partial sample output of the show interface EXEC command with an internet paper output search specified. The use of the keywords begin Ethernet after the pipe begins unfiltered output with the first line that contains the regular expression Ethernet . At the number --More-- prompt, the user specifies a filter that displays only the addiction research paper lines that contain the regular expression Serial . The following is partial sample output of the maths show buffers | exclude command. It excludes lines that contain the regular expression 0 misses . At the --More-- prompt, the addiction research paper user specifies a search that continues the filtered output beginning with the first line that contains Serial0 . The following is partial sample output of the show interface | include command. The use of the include ( is ) keywords after the pipe (|) causes the command to display only lines that contain the regular expression ( is short story, ) . The parenthesis force the inclusion of the spaces before and after is . Use of the parenthesis ensures that only lines containing is with a space both before and disorder research paper after it will be included in the output (excluding from the search, for example, words like disconnect ) . At the maths --More-- prompt, the user specifies a search that continues the filtered output beginning with the research paper first line that contains Serial0:13 :

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Internet Addiction: The Problem and Treatment (PDF Download

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Ce latin scientifique a t particulirement utilis au XVIIIe sicle lors de la cration des grandes nomenclatures comme celles de Linn, Jussieu ou plus tard de Lamarck. Langue des origines de la culture et de la civilisation franaises, le latin est toujours prsent l’esprit : le latin de cuisine ou latin macaronique correspond en quelque sorte un usage encore spontan du latin. Qui est originaire du Latium ; qui se rapporte au Latium, ses habitants, sa civilisation. Story Happy Essays! Droit latin . Internet Addiction Disorder Research Paper! Ensemble des droits que Rome avait accords aux habitants du Latium puis aux habitants d’autres provinces. Spanish Essay! Voile latine . Disorder Paper! Voile triangulaire envergue sur une antenne, utilise l’origine par les habitants du Latium. Happy Essays! Mer latine (emploi littraire). Disorder! Mer mditerrane. Essay Eu Law! Qui s’exprime, qui crit en latin. Internet Disorder! glise latine . Maintaining Essays! glise romaine d’Occident dont la langue cultuelle tait le latin.

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Habitant de l’Empire latin d’Orient. Coursework Number! Personne qui a certaines caractristiques des habitants du Latium, des anciens Romains, ou certains traits physiques ou moraux qu’on leur attribue ; personne qui a t influence par leur civilisation. Internet Research! Substantif masculin singulier. Coursework! Langue indo-europenne du rameau occidental de cette famille, parle par les habitants du Latium et par les anciens Romains, utilise par les savants jusqu’au XVIIIe sicle, langue officielle de l’glise romaine. Addiction Disorder Research Paper! Latin d’glise. Gangster Essay! Latin en usage dans l’glise romaine ; mauvais latin. tre, se trouver au bout de son latin (vieux) : Ne plus savoir que dire, que faire. Research Paper! (Y) perdre son latin : Ne plus rien (y) comprendre (quelque chose), ne plus savoir que faire. Maintaining Essays! C’est du latin pour quelqu’un (emploi rare) : C’est incomprhensible pour quelqu’un. Internet Addiction Disorder! Synonyme : c’est du chinois, de l’hbreu . Compare Or Contrast Essay Nasıl! Latin de cuisine, latin macaronique : mauvais latin ; jargon imitant le latin par ajout de dsinences des mots franais.

Source : Le Trsor de la langue franaise informatis ( TLFi ). Il ne faut pas parler latin devant les clercs. Internet Research Paper! (Proverbe franais) Le jour du jugement viendra bientt, les nes parlent latin. Essays! (Proverbe franais) La mort est si ancienne qu’on lui parle latin. Disorder! (Jean Giraudoux, Les provinciales ) Le latin n’est pas une langue marrante. Endings! D’ailleurs elle en est morte. Internet Addiction Research Paper! (Driss Chrabi, Une enqute au pays ) Il faut d’abord bien savoir le latin. Maths Number! Ensuite, il faut l’oublier. Addiction Research Paper! (Montesquieu, Lettres persanes ) Latin : est seulement utile pour lire les inscriptions des fontaines publiques. Or Contrast Essay Yazılır! (Gustave Flaubert, Dictionnaire des ides reues ) Il suffit d’ouvrir un manuel de littrature grecque ou latine pour constater que les belles poques littraires sont d’un demi-sicle alors que les littratures dites de dcadence durent six cent ans. Internet Addiction! (Julien Benda, La France Byzantine ) Latin pour dbutants. 40 leons pour dcouvrir le latin. Initiation au latin. Apprendre le Latin en Jouant.

La grammaire du latin. Dictionnaire latin-franais et franais-latin. 300 Proverbes et. du latin et du grec. Latin pour grands dbutants. Assimil : Le Latin (CD Inclus) Le latin pour les nuls. Dictionnaire de Latin. Initiation la langue latin et son systme. Vous reprendrez bien un peu de latin. Dictionnaire trilingue franais, latin, grec.

Rosetta Stone : Latin Niveau 1, 2 3 + CD. Le Petit Nicolas en latin. Le Latin en 15 leons. Cahier de vocabulaire latin. par Hady · Published 19 juin 2012 · Last modified 3 mai 2017.

L’ordre des termes dans une phrase. par Hady · Published 4 juillet 2012 · Last modified 20 aot 2015.