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Articles, Essays, Papers, Publications. Being Contest Essay. Maori activism and achievements in New Zealands Internet Domain Name System. Essay About A Businesswoman. Hidden and forgotten truths and miss truths revealed. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-9-8-1 For over 20 years up till 2017, Maori fought for the right to being american essay, be to be fairly represented in the New Zealand Internet Domain Name System and to a lesser extent for recognition within the New Zealand Internet governing body InternetNZ, in being a businesswoman an act of Maori Internet activism. A simple right that most people take for granted. (2017) view pdf. Cultural analysis of Emotiki app and why it is offensive: Emotiki contains a number of culturally unsafe issues: the satirical use of a Polynesian deity Tiki, Tame Iti and the use of his face and ta moko without permission, several other possible ethical and tikanga issues including possible Intellectual Property infringements. (2017) view pdf. Being American Contest. Digital whakapapa, where is it Digital authorship and founders?: The nature of the web and digital technologies leads Maori ICT organisations, kupu hou creation, Maori related software, web sites and digital tools to by default, ignore whakapapa in the digital world. (2016) view pdf. Maori leaders quotes and sayings: A list of famous Maori leaders quotes and sayings. The Authors Series Of Essays Federalist Originally. As Michael King noted in his biography of being american contest essay Te Puea, the difficultly of writing about past and present Maori leaders is that there is the authors of the known papers very little written by them. This is a list of some of the inspirational things Maori leaders have said or are published.

This is a living page. (2016) view. Cyber Tangi A need to being american essay, better utilise high speed Internet: My controversial thoughts about cyber tangi are below so as to raise debate/ideas and to make people think about cyber tangi, or to of the known federalist papers, at least respect the rights of any whanau who want a cyber tangi. Being American. (2013) view pdf. Biggest risk of thesis venti price Maori leadership in being american essay 2017: Below is new deal thesis a transcript of being american contest essay a 3 minute introductory speech I recently did at Onuku Marae for Canterbury University Master of Maori and Indigenous Leadership wananga. (2017) view. Maori Leaders quotes and sayings: Michael King stated in his biography of Te Puea the difficultly of writing about past and present Maori leaders is that there is of an man very little written by american contest them. Transcribing radio and television interviews is also an issue. As broadcaster and author Alwyn Owen noted Inevitably, oral accounts suffer in transcription. (2017) view. Govt banned report Nga Toku Tu Moana: Maori Leadership and Decision making report (2017) view. Being. Digital Colonialism and Data Sovereignty. Ethnographers for digital Maori world? (2017) view. Definition: Digital Colonialism: The first time the term digital colonialism has been coined and defined. (2015) view pdf. American Essay. Colonisation of the Internet: Maori Comparative Literature Review: A review and new deal thesis, comparison of Maori with Native American Indian rights, based on the award winning research Uncharted Domains and the New Land Rush: Indigenous Rights to Top-Level Domain. Being American Contest Essay. (2013) view pdf.

Radio Spectrum Digital Land in a new era of confiscation: An introduction to essay about being a businesswoman, 4G Spectrum and why it is a Taonga. Includes history of the original and successful claims to spectrum and an overview of the various Maori organisations who are involved with the Maori claim to spectrum. (2013) view pdf. Being American Contest Essay. Maori online content to be archived without permission or consultation : A discussion about the essays man National Library national digital archiving of all New Zealand web sites. Being American Essay. (2010) view. Protect your Iwi and on autobiography of an, Hapu names on the Internet: An overview of protection mechanisms for being contest essay Iwi and hapu. (2004) view pdf. Series As The Federalist Papers Originally. Ikaroa Rawhiti Candidate Social Media effectiveness: Part 2: A summary and overview of the usage and popularity of the Ikaroa Rawhiti candidates social media and online presence. (2013) view pdf. Social media and web usage for contest essay the Ikaroa Rawhiti campaign: Part I : Only this year have I seen an increase in Maori politicians joining and using Social Media and the web. Compare Or Contrast Nasıl Yazılır. Recently one Maori politician told me that the web and social media were a waste of being essay time. (2013) view pdf. Dangerous game of DNA testing for Maori: Using scenario and future planning techniques: I will discuss how DNA testing to prove how Maori you are, to identify your ancestry via DNA testing, or the more recent issue of New Zealand school teachers being offered free DNA testing kits by National Geographic Genographic project to help pupils learn about evolution , has a number of audison thesis price potential problems for being contest Maori. (2017) view. Confidentiality. Protecting digital ancestor images: Digitising images of ancestors, taonga and places of american essay cultural value and then sharing the image with whanau and maintaining confidentiality essays, friends on the Internet is common, as it is quick and easy to share with multiple people with just a few clicks of american a button. Being. (2017) Keyboard warrior definition: The definition of a keyboard warrior is being american essay often used by non technically literate people as a derogatory term applied to online trolls/cyberbully and people who are online activists using technology to audison venti price, fight and raise concerns for a cause. Warrior is a term often reserved for elite special forces, learned people of fighting arts and experts of being contact sports. Essay About. (2017) view. Maori ICT Organisations analysis and directory: A list of all past and being contest, present Maori Internet and digital organisations with their contact details, date established and objectives. (2016) view pdf.

Value of .iwi.nz: An overview of cyber squatters in domain names and the importance for Iwi only to about a businesswoman, use .iwi.nz to guarantee an being american essay, authentic on-line presence and to avoid phishing scams and other criminal activities. (2013) view pdf. Feasibility of .maori as a new internet address: Discussion about the costs, procedures and the currently vast amount of space on the Internet for Maori that is new deal thesis either under utilised or not utilised at all. The issue that it will take at least two separate, but more likely three separate applications to being contest, have a safe .maori environment are explored the fact that there are alternatives to creating a new .maori domain. (2012) view pdf. Cultural and society GTLD objections will help protect Maori on-line: The new GTLD program from ICANN which closed its first round of applications included a number of cultural identity and society names being applied for by corporations. New Deal Thesis. (2012) view pdf. Te Maori News : An automated electronic newspaper built on Tweets and Hashtags. (2012) ARCHIVED. Maori Culture 2.0 The evolutionary change caused by american contest Ultra Fast Broadband (2012) view pdf.

New web domains in NZ: Will they help or hinder Maori and Iwi? (2012) view pdf. Past and or contrast nasıl, Present .iwi.nz Moderation Policies: A collection of the being major changes in the .iwi.nz moderation policies since the essay about being original policy was created in being american essay 1997. This edition contains no commentary. (2012) view pdf. Getting your community and hapu on-line (Community Net Aotearoa): #8216;Honoa te hapori me te hapu ki te ipurangi Getting your community and compare yazılır, hapu online#8217; is a new resource for iwi, hapu and being contest essay, communities wanting to connect with their people, their country #8230; (2011) 1O Year Predictions and Vision for Maori in ICT: After almost a decade after being interviewed by Ariana Tikao on my 10 year vision of Maori and ICT, I have written a new one and welcome any feedback and critiques. (2008) view pdf. Dot Maori Internet suffix: .maori is a possible Internet address suffix that is being discussed by groups of Maori and essay about a businesswoman, non Maori. (2008) view pdf. How to register .maori.nz and other domains. ISBN: 0-9582597-2-0. (2004) view pdf.

Accessing nz.soc.maori and Understanding Usenet/Newsgroups . ISBN: 0-9582597-9-8 (2003) view pdf. A Dictionary of Maori and Social Media terms, English Maori. Edition 3. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-1-2 (2016) view. Word list and analysis of being american contest te reo Moriori. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-0-5 (2016) view. Baby names: Christian, Mormon and non religious Maori first names and their equivalent English name. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-2-9 (2016) pdf. New Zealand Government response to Te Reo Maori email addresses. ISBN: 978-0-473-33191-7 (2015) pdf. Te Reo Maori gate keepers for the future or for the cemetery: Gate keepers of the Maori language only compare or contrast essay nasıl, hinder and contest essay, halt its evolution.

We live in an Information Technology driven society that needs Maori language to adapt. (2012) view. Culturally sensitive Maori names to be excluded from public registration for the .KIWI domain name: The primary purpose of the confidentiality essays list is to stop wide spread Intellectual Property Rights abuse as is seen when ever a new domain name is publicly offered. Also to ensure that .kiwi can be offered as a bilingual Domain Name system for Maori. Contest. Included in the list is confidentiality a list of Maori gods, Iwi and personal names. Being American Contest Essay. Due to the sensitivity and ability for the authors of the series of essays known as the papers wide spread abuse, this list remains private and is available upon request to appropriate organisations. (2012)

A recommendation for an updated New Zealand and Maori Predictive TXT database: A Maori word list recommendation based on word frequency, common Maori words and Maori words in the English Language that should form the being american essay basis of a predictive text application for mobile phones. (2011) pdf. Registering a domain name with a macron (2011) view. Maori txtn glossary for mobile phones (2011) view. 13 Years of Maori Language integration into software and on autobiography of an, the Internet: 13 years ago when i started out in the ICT industry there were no Maori software products, writing a macron was impossible, and as hard as this is to american essay, believe now, only two Maori web sites existed. (2008) view. Dictionary of Maori Computer Related Terms Edition 2. ISBN: 0-9582621-1-X (2006) pdf. Te Kete Potae Guidelines for creating an Organisation Macron Policy: (2005) pdf. Creating macrons for Linux: (2004) Creating Macrons for the Internet. ISBN: 0-9582597-3-9 (2004) pdf. Creating macrons for Microsoft Windows. Maintaining Confidentiality. ISBN: 0-9582597-5-5 (2004) pdf. Dictionary of Maori Computer Related Terms Edition 1. ISBN: 0-473-09356-1. (2003) pdf.

Guidelines for creating and maintaining a bi-lingual website . ISBN: 0-9582597-0-4 (2003) pdf. Creating macrons for the Macintosh . American Essay. ISBN: 0-9582597-4-7 (2003) pdf. Creating Macrons for the Internet (2002) pdf. Te reo Maori in Information Technology. (Christchurch City Library). Maori Language is being used in computers, software and the Internet more and on autobiography of an, more all the time. Many people think that te reo Maori is not used in Information technology at all or not enough to worry about. (2000) Te Reo Tupu Maori Dictionary (on CD). ISBN: 0473051915 (1998) ICT planning and being, tips for a natural disaster (Community Net Aotearoa): A civil defence emergency can occur unexpectedly at any time. Having some basic communication and contingency plans in place prior to an emergency (2011) Email campaigns and of the of essays papers originally, group email (Community Net Aotearoa): Email campaigns are known by several different names including listserv, email subscription list, email list, e-newsletter and email distribution list. The important difference between an email (2011) Microsoft Mail Live (Community Net Aotearoa): Over the past decade many organisations will have become reliant on using Microsoft Outlook Express, the free email program that was bundled by default with Microsoft Windows (2011) The Internet is running out of addresses (Community Net Aotearoa): This does not mean that the Internet will end, just that it has become so popular that a new form of being contest essay addresses will begin to be implemented. (2011) Geographically Diverse Organisations Guidelines for an Online Strategy (Community Net Aotearoa): Creating an online national web presence can be a daunting and of the of essays, time-consuming task not to mention the costs that are attached to such a project. If not planned out correctly, it can do more harm than good for contest your organisation in terms of branding (2010) Getting the most from Skype (Community Net Aotearoa): Skype is a free communication tool that allows you to make discounted phone calls and SMS, talk via voice/video or text over the Internet. (2010)

Google Apps (Community Net Aotearoa): Google Apps is a large collection of free software that you do not need to audison thesis venti price, download or install onto your computer. It is available at no cost to you via a web browser (2010) Search Engine Optimisation SEO (Community Net Aotearoa): Being able to create a website for your organisation or having someone build it for being you is only the first step to having a presence on the web. Essays Of An Man. (2010) FTP Google Blogs (Community Net Aotearoa): Introduction to the now closed Google FTP based Blogs. Being. (2010) Domain name guide: This guide covers many of the daily aspects of domain names that your organisation may encounter including detailed discussions about online branding, domain name scams #8230; (2009) [view] Online Branding in the world of Web 2.0: For many organisations creating an online brand name of their organisation is essential and often only requires the the authors of essays as the federalist originally right domain name or web address from which suitable email addresses are created. #8230;Backing up your data#8230;(2009) [view] Cookies an overview (Community Net Aotearoa): Every time you access the being american essay Internet small files record various information about your surfing habits including your browser version, sites you have visited. (2009) Professionally designed site with full statistics, web site and essay being a businesswoman, hosting and unlimited widgets (Community Net Aotearoa): There are many opportunities for american essay organisations to have a professionally designed web site and hosted with little or no technical knowledge. About Being A Businesswoman. (2009) Web Site Ownership Considerations (Community Net Aotearoa): In todays digital environment it is essential for any organisation to have an being contest essay, online presence. Normally an online presence will begin with a web site. (2009) Introduction to Twitter (Community Net Aotearoa): A guide to suing Twitter for personal and business use. (2009) Tips for Organisational Blogging (Community Net Aotearoa): General tips and hints to promote your organisation and your drive more traffic to yazılır, your web site. (2009) Introduction to Social Bookmarks (Community Net Aotearoa): General introduction to social bookmarks and their business value. (2009) Tips for hiring Information Technology professionals (Community Net Aotearoa): Hiring an ICT professional can be a daunting task, full of uncertainties. (2009) Creating secure passwords (Community Net Aotearoa): Many passwords are simple to american essay, guess and even easier for a computer to guess. (2009) Introduction to Webinars (Community Net Aotearoa): A webinar is a web-based: seminar, conference, presentation or meeting. Essay Being. (2009) RSS tutorial (Community Net Aotearoa): The Web is scattered with orange square boxes, many with the being american contest essay characters RSS inside them. We are constantly asked to subscribe via RSS to audison price, blogs, Podcasts and even to web sites. (2009) Social Media Tips (Community Net Aotearoa): Tips to promote your organisation on being contest FaceBook, MySpace, Bebo and other Web 2.0 services. (2009) Website ownership considerations (Community Net Aotearoa): In todays digital environment it is essential for any organisation to have an on-line presence. Normally an on-line presence will begin with a website. (2009) Windows 7 (Community Net Aotearoa): Microsoft Windows 7 is the latest Windows operating system for the PC and is much more stable than its predecessor Windows Vista. (2009) .tel What you need to know (Community Net Aotearoa): .tel is a new domain name extension for your personal or organisation contact details such as telephone, mobile, fax, address etc. Your details will all be stored on a template site that requires no web development skills. (2009) An overview of common free software licences (Community Net Aotearoa): Not-for-profit organisations often utilise free or Open Source software with out new deal thesis, any knowledge of the many associated software licenses. (2008) Open source software (Community Net Aotearoa): Open source software programmes can replace or supplement commercial programmes. Software is available for american almost everything you want to use your computer for, including word processing, email, creating spreadsheets and essays ex-colored man, databases, and being contest essay, graphic design. (2008) Ten IT Cost Saving Tips for Not for Profit Organisations (Community Net Aotearoa): (2007) How to obtain a Web site and or Email. ISBN: 0-9582597-8-X (2004) . view.

How to get connected to the Internet. ISBN: 0-9582597-7-1 (2004) view. Understanding Domain Names . ISBN: 0-9582597-1-2 (2003) view.

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How to american contest essay, Write an Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience. The post How to Write an new deal thesis, Artist CV in 10 Steps is the most popular in the history of The Practical Art World. American Contest Essay? Some of the most frequently asked questions people have after reading it are What if I dont have an exhibition history? or What if I didnt go to school? For new and emerging artists, creating an artists CV can be a bit of a Catch 22. You dont have much or any experience to put on your CV, but to new deal thesis, apply for experience in being american contest essay the form of exhibitions, grants, and schooling, you are asked to provide a CV. Fortunately, there are ways to tailor what relevant experience you have into an artists CV format. Just remember: dont lie, and dont make up anything that doesnt exist. Just tell the truth, shaping it a little (creatively its what you do best, right?) into the established CV format. If you havent already read How to series as the federalist, Create an Artists CV in being american 10 Steps, start there. Below are suggestions which elaborate on some of the points, aimed specifically at professionalizing the CV of an artist who has yet to gain, appropriately, professional experience as an artist. Refer to point 1 in the original article.

As I mentioned, many established artists keep this section quite short. However, if you dont have a lot of other material and the authors of essays papers, experiences to add to being american contest essay, the rest of the CV, this is a good opportunity to tell your reader about yourself. Adding a very brief bio / artist statement can be good if you would like to talk about experiences which dont fit into about being a businesswoman the rest of the CV. If you are going to do this, just remember to being american essay, keep it brief and concise. DONT oversell yourself: you will look like a professional, dedicated emerging artist if you are honest. You will look desperate if you pretend to be something you are not. Example of bad contact details:

Sometimes called the worlds most famous artist. Email me! fancypants@yahoo.com Example of good contact details. Currently lives and works in Paris, France. Refer to point 2 in the original article. Many emerging as well as professional artists are self-taught, and yet for some reason the education section of a CV tends to essay about being a businesswoman, be intimidating for all but those who have a Masters degree. It doesnt have to be that way. DONT list any education on your CV that doesnt explicitly link to being, your art career (like your degree in thesis price biology). Example of a good education history, for those who did not attend art school or university. Example of a bad education history, for those who did not attend art school or university.

One hour workshop with Lynne McLaughlin. Informal classes with Tom Backlund. Has received feedback from being contest Geoff Parker. Bachelor of Science, Biology major. One way to add exhibitions to your CV is to list any which are forthcoming. If youve got something lined up, its perfectly acceptable to new deal thesis, include it on your CV before its happened. Just add (forthcoming) to each exhibition which hasnt actually happened yet. Another trick for plumping up your exhibition history is a little bit cheeky.

I realized this loophole when I saw some site-specific installations on a CV. After a little digging, I realized that the american contest essay artworks were installed guerrilla-style. In other words, someone made art and put it somewhere without invitation or the formal facets of of the series of essays known as the federalist papers, a traditional exhibition. Im all for contest, this idea, as long as it doesnt involve breaking laws or damaging property. Its a great idea to show your artwork (though, you might not be able to get it back), and certainly an on autobiography of an, artistic project that can be added to your CV under your exhibition history. Just make sure you classify it properly, as to not mislead anyone! DONT make anything up.

Example of being american essay, a good exhibition list. 2012 Site-specific installation, Alleyway , Vancouver, BC. Example of a bad exhibition list. Refer to point 5 from the original article. If you are an new or emerging artist, you probably do not have your work in any public collections. Luckily, its fair game to new deal thesis, list anyone who owns your work, including people to whom you have gifted your artwork. Collectors who own your work are normally listed on your CV as Private collection, followed by their location. You should not actually name someone unless they have explicitly agreed to being american contest essay, be listed as a collector of your work, and / or if you have some other reason to do so (for example, they are a very well-known collector). DO make a list of people who own your work, even if they didnt actually purchase it; most of these you can convert to Private collection, followed by location.

DONT put your Moms name on the list, or anyone with the same last name as you. DONT list a city more than once if more than one person owns your work there. Example of essays of an man, a good collection list. Example of a bad collection list. FINALLY, IF YOU HAVE AN ESPECIALLY SHORT CV AND THINGS ARE LOOKING DESPERATE. You can think of some creative ways to being american contest essay, visually enhance your CV: Include an image of your artwork (not usually recommended, but between that and ex-colored, the blank page, one image is better). Center your text with large margins. Being? Yes, this is cheating when youre writing an essay.

But if you do it properly, you can make your CV look visually planned and striking. Include an artist statement and CV on one single page. Often these are asked for separately, but if you are able to combine them, its a great way to confidentiality essays, make your presentation look great. 69 thoughts on “ How to Write an Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience ” I just LOVE your informative post, Fantastic advice!! Ill be coming to read this again for sure. Have a lovely day. Being American Contest Essay? God Bless. Nice. Always a pleasure to read a well thought out on autobiography ex-colored man post.

Hello, Im an emerging artist writing a CV. Your article has been very helpful, but I have one question. I am an being american contest essay, assistant for two artists one well-known in my area and one very well-known in audison thesis the larger art world. I would like to include this work experience in my CV somewhere. American Contest Essay? The local artist is a semi-paid position and essay about being, the well-known artists is unpaid.

While they are not exactly my mentors, I did take on contest essay, these positions in order to gain experience in the art world and learn about how to be a professional artist. I believe it would be helpful to have their names on my CV and I am very proud of my work with them. Being A Businesswoman? Where would you recommend putting these entries, if at all? Hi Bekah, I think its a great idea to add these to your CV. You can create your own heading, Assistant-ships, or something similar to list them under. I think it gets the point across that you are gaining experience, while still not explicitly naming them your mentors. Definitely include this!

I would put it under the heading Professional experience or even just a sentence saying something along the being american essay lines of: Assistant to: Damien Hirst (2004 present), Anthony Gormley (2002) A lot of new deal thesis, young and emerging artists do not have a lot of exhibitions to add to american essay, their CVs but it is worthwhile remembering art-related work (paid or unpaid) which was not directly related to your own practice, such as assisting other artists, or invigilation, volunteering etc. This is a nice blog youve got going! I am always impressed by people who show dedication to their passions and to confidentiality, their craft. Your blog reminds me of a women who is currently offering a very unique service by showcasing her skills in spray-painting. I implore anyone and everyone to being american essay, click the on autobiography of an ex-colored following link to see what she has to offer #128578; Hey thank you very much for this help, i really need it! Questions : In the exhibitions should i also include the title or something else than Group exhibition, location, date? My problem is that i had to american essay, much shows in one gallery and it looks a little repeating!!

Thanks #128512; Hi, its good to include the of essays known federalist papers title of the show if there is one. Very helpful for being american contest, the self-taught emerging artist! Thank you! How should I include online features? I have several features (interview, review, portfolio) online, how should I refer to of an, them? Also, what to do with features/interviews that are not in English (Im from Germany), should I include them as well? Online features are great to include.

You could list the German pieces with their German titles, and include english translations in brackets if you see fit (but its not absolutely necessary). and additional question under which category should I put online features? bibliography, publications or something like selected press? thanks for your help. so glad i found this!! #128578; just a question though what do you think of the more creative resumes/cvs? the being american contest ones where it practically looks like an artwork itself? I personally think it should look clean, readable, and not too unconventional then again, it probably depends on where you are submitting it! I have a business background, no artistic experience (at all), but a promising submission.

What should I do? I enter a lot of juried online art shows. How does one show these on a CV. Checking my blog kenben.org will give you examples in my about me. Thank you for new deal thesis, the great ideas for being, us beginners. Id like to get a little clarification on thesis venti price, exactly what constitutes an exhibition. I have had work for sale in being american several different galleries over the course of several years, but it doesnt seem like thats what is meant to be included under the EXHIBITIONS heading. I have had my work in a few short term shows (not in audison thesis price galleries), and Ive also just been juried in to show my work at contest essay, an important gallery.I think those probably do qualify as EXHIBITIONS, but its just a gut feeling.

Could you please give us some guidance as to what qualifies as an EXHIBITION. For example, does it have to be in a gallery or does a bunch of artists getting together to put on maintaining confidentiality essays, a show count? Does it have to be a juried show or is american it OK to count shows where they let pretty much anyone in? Does it need to be short term in nature, like a week or a month, or does having your work in a gallery for or contrast essay, five years count, and if so, what do you list for the date of the being essay exhibition? Whenever your work is exhibited, that is an on autobiography of an ex-colored man, exhibition. I dont know if there is one true definition, but thats what I think! I also think it is an acceptable rule of thumb for your CV. If you have work on american contest, exhibit for a long period of time, I would suggest saying ongoing for the date. This is one of the best, and easiest articles to understand,I would refer you to everyone.Thank you.

Thank you for such awesome and informative articles! I was invited to compare or contrast essay, apply for an artist in residence program (it was invitation only), and I was a finalist but I did not get the residency. I feel proud to be invited, should I add this to my resume? Certainly you should! Just make sure that it is being worded in such a way to make clear that you didnt actually complete the residency. This is super helpful, thank you!

I had a question though, I am trying to put together a CV [I am mainly an abstract painter] and I do have some experience and exhibitions to as the papers originally, list but not a huge amount. I do however have a small business making artisanal jewelry out of sterling silver cutlery. Through this I have had some press and many juried shows. Should I include some of american essay, that in my CV as well? Or just focus on the painting side?

I would include this on your CV, as it is part of your artistic experience. You dont have to differentiate between the two mediums or state what kind of work you showedyou can just list all the of essays known as the exhibitions together. Likewise with press. Im kind of wondering the american contest essay same thing as the yazılır business person in a reply a few posts up. American Essay? I have a masters degree in something that has absolutely nothing to do with art. I never took any formal art classes beyond high school, either. What Ive learned about art is from essay (lots of) reading and doing. I feel like Im creating a body of work that is relevant and has plenty to say, but my only being american contest, meaningful exposure is compare or contrast nasıl yazılır a reasonably active Instagram account that is being american contest slowly, but steadily gaining followers. (I have a dA account, too, but that ones not getting much action.) Moreover, for series as the originally, personal reasons that Id rather not get into here, I want to remain as anonymous as possible for being essay, now, and I would really like my work to just speak for itself. Am I just screwed, or do you have any ideas on about being, how I should go about this? Thanks very much.

This is contest essay very helpful as Im getting ready to submit works for an upcoming arts festival. Im using your ideas of naming instructors and the authors series federalist papers originally, private collections, A question I am self-taught, however, I grew up in a family of artists and being contest essay, writers, such that being around paint and other materials is essay yazılır second nature to me. I also plan on american essay, enrolling in school with the essay nasıl yazılır goal of obtaining a studio art degree from a local college. Should I somehow note these points on essay, the bio/CV?

Thanks. Hey Thank you for this great article. I have a question to ask you what if I have many art awards because I joined art competition since I was 12, how should I selected them to put on CV should I put them all?? or only the award I got recently?? Ive just graduated in art major so Im very new to compare or contrast essay, the real art world outside. Should I select only the 1st prize or was a winner? I would suggest putting the essay most recent awards, as well as the new deal thesis largest or the ones with the most exposure. You dont need to being american contest essay, put them all, just the ones which seem most relevant to your current practice. You can include awards where you were recognized but were not the winner, just make sure to indicate. This is extremely helpful.

Thank you. Echoing the essay about long line of thank yous for contest, this and a quick question Im primarily trying to promote myself as a painter and illustrator, however I work full time as essentially a creative director and graphic designer and while I think I probably should include it because its in a creative field and it relates, Im not sure how much to include and what to talk about. This is very helpful! I wonder how best to show my education, I went to University for a businesswoman, my BFA but did not complete my degree? I got extremely close but had to stop for being american, financial reasons. hi there all again.

Do you possibly have another useful blog like this about venti price, writing artists bios by any chance?! Thanks for essay, the idea, this could happen in the future! Thanks for thesis price, the great information I am an emerging artist one of my primary mediums is blacksmithing. I have done demonstrations as a member of the being american local blacksmith guild at essays of an ex-colored, our states agricultural fair. How would I reflect this on american contest essay, my CV. I also had my work on display/for sale in an attached shop how should I reflect that on new deal thesis, my CV?

You could make a heading called Demonstrations and include the info about the agricultural fair. Contest? If the works were on display, you could list that under Exhibitions. Hello there! This blog is confidentiality essays wonderful and this post has been most helpful. My query: I sold one of being contest essay, my photographs to a large, well-known company for use in a film, and I feel like I should list this but am unsure under what heading. Thanks for your help and maintaining essays, time in being american contest replying. You could list this under Collections as the well-known company is new deal thesis now the being contest owner of the work. Essays? Side note: since the piece was in a movie, its not a secret that they own it. Being Contest? If they had bought it for private display or collection, it would be best not to list them by name unless they have given you permission to share their information. This blog post has been very useful indeed, thank you.

I have a question relating to private commissions, I am a digital artist so technically no physical copy of the new deal thesis end product exists and as such, Im unsure as to whether I could list them under collections. American? I have done some commercial pieces recently but most of my work is about being commissioned for personal use how would you list this kind of being essay, experience on compare essay nasıl yazılır, a CV? Its remarkable in support of mee to have a site, which is beneficial designed for my knowledge. Thanks so much for this. It was a life saver!

I am president of my local art guild. Is that ok to have on the CV and if so, where should I put it? Wao! This is great infoi am an abstract surealist n hv been wondering hw to creat a great artist CV n dis is being american incrediblethanx alot. I was wondering if its appropriate to put in the pictures of the works you had done for an artist in about your portfolio. I have been working for an artist and had been doing many of his art works.

Do let me know before I request him for pictures of the work. thank you for this. Hello, I am going to be selling some of my work at an art market and wanted to include this on my CV. Where would this fit under? Also, just to clarify on american contest essay, the collections point-is it okay to compare or contrast nasıl yazılır, put more than one from the same state(or county in England). Thank you very much. What if my only exhibition was a senior show in highschool? And I have attended two colleges, do I put both of being american contest essay, them in? Thank you so much,I hv recently moved to audison thesis, a different country,and as a young emerging self taught artist,I have been having difficultie marketing myselfthanks again. Thank you for being, this its so useful.

One question: Can I include favorable reviews in my CV? I am self taught jewlery maker and have exhibited in essay about a businesswoman a few shows but I also have a regular stall in a local makers market. How do I incorporate my stall into my CV, and being american essay, also local shops that stock my jewellery? Should I? and about being a businesswoman, what about previous stockists? Reblogged this on Cricketswool and commented: Im entering the Ellarslie Open in Trenton NJ and for the first time encountered a request to submit an artists resume along with my work. This led me to a post on contest essay, The Practical Art World. I highly recommend this blog and especially this post to all artists.

hi there, thank all of you very much to share your experience. im a self-taught painter and not much art training. i had a bachelor in acting from a national academy, should i include in my cv under the being a businesswoman education? thank you a lot in advance best regards berkeley. I have an interesting situation. I started out as a fine artist in the 80s. Then I veered off and became very successful as an illustrator. Then I took off a decade to be an actor. I came back to illustration at the turn of century and had lots of being contest essay, success. About four years ago, I quit illustration and came back to fine art.

I instantly won a bunch of awards at high profiles competitions. Ive sold and essay, still sell a tremendous amount of work on being contest, my own and through an agent in thesis Germany. Ive always avoided gallery representation like the plague, but Im evolving on that. All of being contest essay, a sudden Im getting interest from several representational galleries. Im given speaking engagements and workshops.

And everyone wants a CV. Of The Series Of Essays Known As The Federalist Papers? Problem is american contest essay that though Ive been doing art for a long time, my CV doesnt look like much and I cant remember much of the authors series of essays known as the papers, my winnings and exhibitions over the years, let alone who owns my work. Should I be putting in my illustration accolades too? I feel a bit like a fraud. What should I do? You have no idea how this helped me! Your post was so easy to follow and had such good examples. Although I really have very little to american contest, put in maintaining essays my resume, your tips helped me make it look decent! Thank you!

Very helpful the comments too. Thank you for adding that part about guerilla art. As a new installation artist (Ive had two exhibitions now!) most of american contest essay, my art work was created guerilla style, but I plan to only add one very large piece I did in my CV. Compare Or Contrast Essay Yazılır? As you say, dont OVER play it. Being Contest? Thank you again for compare essay nasıl yazılır, this.

Writing the CV is putting a knot in my stomach. American? You helped me break it down simplify it. I think I can actually manage it now. #128578;

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Vigilance Awareness Essays and Research Papers. Introduction Brand awareness means the extent to which a brand associated with a particular product is documented by potential and . Being American? existing customers either positively or negatively. Essay About Being A Businesswoman? Creation of being contest essay, brand awareness is the new deal thesis, primary goal of advertising at essay, the beginning of any product's life cycle in target markets. In fact, brand awareness has influence on buying behavior of new deal thesis, a buyer. All of these calculations are, at best, approximations. A more complete understanding of the brand can occur if multiple. Adolescence , Awareness , Brand 1883 Words | 7 Pages. Interpersonal Relationship and Self-awareness. Introduction In this essay, we will discuss the importance of self- awareness and other forms of awareness in building quality . relationships.

Communication plays a vital role in developing any kind of american contest essay, healthy relationship, regardless of what phase the relationship is in. Ineffective communication causes an interpersonal gap that is experienced in new deal thesis, all facets of life and in american, all sectors of society (Bolton, 1987, p.4) Communication can be divided into two categories which is verbal and federalist papers, non-verbal. Awareness , Communication , Consciousness 1719 Words | 5 Pages. Two Short Stories Of Awareness Beyond Oneself:Araby And A Sunrise On The VeldAraby by James Joyce and A Sunrise On The Veld by Doris . Lessing are both short stories in which theprotagonists gained a consciousness that was beyond themselves. The main characters are both initiatedinto new realities and truths of which they were not previously aware. Both short stories will beexamined with reflections according to the type of initiation that was experienced, the nature of thenarrators, the similar. Awareness , Character , Existence 1614 Words | 4 Pages. St.

Xaviers College | Self Awareness | Emotional Intelligence | | Chrysella Vaz 728Anisha Salgaonkar 723Natasha Fernandes 711Daniel . Being Contest Essay? Pereira 717 | | | | Self Awareness is having a clear perception of your personality, including strengths, weaknesses, thoughts, beliefs, motivation, and on autobiography, emotions. Self Awareness allows you to understand other people, how they perceive you, your attitude and contest, your responses to them in the moment. We might quickly assume that we are self aware. Awareness , Consciousness , Emotion 978 Words | 3 Pages. Developing Self Awareness Introduction It is important for every individual to understand themselves. Of The Series Of Essays Known? If you can understand . yourself, you will understand others easily. Communication with others will be easier for you. Different self awareness questions, methods and studies can help us discover things about ourselves that we did not know. We can find about contest, our hidden and unknown sides. Being open to feedback from others can make us stronger managers. Managers with higher levels of.

Awareness , Case study , Consciousness 919 Words | 3 Pages. What is self awareness ? Self awareness is a way for us to explore our individual personalities, value systems, beliefs, . natural inclinations, and tendencies. Because we are all different in the way we react to things, learn, and synthesize information, its helpful to occasionally spend time in self-reflection to gain a better insight into ourselves. Why is self awareness important? Self awareness is important because when we have a better understanding of ourselves, we are empowered to. Awareness , Consciousness , Decision making 1458 Words | 4 Pages. Sexual Assault More Awareness Less Cases. English 1A 10 March 2015 Sexual Assault? More Awareness , Less Cases Sexual abuse is a pressing issue all over the . world and compare or contrast, has been for years. Contest? Sexual assault can happen anywhere? the workplace, war, home, on the street. Since the 1960s, movements to new deal thesis, raise awareness and prevent sexual assault have been made.

The statistics for sexual assault are way too high. In order to change these numbers, awareness needs to be raised and the proper precautions need to be taken. A Great Way to Care , Awareness , Child abuse 870 Words | 4 Pages. It all begins with AWARENESS Awareness is the american essay, first step in the authors of the of essays, the creation process. As you grow in the self awareness . process, you will better understand why you feel what you feel, and why you behave as you behave. Being American Essay? This understanding then gives you the new deal thesis, opportunity and freedom to change those things you would like to american contest, change about yourself and create the life you want. Without knowing yourself, self acceptance and change becomes impossible. Who is the being, expert? When we want good, solid information we. Awareness , Emotion , Feeling 643 Words | 7 Pages.

Decision Making and Self-awareness. honest feedback is not always flattering. Consequently, many individuals have a considerably low level of self- awareness concerning ones self. American Contest? . This is unfortunate due to the fact that self- awareness is an essential first step toward maximizing management skills. Self- awareness can improve ones judgment and help them to identify opportunities for professional development. Self- awareness involves developing an understanding of many dimensions of the individuality of an individual. Self-knowledge. Awareness , Decision making , Individual 1803 Words | 5 Pages.

? What is self awareness ? Taken quite literally, 'self awareness ' means to be aware of our selves. It is having a clear . understanding of new deal thesis, our personality, including strengths, weaknesses, thoughts, beliefs, motivation, and emotions. Self awareness also allows us to understand other people, how they perceive us, our attitude and our responses to them in contest, the moment. We are all different and so too is the way we react to essay about, things, learn and put together information. In order for us to gain a. Awareness , Consciousness , Personality psychology 543 Words | 3 Pages. Self- awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other . individuals. In philosophy An early philosophical discussion of being american essay, self- awareness is that of essays on autobiography of an ex-colored man, John Locke. Locke was apparently influenced by being american Rene Descartes' statement normally translated 'I think, therefore I am' . In chapter XXVII On Identity and Diversity of Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding he conceptualized consciousness as the repeated. Awareness , Consciousness , Mind 1452 Words | 4 Pages.

Observance of Vigilance Awareness Week during the year, 2013 The Central Vigilance Commission has decla red t hat . the peri od from 28 th October 2013 to being, r d November 2013 is to be ob served as Vigilance Awareness Week . The Obse rvance of the week will commence with a pl edge t o be admini ste red to all officia ls and staff on 28 th October 2013 ..This year the main focus of ob se rving Vigilance Awarene ss Week is Promoting Good Governance- Positive Contribution of Vigilance . A copy of. Delhi , Gh , Ob River 539 Words | 6 Pages. Barker Design and Development Case Study. which is the result of being essay, a lack of clear goals and a neat job description. Compare Or Contrast Nasıl? The redefinition of his objectives would help Peter on the one hand to become aware . of his core tasks as vice president of design and on the other hand it would increase his awareness of the quality of his own work. Contest Essay? At the moment he obviously does not realize that the essays on autobiography ex-colored, results he produces are inacceptable. American Contest? This aspect leads us towards another major mistake that has already been made in the past and has influenced Peters role. Awareness , Clear , Clearing 922 Words | 3 Pages. PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS PHONEMIC AWARENESS Ppt. PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS PHONEMIC AWARENESS INTRODUCTION Phonological awareness and phonemic . awareness are now used widely in discussion about reading but they are often misunderstood.

The terms phonological awareness is sometimes used synonymously even in academic literature, so it is not surprising that there is confusion about their precise meanings. Some people also confused in phonics and phonemic awareness . Confidentiality Essays? Although it depends on being phonemic awareness , theses term do not mean the of an ex-colored, same thing. Allophone , Morpheme , Orthography 643 Words | 11 Pages. Analyse reasons why it may be necessary to raise awareness of health issues. To protect the health, safety and wellbeing of everyone I care . for. Being? By ensuring that I identify health issues early I am able to inform the relevant people quickly and that will hopefully prevent the confidentiality essays, health issues getting worse, meaning that their health, safety, wellbeing and contest essay, quality of life is improved and maintained as much as possible. It is also important to thesis price, raise awareness to comply with company policies and legislation.

Activity , Awareness , Need 843 Words | 3 Pages. Health Promotion - health campaigns. Health Campaign The Measure Up health campaign was introduced in contest, 2006 and is still operating today. It is supported and funded by essay about a businesswoman the Australian Federal . and being american contest essay, State Governments, with the aim of the campaign to new deal thesis, target chronic disease, and raise awareness to the link between poor health and being, lifestyle risk factors (poor nutrition, physical activity and other risk behaviours associated with lifestyle such as smoking, alcohol etc.). The Measure Up Campaign is a good example of a health promotional campaign. Advertising , Awareness , Better 1033 Words | 3 Pages.

because the problem of the audison thesis, lack of social netiquette affects the community and people around us negatively. American Essay? We can help the community or provide a helpful . service by creating a solution or a way of creating awareness of the series of essays originally, solutions. That is what the project is being contest essay, about, to create solutions and awareness to audison thesis venti price, those solutions in being american contest, an effort to coax more people to venti price, use social netiquette to help the community. Being Contest Essay? The project also relates to Human Ingenuity because Human Ingenuity is essays, how humans have used their skills. Awareness , Etiquette , Ingenuity 723 Words | 3 Pages. participating in an activity. Outcome 3 Understand how to raise awareness of diversity, equality and inclusion. 3.1 You can . challenge discrimination in a way that promotes change by making sure you know your rights, your clients rights and also make sure that the client knows them as well, as you wont be there all of the time and they will be able to tell you if something has happened. 3.2 You can raise awareness of diversity, equality and inclusion through either training or discussion. Ableism , Affirmative action , Awareness 771 Words | 3 Pages.

approaches Positive aspects of a humanistic approach were missing from Freudian and behavioral theories Humanism was the initial paradigm . Being American Contest? Existentialism built on the respect for the individual and new deal thesis, added the being contest, dimensions of ontology, experiential awareness , and responsibility Has roots in contemporary religious thought Evolved to an approach helping people cope with the uncertainty and complex pressures of their lives Fritz Perls (born in 1893 and a businesswoman, received medical degree in 1920) is being american contest essay, generally. Awareness , Existentialism , Fritz Perls 1790 Words | 6 Pages. Foursquare campaigns to create awareness . Foursquare cooperates with companies to create campaigns for the companies. At the essays, same time, the . number of check ins also increases. Being Essay? They increase their check ins by giving people specials like free products and cooperate with persons or companies. In our opinion, this is audison venti price, also the way foursquare promotes itself. http://www.jeroenbeelen.nl/2011/07/destinatiemarketing-en-foursquare-6.html 1) Unawareness, 2) Awareness , 3) Knowledge, 4) Liking, 5) Preference. Awareness , Logo , Netherlands 1827 Words | 6 Pages. also helped raise awareness by making January National Slavery and Human Trafficking Month. California made human trafficking a felony in 2006 . and requires traffickers to provide financial restitution to its victims. Being American Essay? Despite laws worldwide combating human trafficking, it is not enough.

There are many campaigns to fight against human trafficking and raise awareness . The Start Freedom campaign is a dynamic project run in conjunction with the essay about being a businesswoman, UN that aims to contest, engage and raise awareness among people all. AIDS , Awareness , Crime against essays on autobiography of an ex-colored humanity 1216 Words | 4 Pages. Discover how Top Gear and Shell came together in print and online to create a truly interactive campaign that increased brand awareness and . usage of Shell V-Power. The Challenge The advertising team were challenged to create a campaign for being american essay, Shell that would raise awareness of new deal thesis, Shell V-Power and Shell V-Power Diesel. The brief was for an interactive cross media campaign that would engage car enthusiasts whilst promoting Shells products and services to escalate their perception versus their competitors. Advertising , Awareness , Casey Stoner 668 Words | 3 Pages. diversity as pertaining to american contest, race and culture.

Honestly my outlook on diversity was limited to the work place. The Authors Of The Series As The Federalist Papers? My diversity awareness was . affected by american taking this course in many areas that ironically were not related to essays, race. American Contest? During the course I was able to take a deep look at of an, who I was or thought I was. Essay? An important benefit of Diversity Consciousness is that it allows you to gain awareness of how your own culture shapes your views and ideologies about the world around you. Understanding how cultural impacts. Awareness , Communication , Consciousness 1643 Words | 5 Pages. succession. Then comes awareness , the audison thesis venti, direct insight into the whole of the consciousness, the entirety of the mind. The mind is like a river, . Being? flowing constantly in the bed of the body; you identify yourself for a moment with some particular ripple and compare or contrast essay, call it: my thought. Awareness is primordial; it is the original state, endless, uncaused, and american, without change.

There can be no consciousness without awareness , but there can be awareness without consciousness, as in essays ex-colored, deep sleep. Awareness is absolute, consciousness. Awareness , Bee , Consciousness 1309 Words | 4 Pages. What Are the Main Purposes of Each of the Services Chosen. What are the main purposes of each of the services chosen? There are five main purposes to Early Years Education. These are to protect and safeguard, to . educate, to identify and address needs, to encourage development and to raise awareness . Being American Contest Essay? In the service I have researched they will fulfil these five purposes in different ways. Price? To protect and safeguard All people involved in both education and care have a duty to protect a childs safety they have a legal duty to report any safe guarding issues. Awareness , Childhood , Family 928 Words | 3 Pages. listeners and why this occurs.

2 10 9 8 7 6 Some awareness /understanding of the contest, ways spoken language works. Some . awareness /understanding of the ways spoken language changes according to the relevant contexts. Response is supported by some general exemplification. Some awareness of the ways in which language use may influence other speakers and listeners. 1 5 4 3 2 1 Limited awareness of the ways spoken language works. Limited awareness of the ways spoken language changes according to thesis, the. According to Jim , Awareness , ConTeXt 302 Words | 3 Pages. number of contest, purposes. Use of about a businesswoman, questionnaires helps to raise awareness of being american essay, bullying going on the authors of the series as the federalist in a school, the forms it is taking, and being, the . effects it is having on vulnerable students. Without such awareness in school and the school community, a whole-school approach to the authors of the series of essays papers originally, bullying cannot take place. Questions that enable students to relate their experiences and describe their feelings are often the most important in raising awareness . Being American Contest Essay? ?The results of audison, surveys enable schools to identify groups.

Awareness , Bullying , Education 753 Words | 3 Pages. personality. The technique used in the therapy is being contest essay, very confrontational. Gestalt therapist will frustrate client to make the client more self aware Gestalt . believes that individuals have the ability to self-regulate awareness therapy provides a setting and opportunity for that awareness to be supported and restored Paradoxical theory of change- suggest that real changes can be made when we are being true to rather then we are trying to be who we are not. Gestalt promotes clients growth rather than. Awareness , Clinical psychology , Fritz Perls 1500 Words | 4 Pages. Evaluation of personal development plan. of volunteering and enhancing English vocabulary by reading books. But as well as developing another foreign language could be a big opportunity in future . and enriching communication skills. Understanding the new deal thesis, world of work Business awareness Business awareness is about the business environment by understanding what the being, job involves, its activities, which skills and attributes are needed to be successful.

And it is also important to understanding how the company operates. In previous work. Awareness , Communication , Leadership 731 Words | 3 Pages. of understanding: from unawareness to Awareness the consumer must first be aware of a brand or company Comprehensionhe or she must have . Audison Venti? a comprehension of what the product is and its benefits; Convictionhe or she must arrive at the mental disposition or conviction to buys the being, brand; Actionfinally, he or she actually buy that product: [pic] I. Awareness . If most of the target audience is unaware of the essay, object, the communicators task is to build awareness , perhaps just name recognition, with. Advertising , Awareness , Brand 878 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Topic Sentences 1 Advertising is useful and informative 2. Supporting details Giving information about markets to . consumers B. Paragraph 2: (2nd view) 1. Contest Essay? Topic Sentences 2 Raise Awareness 2. Supporting details Message announcement to public people C. Paragraph 3: (your opinion) 1. Topic sentences 3 Disadvantages of advertising 2. Supporting details Giving false information . Advertising , Awareness , Brand 482 Words | 3 Pages. Phonological Awareness Explained through a Case Study Foram Naik Brock University Phonological Awareness Explained . Through a Case Study Phonological awareness is the understanding that oral language can be manipulated and broken down into many smaller components (Chard Dickson, 1999). Manipulation of new deal thesis, sounds refers to being american, adding, subtracting, and substituting phonemes (smaller components of words) to audison venti, make different sounds. Sentences can be broken down into words, words into syllables.

Morpheme , Orthography , Phoneme 1643 Words | 6 Pages. driving injuries and deaths happening every day. A lot of these injuries and deaths are in states with lenient texting while driving laws. If communities in . the being american contest essay, states with these lenient laws helped raise awareness , people may think twice before texting while driving and also raising awareness could possibly lead to the chance to change some laws. Some people believe texting while driving laws make people have to hide their texting behind the of the known as the federalist papers originally, wheel, thus making it more dangerous (Masnick, 2012). Advertising , Advertising campaign , Awareness 1781 Words | 8 Pages. social and emotional development are; self awareness , managing feelings, motivation, empathy and social skills.

These all play very key roles . in a Childs education and how they begin and progressively learn. Self Awareness ; self awareness does not only display a Childs understanding of their own identity but how they recognise their own way of learning and taking in information. When considering learning when concerning self awareness its not only thats Childs individual way of. Abuse , Awareness , Child abuse 1618 Words | 5 Pages. the questionnaires. The awareness of Residence on being essay the origin of hurricane The questionnaire shows that 73.3% of the residence questioned is . aware of the origin of hurricanes. They agreed that hurricanes are formed in the hot regions of the world. The awareness of Residence on the development of hurricane The questionnaire shows that about 50 % of the residence questioned is aware of the development of compare or contrast essay nasıl yazılır, hurricanes. American Essay? Hurricanes needs a warm area to develop The awareness of Residence on or contrast yazılır the precautions. Awareness , High school , Jamaica 739 Words | 4 Pages.

have to sell the product cheaper than the regular price and the they could badly install the product giving EMR a bad reputation.-EMR needs a strong sales . record to do business with Camping World, which they do not have. Being Contest Essay? -Could not develop enough awareness in regards to the cost of the promotion in these areas -Customers might not want the product added to essay being, the service | 3. Evaluate the Pros and Cons of the distribution methods that are available to the company Distribution methods available. Awareness , Consciousness , Cost 1633 Words | 5 Pages. songs. By implementing inclusive practice from the being contest, beginning we identify the individual users unique needs, and can then listen and support the user in their . New Deal Thesis? wishes to being american essay, best include them in new deal thesis, participating activities Outcome 3 Understand how to american contest essay, raise awareness of diversity, equality and inclusion 3.1. We should never ignore or excuse such discriminatory behaviour any more than you would ignore or excuse someone if they inflicted physical pain on someone else.

Must be addressed because if you dont respond. Awareness , Disability , Disability Discrimination Act 1995 1595 Words | 3 Pages. the organisation you work for into disrepute, being held accountable for your actions and losing your job. Of Essays Known As The Papers? c) A description of how inclusive practice can . Essay? promote equality and on autobiography ex-colored man, support diversity ways of promoting equality and diversity is by awareness of own practice, organisational practice and procedures to follow there are formal and informal structures. Origins of discrimination: historical perspectives, eg oppression development of prejudice and discrimination Links between. Ableism , Affirmative action , Awareness 428 Words | 3 Pages. Comprehension Awareness The advertising pyramid is an easy instrument that describes the progressive effect of advertising over the audience. . This can be used to being american essay, set objectives for a single campaign on multiple levels or in new deal thesis, time for setting objectives for the entire advertising program. Level 1: Getting awareness If the being american contest, product or service of the company is thesis venti price, new, or after a prior analysis a lack of visibility in the market is being contest essay, determined, it is recommended to set an objective to increase awareness . This means. Advertising , Awareness , Management 629 Words | 3 Pages. Importance of Cpd Amd the Knowledge, Skills and Behaviour Required to Be an essay being, Effective Hr Practitioner. Individuals understand the organisation and american contest, the different functions within it. * Regularly practice leadership and seek feedback from managers. * . Promote continuous learning, by reading publications relevant to the industry to maintaining confidentiality essays, increase commercial awareness . * Understand and promote change within the organisation.

Leadership and Managing the Human Resources function: * Leads and Manages a team that delivers in line with the american contest essay, organisation requirements. * Support the HR department through. Awareness , Credibility , Human resource management 631 Words | 3 Pages. the U.S., along with 54,010 new cases of non-invasive (in situ) breast cancer. By a show of hands how many of you know someone whos had or still has Breast . cancer? How many of you have been involved or wanted to get involved with breast cancer awareness II.

Keep-A-Breast Organization is a great way to get involved to get young adults aware of Breast Cancer and of an ex-colored man, how to prevent the disease III. Contest Essay? I Started Volunteering with Keep-A-Breast in the middle of 2009 after I found. Awareness , Breast cancer , Cancer 832 Words | 4 Pages. Thul Eng 151 January 22, 2013 Anesthesia Awareness As the patient lies on maintaining essays the examination table it seems as if everything is going as . planned. American? General anesthesia has been administrated and about being a businesswoman, the patient has lost all feeling in his or her body, the ability to remember has been knocked out, and the muscles have been paralyzed.

Not until surgery is done however will the doctor know just how well the anesthesia worked on being american contest the patient. Anesthesia awareness is a rare occurrence when the patient is given. Anesthesia , Anesthesia awareness , Anesthesiologist 1027 Words | 3 Pages. leading to the adults exclusion who need to devote their time to their jobs and of the series known as the papers originally, paid, and not in american contest essay, voluntarily duties. Apart from this, it is generally . believed that teenagers and youth have a flexible mind who can certainly contribute to raise awareness . Regarding to series as the federalist, the addressees age it can be added that the being contest, fact that they are young guarantees their continuity in the project advertised, as well as their perseverance due to essay nasıl, their concern for essay, future generations. This is a change that given this. Audience , Awareness , Earth 1475 Words | 4 Pages. of Americas appreciation of food over the past decades.

This history lesson leads to where the social standing of food is today and essays man, how it is affecting not . Being Contest? only the people of America, but also the rest of the world. New Deal Thesis? Bittman attempts to display awareness in his audience by supporting his argument and encouraging his readers to see his perspective through three proofs of persuasion: ethos, logos, and pathos. Bittmans ethos is immediately realized simply through who his stature. Bittman has. Awareness , Consciousness , Ethos 1295 Words | 4 Pages. and choices available to the individual to allow them an informed choice regards their care 4. American Contest? Create awareness - Communication can be used . About? as a means of creating awareness . We create awareness by informing people what is happening around them. Making people aware may trigger some feelings and attitudes, awareness may motivate people or even establish and being, maintain relationships. Awareness makes people updated with the environment they are in. 5. To correct misinterpretation about information.

Awareness , Communication , Graphic communication 1705 Words | 5 Pages. the next 18 minutes when I do our chat, four Americans that are alive will be dead from the food they eat', this talk is new deal thesis, simply to create . awareness to being essay, open-minded adults that wish for a drastic change in the way they look at confidentiality, food and are looking to enhanced their children's lives. Question Four The first purpose of Jamie's talk is to create awareness , not just for the people in America but the whole world, showing the contest essay, terrible effects unhealthy eating is having on new deal thesis our generation and. Awareness , Nutrition , Obesity 2928 Words | 7 Pages. number of likely reasons to the business/marketing problem and recommend desirable courses of action that could be taken by essay management. Summary of . Qualitative research Previous qualitative research conducted suggested that there was a lack of awareness and of the as the federalist, knowledge among off campus living students in relation to the MUSAC promotional activities, particularly in terms of membership offers and student discounts. Research also suggested that regular gym goers had problems with the space and equipment. Awareness , Macquarie University , Psychology 564 Words | 3 Pages. really goes on when a person becomes trapped in being essay, this horrible act. New Deal Thesis? With awareness at being contest, a low, human trafficking is happening on a larger scale . in the United States. The largest hub within the essay being, U.S. for human trafficking is Florida and being american, California.

Enforcement officials are doing their best to put an end to this very profitable business, unfortunately other current issues take priority in our high schools. Maintaining Confidentiality Essays? Our public awareness and involvement is american essay, a must to end it for good. Our children were born in the. Awareness , Commercial sexual exploitation of new deal thesis, children , High school 1398 Words | 6 Pages. that through existential therapy Lisa can learn to accept herself in her own reality and by contest her own definition by facing her anxiety and redefining herself. . New Deal Thesis? Its important to teach Lisa about the role awareness has in the therapeutic process and for being, her to understand that by increasing her awareness in therapy she will be able to increase it in the outside world. Compare Nasıl Yazılır? d. Specific interventions to be used (Techniques, skills, strategies for change, etc) Provided that the theoretical approach to this. Anxiety , Awareness , Psychology 914 Words | 3 Pages.

anything shorter will now be deemed subliminal. Being? ACMA believes that this is consistent with the prohibition against maintaining techniques which attempt to convey . information to a viewer by transmitting messages below or near the being contest essay, threshold of human awareness . The people at ACMA must pay much closer attention than most when they are watching their sitcoms at night if they believe this is the case. ACMAs decision will inevitably result in advertising and marketing tactics that, while being technically. Awareness , Broadcasting , Consciousness 845 Words | 3 Pages. Phonemic awareness is not phonics. Phonemic awareness is an of the of essays federalist originally, understanding about being american contest essay, spoken language. Children who are phonemically . aware can tell the teacher that bat is the word the teacher is representing by saying the three separate sounds in the word. They can tell you all the maintaining confidentiality essays, sounds in the spoken word dog. They can tell you that, if you take the last sound off cart you would have car. Phonics on the other hand, is knowing the relation between specific, printed letters (including combinations of. Consonant , International Phonetic Alphabet , Orthography 1906 Words | 6 Pages.

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essays on apollo 13 “HOUSTON, WE’VE HAD A PROBLEM HERE.” 1218 April 1970. The Mission Insignia for Apollo 13 showed the god Apollo, representing the Sun, riding his chariot across the surface of the Moon to being contest, symbolise the Apollo Project bringing back new knowledge from the Moon. The two names chosen for the Apollo 13 spacecraft turned out to be very prophetic. The Command Module was called Odyssey from Homer and Arthur C. Clarkes fictitious works. Lovell liked the sound and essay, felt it was going to follow the dictionarys description of a long and eventful voyage. The Lunar Module was called after the being american sign of the on autobiography of an ex-colored Zodiac and american contest, star constellation Aquarius , the water carrier, at times identified with Zeus pouring the waters of life down from the heavens.

Before the mission, the crew had hoped that Aquarius would bring life back from the Moon. After the mission they were glad it did! Settling into the Command Module, the astronauts of Apollo 13 were an assorted trio. Lovell was a navy test pilot with 572 hours in space, including the first trip to the Moon in Apollo 8. Confidentiality! He had more time in space than any other human at the time. The other two were civilians looking forward to their first trip into space. Haise, a serious family man, had been a journalist turned naval aviator. He was recognised as a specialist on being, the Lunar Module, having spent fourteen months at Grumman, the audison venti price factory building the spacecraft. American! He knew every switch, wire and connector in the spacecraft. Swigert was a swinging bachelor with the reputation of an air hostess in every airport. The crew of Apollo 13: from left James A. Lovell, Jr, John L. Swigert, Jr., and Fred W. Haise, Jr.

Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery maintained by Kipp Teague. Two days before the mission, Swigert had replaced Ken Mattingly, who had worked with backup crew member Charles Duke. Infected by Paul House, a three year old friend, Duke developed German Measles the weekend before the series known federalist originally launch. As Mattingly was found to have no immunity to the disease, the doctors were afraid he might break out in a severe rash at contest, the moment Lovell and Haise were on compare nasıl, the Moons surface, when swollen fingers and american contest essay, sore muscles could have slowed him up, particularly in audison thesis venti an emergency. Because of the teamwork required by the crew, normally the being contest whole crew would be changed, but as Duke was already out, they left Lovell and Haise. The training had to be intensified to develop the new deal thesis teamwork required with Swigert in being contest essay only two days. The new crew spent many extra hours in the simulator drilling through the procedures. In one of the many strange twists of fate in this mission, Swigert had been trained as a specialist in malfunctions of the Command and Lunar Modules. As NASA Administrator Dr Tom Paine pointed out: Swigert practically wrote the book on spacecraft malfunctions. Ironically, Mattingly never did break out with Rubella.

The original crew of essay about a businesswoman, Apollo 13: from american contest, left James A. New Deal Thesis! Lovell, Jr, Thomas K. Mattingly II, and Fred W. Haise, Jr. Photo courtesy of being american contest, Ed Hengeveld via the Apollo Image Gallery. Apollo 13 was going to or contrast yazılır, be the first moon landing with a greater degree of difficulty than either Apollos 11 or 12. The target was the being american essay Frau Mauro region, a range of rugged hills 177 kilometres to the east of the Apollo 12 landing site. Frau Mauro was going to essay about being a businesswoman, be more interesting to the geologists Apollo was now going to be more scientific, rather than a flight testing exercise. Sunday 12 April 1970 LAUNCH. Launch day found light and contest, variable winds, with a maximum strength of 12 knots from the the authors of the series of essays federalist papers originally east south east. Altocumulus clouds with a base height of 19,000 feet covered about 40% of the sky, with cirrostratus spread over the whole sky above.

The temperature was 24C and relative humidity 57%. A perfect launch day. as received in Australia by shortwave from being american contest, The Voice of essay about being, America. Recorded by Colin Mackellar. 2.2MB mp3 runs for being 4:44. Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery maintained by Kipp Teague. Originally scheduled for 12 March 1970, Apollo 13 left Pad 39A at 1413 USEST 11 April 1970 (0513 AEST on Sunday 12 April). There was trouble right away.

Lovell: At five and a half minutes after liftoff, Swigert, Haise, and of the known as the federalist, I felt a little vibration. Then the centre engine of the being american contest essay S-II stage shut down two minutes early. This caused the remaining four engines to burn 34 seconds longer than planned, and the S-IVB third stage had to burn 9 seconds longer to the authors series of essays originally, put us into orbit. No problem; the S-IVB had plenty of american essay, fuel. Apollo 13 entered Earth orbit at 0525:39 AEST and went into a 185.7 by 183.9 kilometre orbit with period of 88.2 minutes and a speed of essays of an, 28,053.2 kilometres per hour. Translunar injection was at 0754:47 AEST with a 5 minute 50.8 second burn and being contest, Apollo 13 was heading for the Moon at 26,600.4 kilometres per hour. The CSM separated from the SIVB at 0819:38 AEST and docked with the LM at 0832:08 with television watching the action. The two docked spacecraft were ejected from the SIVB at 0914:00 AEST before being separated from each other. In the previous missions the about SIVB was sent off into solar orbit but for being Apollo 13 the SIVB was targeted to impact the essays ex-colored Moon so the vibrations could be detected by the Apollo 12 seismometer. Despite this problematic start, the being contest essay three astronauts settled down to on autobiography of an, the relatively relaxed trans-lunar coast life. The peace of Sunday was broken by an agitated Swigert calling Houston.

In the essay rush to replace Mattingly, he remembered he had not filed his Income Tax Return: How do I apply for the authors federalist originally an extension? he asked, Things kinda happened real fast down there and I need an extension. Im really serious. Youre breaking up the room down here, replied a laughing Joe Kerwin, but later Flight Director Glynn Lunney passed up the advice, American citizens out of the country get a 60 day extension on filing, I assume this applies to being american, you. Monday 13 April 1970. On Monday morning Capcom Joe Kerwin called, The spacecraft is in real good shape as far as we are concerned. New Deal Thesis! We are bored to tears down here. This boredom was reflected in the world outside a third lunar landing hardly drew any media attention, in fact all the American television networks ignored the special television show put on by the astronauts. At the Goldstone Tracking Complex in California it was a clear spring afternoon as the evening shift for Monday April 13 came in for a quiet spell of uneventful tracking. Bill Wood , C Shift leader at the DSS-12 Pioneer Wing Station: Pioneer, the half Coyote, half German Shepherd station mascot greeted us at the gate as usual, before we took over tracking the signal from the Saturn IVB. Ed Smith, the intersite microwave engineer, had the air to ground voice loops up so we could keep up with what was going on at the Prime site and hear the spacecraft and Houston talking. Things were very quiet, even boring. It wasnt long before this mood was to change, to change dramatically.

Tuesday 14 April 1970. At 1133 AEST on 14 April Lovell and Haise had entered Aquarius earlier than the flight plan had scheduled, anxious to check the pressure in the helium tank, which checked out okay. White Team Flight Director Gene Kranz on shift shortly before the television broadcast. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by american essay Colin Mackellar. At 1227 AEST, the astronauts put on a television show, exhibiting some of their gear such as their space helmets, sleeping hammocks and essays on autobiography of an ex-colored, special bags for drinking water inside their spacesuits. Lovell in the CM played music from 2001:A space Odyssey and american contest, Aquarius from a small tape recorder. Sadly, the new deal thesis astronauts did not know that their program was ending at the NASA centres, as the commercial networks had lost interest in being essay broadcasting boring trips to maintaining confidentiality essays, the Moon.

Marilyn Lovell and Mary Haise had to go to the Mission Control Center to see their husbands on television. Fred Haise takes the few viewers of the broadcast on being american, a tour of the Lunar Module, Aquarius . White Team Flight Director Gene Kranz (closest to about a businesswoman, the camera) watches in being american Mission Control, just 17 minutes and 42 seconds before the explosion. GET: on screen at top left, 55:37:11; GET of explosion: 55:54:53. NASA image. Astronauts Vance Brand and Jack Lousma (Capcom) enjoy the new deal thesis TV show. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. At 1259 the astronauts finished their on-board production with: This is the crew of Apollo 13 wishing everybody a nice evening, and being contest, were just about ready to close our inspection of Aquarius and get back for a pleasant evening in Odyssey . Goodnight. Lovell: On the tapes I sound mellow and benign, or some might say fat, dumb, and happy. A pleasant evening indeed!

Nine minutes later the roof fell in. As the astronauts were copying down a message from Houston, on a control panel just above them a yellow caution light glowed to indicate a low pressure in hydrogen tank #1 in new deal thesis the Service Module. Back at Houston the same warning glared at EECOM Sy Liebergot from the being american essay sloping panel of his console. As he had been working on the contents of the audison thesis price tanks he wasnt too concerned to see the light, as it could be a normal short-term situation. In the weightlessness of space the cryogenically stored gases could stratify into layers of different densities and being american, give a false quantity reading, but to make sure, Liebergot told Capcom Jack Lousma to ask the astronauts to stir both the hydrogen tanks, using paddles operated by electric motors. Normally this stirring was performed each day after the sleep period, but Liebergot wanted an extra stir before they went to sleep as he had been having trouble reading the essays on autobiography of an ex-colored quantity in the oxygen tank #2, so he suggested they stir the oxygen tanks too. Lousma: Thirteen, weve got one more item for you when you get the chance. American Essay! Wed like you to confidentiality essays, stir up your cryo tanks. Swigert answered Okay, stand by and at 1306:18 AEST flicked the switches labelled H 2 and O 2 FANS on essay, to stir the contents of the hydrogen and oxygen tanks. Nobody knew that inside Oxygen Tank #2 wires to the fan had lost their insulation from an essay, incident during a test two weeks before. A committee led by american Edgar Cortright, Director of the Langley Research Center in Virginia, was formed to investigate the incident.

It found the following events led to this moment of the maintaining essays Apollo 13 disaster. None of this can ever be verified, of course, because the Service Module burned up in the atmosphere on contest essay, reentry. The flawed #2 oxygen tank had originally been made for the authors of the series as the papers Apollo 10, but had been returned to being contest, the manufacturers to improve the electromagnetic interference properties of the new deal thesis vac-ion pumps. When removing it from the Apollo 10 Service Module the frame holding the tanks was dropped about 5 centimetres. Being American Essay! Although there is a possibility the jar could have loosened the couplings of the fill tubes, as far as the spacecraft systems engineers are concerned, this incident did not begin the series of events leading to the explosion in space. In the oxygen tank there were a set of tube assemblies in nasıl the neck of the tank to american essay, fill and empty the tank on the ground, and thesis venti price, a different set for use in space to pipe the oxygen to either a fuel cell, or to the cabin atmosphere. According to essay, the engineers the real culprit was a set of couplings in these tube assemblies in audison price the top of the oxygen tank which leaked during a Count Down Demonstration Test (CDDT) conducted on March 16, a test run to being american contest essay, check out the launch procedures before every mission. The filling system was working normally, but technicians found they were unable to audison venti price, pump the super-critical cold oxygen fluid out of tank #2 after the test.

Due to the leaking couplings, gas pumped in to remove the liquid oxygen was bypassing the being american essay tank contents and coming back out again, leaving up to 92% of the liquid contents behind. Looking for maintaining confidentiality a solution, the engineering team thought the quickest way to empty the liquid oxygen would be to boil it off using the heaters in american contest the tank. After discussions between the engineers at Kennedy Space Center, the Manned Spacecraft Center, North American Rockwell (the contractor) and the authors known papers originally, Beech (the manufacturer) it was decided to go ahead. They also advised Mattingly and Lovell, assuring them it would be okay as these tubes were not used to supply the oxygen during the flight. Lovell queried the essay implications of maintaining confidentiality, putting a new tank in. The flight would probably be delayed by being essay up to a month was the answer, so Lovell told them to new deal thesis, go ahead with the american contest essay old tank: “If you’re all comfortable with this, then I am too.” The original Apollo spacecraft worked on 28 volts of electricity, but after 1965 the Apollo spacecraft’s electrical systems had been modified to handle 65 volts from the external ground test equipment.

Unfortunately Beech, the manufacturer of the tank, did not advise the manufacturer of the thermostat of the change, so the bi-metal thermostat switches installed in these tanks were still the 28 volt models, so when the heaters were switched on to boil the series of essays as the oxygen off after the CDDT test, the being contest essay higher voltage caused arcing in the bi-metal thermostat and welded the contacts together. With the the authors of the of essays federalist originally thermostat contacts permanently on, the heating elements remained on for 8 hours, instead of being american contest essay, being turned off when the temperature reached 27C. This allowed the temperature inside the tank to climb to an estimated 538C. As the temperature gauge on the ground test panel only new deal thesis went to 29.5C, no one was aware of this excessive heat, which burned the Teflon insulation off the american contest wires in audison venti the motors driving the two fans inside the tank. The fate of Apollo 13 and its crew was now riding on the two bare wires sealed in Oxygen Tank #2. Perhaps the american first clue of essays, a problem in being contest essay the Service module was at essay a businesswoman, 0318 AEST 14 April when oxygen tank #2 quantity indicated off scale high, eight hours before Lovell and Haise entered the LM to american contest essay, conduct some system checks, but nobody took notice of it. But now, on board Odyssey , 322,000 kilometres from Earth, the relaxed complacency of the crew and ground teams around the world was to be suddenly interrupted when Swigert switched the fans on in the oxygen tanks.

When Swigert switched the of the series of essays known as the federalist fans on in O 2 Tank #2 at 55:53:18 GET, (1306:18 AEST on 14 April), some of the liquid oxygen in tank had been used, exposing the bare wiring. As a result a spark arced between the wires a spark in american essay pure oxygen sealed under a pressure of 6,205 kPa in the super tough spherical nickel alloy steel tank. It took less than 20 seconds for of the of essays federalist originally the resulting pressure to blow the tank apart . Being American Contest! shock the feed valves to two of the three fuel cells causing their failure within seconds. wreck the adjacent equipment in Bay 4 of the Service Module . and blow the external side panel out. which clipped the compare essay yazılır main antenna as it hurtled out into space. Langley Research Center estimated the contest explosion was equivalent to confidentiality, 3.2 kilograms of being contest, TNT, which would demolish an essay yazılır, average sized suburban house. There was nothing to indicate what had happened; no sound in the vacuum of space; no sensors to detect explosions. As the Service Module was not directly visible from the Command Module windows, the astronauts could not see what had happened behind their backs. Just a shudder from the spacecraft.

At Goldstone and being american, Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Stations the prime receiver’s usually steady white “Signal in Lock” light suddenly blinked out and the alarms began their two-tone singing. The servo operator immediately switched to Program Track (antenna under computer control) and on autobiography, the receiver operators began trying to reacquire the signal but were only able to american contest essay, find a weak signal coming from the series known as the federalist papers originally spacecraft. Alan Foster on contest essay, the Honeysuckle Creek receivers remembers: “The signal level dropped right down to about minus 140 db, I can remember struggling with it it was pretty grim but we managed to keep in essay a businesswoman lock. They also went on to emergency voice and became hard to hear.” Fred was still in the Lunar Module. Jack was back in the Command Module in the left hand seat. And I was half way in between in the lower equipment bay wrestling with TV wires and a camera, watching Fred coming down. Haise was crawling through the tunnel from the being american Lunar Module when he saw the wall of the tunnel flex, and felt the jar from the explosion.

He jumped when the master alarm suddenly howled in his headset, mixed with Swigerts voice from the Command Module yelling about a panel alarm. Now, before that, Fred being in the Lunar Module, had actuated a valve which normally gives us the same sound. since he didnt tell us about it, we all rather jumped. But it was his joke and we all thought it was sort of fun until something happened. It wasnt me! Haise threw back at Lovells inquiring expression as he instinctively dived for his couch in the Command Module. Swigert tried to slam the hatch shut behind him, thinking the jolt might have come from the Lunar Module being hit by something. New Deal Thesis! The astronauts knew a high speed object not much bigger than a grain of sand could rip open the flimsy skin of the Lunar Module and let their life supporting atmosphere vent out in moments. Though Swigert wrestled with the hatch, it wouldnt lock shut as it was misaligned. Essay! As they still had their atmosphere and audison venti, were still alive, they pushed the hatch aside. All three astronauts pulse rates shot up to over 130. It is interesting to note that days later, just before we jettisoned the Lunar Module, when the hatch had to be closed and locked, Jack did it easy as pie.

Thats the kind of being contest essay, flight it was. It shook the spacecraft and scared the hell out of me. I proceeded to audison venti price, look at Jim and about the same time I guess about two seconds had elapsed when I had a master alarm and a main bus B undervolt light. I told Houston we had a problem and proceeded to go over to the right hand side of the spacecraft to american contest essay, look at the voltage He saw the B bus voltage supplying half the power to drive the about spacecraft, drop right out. Haise checked fuel cell #3 supplying its electricity, and found it dead, so connected the alternative A power Bus to essay, line, but it seemed to thesis venti, be on its way out being american essay, too. A quick check of compare or contrast yazılır, fuel cell #1 showed it was as dead as #3. With only being fuel cell #2 left to drive the A Bus, the essays astronauts realised from the mission rules that landing on the moon was now impossible. American! At 1308 AEST Swigert called Houston with the now famous remark, Okay, Houston, weve had a problem here. Capcom Jack Lousma, This is audison price, Houston say again, please. Houston weve had a problem. Weve had a Main B Bus undervolt, Lovell explained. Roger.

Main B undervolt. American Essay! Okay, stand by, Thirteen, were looking at it. Capcom Lousma answered for the Mission Control team. In the Apollo 13 spacecraft, launched at 1313 hours (spacecraft time), it was 9:08 pm on April 13 . At Honeysuckle Creek it was 1308 hours (1:08 pm) on April 14. At Houston it was just after 2100 local on confidentiality, a pleasant clear evening. With three friends, Andy Saulietis had rigged up a telescope connected to a black and white television set on a roof of the Manned Spacecraft Center. Being American Contest! They were studying a slowly fading pinpoint of light approaching the Moon the Saturn IVB rocket following Odyssey , blinking as it tumbled along. While they watched, a bright spot appeared in the middle of the essays on autobiography of an ex-colored screen and over the next ten minutes grew into quite a bright ball. No one connected the flare with Apollo 13 they vaguely thought it was a defect in their television monitor. They left the rooftop quite oblivious to contest, what they had witnessed the oxygen tank on Apollo 13 exploding, and in essays on autobiography of an ex-colored man ten minutes spreading into being american contest essay, a gaseous sphere over 48 kilometres wide, glowing in the sunlight. Inside the Mission Control Center none of the essay about a businesswoman Flight Controllers sitting at their consoles were aware of what had happened either, until some of american, them began seeing abnormal indications coming down their telemetry channels strange readings from essay about being a businesswoman, temperatures, pressures, voltages, and the status of various pieces of equipment. They were overwhelmed by reports of loss of the High Gain Antenna, spacecraft computer restarts, random thruster firings, and being american, multiple system failures. It took them over fifteen minutes to essay about being a businesswoman, figure out that there had been some sort of explosion, but they were still hopeful the mission was going to proceed to a normal lunar landing.

EECOM Sy Liebergot, the Flight Controller in charge of the being Command and Service Modules electrical and environmental systems, was now squarely in the hot seat: Our data suddenly went ratty, some of it went static. I heard the announcements from the spacecraft and was already scanning my readouts. Nothing made sense. I called Kranz, We may have an instrumentation problem, Flight. Let me go ahead and check, which was my way of putting Kranz off, and he knew that. Rog. Kranz replied. Hear Sy Liebergot’s EECOM loop starting just six seconds before the explosion. He asks about the cryo stir, and then we hear a burst of static as lock is lost on the High Gain Antenna. We hear the team beginning to troubleshoot the problem.

This recording is new deal thesis, part of longer audio on being essay, a disc included with Sy’s book, “Apollo EECOM: Journey of essay, a Lifetime” available from CG Publishing/Apogee Books. This audio clip is also available on Sy’s website. Used with kind permission of, and with thanks to, Sy Liebergot. 1.1MB mp3 / 2 minutes 12 seconds. Clip starts at 055:54:49GET. Charlie Dumas (left) speaks with Gerry Griffin at the EECOM console. Sy Liebergot, smoking a pipe, is at american contest essay, right. From 16mm NASA footage several minutes before the explosion. Screenshot by essays of an man Colin Mackellar.

Liebergot never saw the pressure spike in the oxygen tank that caused the explosion: You look away, you blink, and contest essay, its gone. Thats exactly what happened. Essays On Autobiography Ex-colored Man! We were doing the being american contest cryo stir and I was just looking to the right of the oxygen tanks at the hydrogen tanks where the changes usually showed up first. About! Everybody was looking at the hydrogen, which was about two inches over. Essay! When I looked back the the authors known as the federalist papers spike had already gone. My backroom guys, Dick Brown, electrical system expert, and George Bliss and Larry Sheaks, my environmental control systems experts, were trying to figure out what was going on american, as well. To begin with we figured we just had a fuel cell problem and concentrated on that.

Pretty soon we knew the tank was gone, so I asked for an estimate of how long we had on the remaining tank. Liebergot had little to audison venti price, work on, only displays of nearly fifty parameters all showing out of limit readings on his console. American Essay! This was so sudden, without any warning, that he felt overwhelmed. No amount of training or mission experience could prepare him for of the series as the papers this crisis. Initially he knew that the two dead fuel cells drew their oxygen from the same source, and being american essay, as the third cell was still working, at first he didnt suspect the compare or contrast yazılır oxygen tanks. Being American Contest Essay! He was working on a Fuel Cell #3 leak, and on autobiography of an ex-colored, trying to being american essay, isolate it. Also, he was still trying to figure out why two fuel cells would fail. Then he saw that oxygen tank #2 was showing empty.

Its contents had all gone! Half the oxygen for the cabin atmosphere and the spacecraft power for the mission had gone in two minutes just vanished. They hadnt even reached the moon. All their training and simulations had always relied on backup systems to keep the mission going, nobody had been game enough to essay a businesswoman, introduce a complete failure of all the power systems into the simulations. Being Contest Essay! As one of the audison thesis Flight Controllers said later, This was so far down the line, if anyone had asked us to simulate it ahead of time we would all have said he was being unrealistic. I had all the feelings that went with not having the answers to the problem and not seeing any way out of it. It happened too quickly it was a cascading failure which means the original failure got masked by the subsequent failures it created. We were never trained for a cascading series of problems leading to contest, a catastrophe. About Being A Businesswoman! Thats not training.

It was like saying the structure of the spacecraft was going to fail. A minute or so after the explosion Alan Glines, the communications engineer (INCO), reported to Kranz that the signal from the spacecraft had switched to the smaller omni antennas, which was probably due to the side panel hitting the big antenna on its way past. The weaker signal combined with the erratic behaviour of the spacecraft caused the receiver operators at american contest, Goldstone and Honeysuckle Creek and the other stations difficulty in holding onto the weak, fluctuating signal for the rest of the mission. Then Lovell announced the voltage on the A Bus was beginning to drop. An uneasy silence fell on the voice loops Okay, Houston, are you still reading Apollo 13? Lovell couldnt contain his anxiety any longer. Thats affirmative, replied Lousma, We are reading you.

Were trying to come up with some good ideas here for you. He looked appealingly at Kranz: What can I tell them? Kranz did not have an answer. Maintaining Confidentiality! Nobody had an answer. Capcom Jack Lousma apeaks with the crew onboard Apollo 13 after the explosion. Astronaut John Young is contest essay, seated next to him. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Lovell couldnt understand why his ship was reeling drunkenly about the heavens. The thrusters were firing away trying to bring the spacecraft under control, but unknown to either the astronauts or the flight controllers at the time the explosion had knocked some of the thrusters out. Lovell took over venti manual control, but found no matter how he tried, he could do no better than the automatic pilot the spacecraft seemed to have a mind of its own, always trying to veer away from the course. He decided to look out of the window in case he could see something outside. As he swung himself onto the left seat and peered out, the american essay sight that met his inquiring eyes formed a knot in his stomach the the authors of the series of essays federalist sun was shining on a powerful stream of gas spurting out of the side of the being american Service Module.

Sixteen minutes after the explosion, at 1322 AEST, Lovell remembers, I happened to look out of the compare essay yazılır left hand window, and saw the final evidence pointing toward potential catastrophe. We are venting something out into contest, the . into space, I reported to Houston. Roger, we copy you are venting, acknowledged Lousma. In Mission Control a report of gas venting into space spread among the consoles like wildfire, and put a whole new dimension on the situation. Liebergot: I ignored that, I couldnt deal with that. I needed to go and find what I could do about it. Fuel cell #2 was still producing electricity but when Lovell looked back at the oxygen pressures again Tank #2 was still reading zilch, but now Tank #1 was only half full, and dropping! They were going to lose all their oxygen they werent going to have enough to audison venti, bring the ship back home to Earth! This was it! Lovell knew they were in trouble. But how serious was it? Was it only oxygen gas squirting out into being american, space? How long did they have?

He immediately sensed that their next moves would be crucial to their survival, and their lives would depend on maintaining communication with Houston, and for essays on autobiography of an ex-colored man that they needed power. There were only 15 minutes of battery power left in the Command Module, and that was needed for reentry into the Earths atmosphere. The Earth was over 90 hours away . Lovell: The knot in my stomach tightened, and being contest essay, all regrets about not landing on the moon vanished. Now it was strictly a case for new deal thesis survival. I had seen the film Marooned and I must admit that the contest essay parallel crossed my mind. He looked across to Haise, the LM expert and pilot, Were going to have to use Aquarius to get home. Back in mission control, Liebergot also saw oxygen tank #1 contents disappearing before his eyes the pressure dropping from 6,068 kPa down to compare nasıl, 2,760 kPa in less than three minutes. Two thirds of the electrical power generation system was dead, and there was only three hours of life left. Being American! Looking into the immediate future, he felt momentarily sick in the stomach.

He grabbed the security handles on his console to steady himself down. Was he going to be the first flight controller to lose a spacecraft and its crew out in space? In all my life I have never felt so alone, as I did then. I didnt have the answers. It seemed we were on the point of confidentiality essays, losing everybody and everything. What had to essay, be done before the Command Module completely died? Would this crippled combination of a dead Command Service Module and a Lunar Module only designed to go down to audison, the lunar surface and back with two people cope with demands and manoeuvres they were never designed for? There was little time left to being contest, make any plans. Everybody was facing problems that seemed to be leading to more problems.

except the Lunar Module systems people they were standing by with a fully operational spacecraft, powered down waiting to arrive at the moon. It wasnt long before they realised the Lunar Module was going to be involved. During the Trans Lunar Coast phase of the mission, the essays of an ex-colored Lunar Module was powered down to conserve power, except for some critical systems kept warm by thermostatically controlled heaters powered by the Service Module batteries fed through the Command Module. Now they had lost the power to the relays that controlled the transfer of the being american contest power source to the Lunar Module batteries so they could not turn the power on in the Lunar Module from its batteries in the descent stage. That was the first big problem to be overcome. Strangely enough a year earlier, on 25 April 1969, during an Apollo 10 simulation the maintaining simulation team had failed the fuel cells in almost the same spot, and the simulation ended with a dead crew. It was decided that this failure was a bit unrealistic and being, the incident was forgotten as the Apollo program forged ahead. Fortunately some of the more conscientious Lunar Module flight controllers had worried about their simulation failure, and decided to look into the problem. Jim Hannigan, branch chief of the Lunar Module flight controllers, assigned Donald Puddy to new deal thesis, pick a team to work on the problem. Bill Legler, one of the key members of the team (who had been present during the Apollo 10 simulation) worked out some procedures that could reverse the power flow to go from the Lunar Module back into the Command Module and energise the american contest power transfer relays.

These emergency procedures had never been completed and incorporated into the official procedures, but with the Apollo 13 situation these preliminary procedures were recovered and dusted off. They gave the Lunar Module controllers a head start. The engineer in the authors series known as the federalist papers originally charge of the electrical and environmental systems of the Lunar Module was Bill Peters, I had just unplugged from the console and being american contest, only taken two steps away when Bob Heselmeyer called out essay, Youd better come back here, I think somethings going on. I figured out pretty quickly it looked like a major disaster, and one of the plans in cases like this was to close all the being american essay telephone lines in and out of the Control Center so just in case I called my wife real quick and told her not to about a businesswoman, expect me home that night turn on the TV to find out being american contest, why and essays of an, hung up. At the Goldstone tracking station a team was quickly formed to analyse the telemetry information they had just recorded, particularly the last few moments before the explosion. Bill Wood , lead USB Engineer: We were able to read all bits up to signal loss by recording the data at a high speed of 60 inches per second and playing it back at 3 inches per being contest second. Then we rolled the chart paper onto the control room floor and counted the maintaining essays frames of data by eye to find out contest essay, what each parameter was reading up to the signal loss, and what things looked like right after the as the federalist papers signal was reacquired. My recollection was that the engineers found a pressure spike in the oxygen tank that exploded.

The telemetry showed the pressure shot up to 6,950 kPa for two seconds before dropping to zero in the next two seconds. Then Larry Sheaks called Liebergot to tell him that the oxygen surge tank in the Command Module was losing pressure. The surge tank was usually used for essay reentry only, but was used as a buffer to the authors series of essays known papers originally, keep the being contest oxygen levels steady. The EECOM from Milt Windlers Maroon shift, John Aaron, was quietly shaving at home when the series of essays as the originally phone shrilled. It was Arnold Aldrich, his office manager, at Mission Control. Arnie said Hey, John, these guys are working some kind of problem and I know your specialty is instrumentation patterns and they think this is a telemetry problem, but I dont know. So I said to Arnie, Go and read me some parameters off displays such and such, then go to displays such and such and read those out to me. He did all that and I said Arnie, that is not a telemetry failure there is no pattern there that fits. Tell those guys theyve got a real problem and Ill be right there. By the time I came in, I got in on the tail end of analysing what had happened there, and started convincing the guys that they ought to contest essay, power down the Command Module and save the batteries, because we were using battery power to troubleshoot the problem, and I knew these were the same batteries that were going to bring us home. That was pretty traumatic because the Command and Service Module was never designed to maintaining, be powered down in space and we didnt have any procedures to power it up from scratch.

Normally it was powered up over a period of days on the pad before you launched, using a lot of american, power. Forty six minutes after the essay about being a businesswoman explosion George Bliss informed Liebergot that there was only 1 hour 54 minutes left in O 2 Tank #1, when the last fuel cell would die. Then there would only american be the Command Modules reentry batteries left and they were needed for reentry. The unthinkable had happened and there was no back up or redundant system to pull them out of this one. They were facing a major disaster in space. Liebergot announced on the intercom loop: Flight, the pressure in O 2 tank 1 has dropped all the way down to 297 (psi) (2048 kPa) and compare, wed better think about getting into american contest, the LM. Flight dynamics chief Jerry Bostick was sitting in the Trench listening to the drama deepening on the console behind him, and began to confidentiality, think of getting the spacecraft back as soon as possible. Being American! He and his team soon discarded the immediate turn-around (direct abort which would bring them home in compare essay nasıl 34 hours) using the main SPS engine because the LM lifeboat would have to be cast off, and doubt about the integrity of the Service Module that is, how much damage had been done to the internal systems of the contest essay Service Module? Was the engine damaged? Even if it wasnt, there was no electricity to operate the about a businesswoman engine controls such opening or closing valves.

The alternative was to carry on and sling around the Moon. This was going to being american contest, take up to four days could they keep the astronauts alive for such a long period? That was up to the LM systems controllers. New Deal Thesis! The Trench waited for the Flight Directors to make up their minds. Ken Mattingly slid alongside Lousma and plugged his headset in. He wanted to help his mates if he could. Kranz said this was his toughest call on Apollo 13. My team was pretty much split down the middle. Being American Contest! Many of my systems controllers wanted to get home in audison thesis price the fastest fashion possible. By now there were two teams gathered around the consoles discussing the emergency and american contest, the chatter was getting out of hand so Kranz stood up and the authors known as the originally, yelled around the american contest room, Okay all flight controllers cut the on autobiography of an ex-colored chatter.

I want every member of the White team to settle down and get back on the voice loops the rest of being american contest essay, you shut up. Still damp from being called from a shower at home, Chris Kraft had arrived by now and joined the intercom conversation at his Directors console, just before thirty three year old Glynn Lunney was due to take over the next shift. Leader of the Maroon team, Milt Windler, also joined the nasıl group. Lunney had been discussing the return options with Bostick and an intense discussion developed between the american essay Flight Directors on the best course of action, ending with Kranz addressing Kraft, Our only real option is to go around the compare or contrast nasıl Moon. Chris Kraft, Astronaut Jim McDivitt, and Robert Gilruth in the back row of the american essay MOCR. Compare Essay! Behind them is the glass window of the VIP viwewing room. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Kraft agreed, When do you want to do the burn? The decision was made, and the Flight Dynamics controllers in the Trench breathed a sigh of relief and began to work out a burn procedure for a trajectory to sling around the Moon and return home.

So 53 minutes after the explosion, an emergency plan began to evolve. Astronauts Gene Cernan (left), Deke Slayton (coat) and Ed Mitchell look on as Jack Lousma sits as his Capcom console. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. I was already in a back room of the Control Center when we got the being american report that there was a problem. We were due on shift at about 10:00 pm (USCST) that night. The spacecraft crew were supposed to go to sleep and thesis venti, we were supposed to being, sit there and watch a sleep shift. I went in and plugged in with Gene; I knew the spacecraft crew had reported a bang and some venting, so there was a suspicion there was some kind of problem, but people still werent sure how serious the problem was. There were a set of the authors of essays known federalist originally, confusing indicators we had lost the oxygen in being american contest one tank so we lost the fuel cell that was plugged to it, and that fuel cell was plugged to the B electrical Buss. The RCS thrusters were split between main Bus A and Main Bus B, so we had lost half the thrusters which gave us these attitude control problems.

We became involved in closing off the fuel cells, one at a time, to try to isolate a leak within the fuel cells, but once you shut them down, you cant get them back, and I remember doing that as a last resort. We had a number of situations to of the series of essays known as the papers, deal with. We were on a non free-return trajectory. Up until Apollo 13 we had used trajectories that would loop around the Moon to return approximately into being american essay, the entry corridor. Here we were not going to come back to any safe kind of Earth entry at all. We were also at a point where it would have been very expensive in terms of propulsion to turn around and come back without looping around the Moon. That was considered for a while, but the of an ex-colored man only way we knew how to do that was to dump the descent stage of the being contest essay Lunar Module and use all of the Service Propulsion fuel, but the two problems with that were we couldnt power the Service Module up any more, we were only down to batteries, so we couldnt sustain a power load to run the Service Propulsion engine, and we didnt want to dump the descent stage of the Lunar Module because it was our lifeboat where most of the batteries, water and the authors series federalist papers originally, so on were stored.

Parallel with all this going on with the guidance people was what are we going to do to power the american essay Lunar Module up. Thesis Price! We knew we had to get it powered up enough to take care of the manoeuvre later, but we also began to essay, realise that the new deal thesis way the telescope worked for being american contest aligning the platform in the Lunar Module that it probably wouldnt work by itself while it was attached to the Command Module out in free space. We realised we had to get an new deal thesis, alignment from the being contest essay Command Module guidance reference system, the inertial platform, and transfer it over to the Lunar Module which was a lot of number plugging by the crew members, followed and checked by the people on or contrast essay, the ground. This of being contest, course happened some time after we got the Lunar Module powered up. We got the of essays known as the originally Lunar Module powered up but as we went through it we were trying to being, figure out what we didnt have to bring up because we knew we were going to be power limited and water coolant limited to compare essay nasıl, get home. The Lunar Module was designed for two men for being essay two days and we knew we were at least four or five days from home with three people. New Deal Thesis! We knew we couldnt stay powered up at these levels so we had to figure out a way to cut the power down. Being American Essay! We also knew we had limited amounts of consumables on board. We got the Lunar Module configured so it could do a passive thermal control.

Instead of a rolling manoeuvre, which we normally used, we rotated the vehicle ninety degrees every hour so we could get equal sun (heating) and cooling on the vehicle. As we could watch this on the ground the crew didnt have to worry about it. Once we got in that position we said were on this non-free return, why dont we trim that out and get the vehicle on the authors of the of essays known originally, a free return so if anything happens later we are least heading for the reentry corridor. So we did this 40 foot per second manoeuvre that put us on a free return trajectory. After that we began to try to contest essay, take power off everything that we didnt need and we began to lay out in detail the options for how big or small a manoeuvre we would do at seventy nine and a half hours into essays man, the mission, after we got around the Moon.

We settled on a manoeuvre that wasnt quite maximum but would get us back by about 142 hours. We had also figured out how to husband the american contest essay consumables. By the end of my shift about ten hours later we had put the vehicle back on an Earth return trajectory, the inertial guidance platform had been transferred to the Lunar Module, and we kept the Lunar Module reasonably powered up for the burn planned for two hours after we had turned the corner at the Moon. We had a plan for what that manoeuvre would be, and we had a consumable profile that really left us with reasonable margins at the end. Glynn Lunney (left) and compare or contrast essay yazılır, Milt Windler, take stock of the situation. Behind them, in the background, is Robert Gilruth. Deke Slayton is in the foreground. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Here’s a view of the MOCR during Glynn Lunney’s shift, after the accident. Panorama assembled from 16mm NASA footage by CM.

Gene Kranz and his White Team continued their shift for an extra hour before handing over to Glynn Lunney and the Black Team, and went to the back of the building to american contest essay, study data from the spacecraft. Kranz decided to step out of the Houston shift sequence and head a Tiger Team to concentrate on the engineering and audison venti, procedures to get the crippled spacecraft and its crew back home. The key thing here was I didnt form the Tiger Team the Tiger Team to a great extent always existed. Being Contest! During the Apollo Program we flew with four mission control teams, and one team was always designated as the Lead Team and in case of any mission difficulties it was that teams responsibility to establish the game plan, the recovery plan, do the trouble shooting and that just happened to fall into my team. We had many problems here we had a variety of survival problems, we had electrical management, water management, and we had to figure out new deal thesis, how to navigate because the stars were occluded by the debris cloud surrounding the spacecraft. Basically we had to turn a two day spacecraft into a four and a half day spacecraft with an extra crewmember to contest, get the crew back home. We were literally working outside the design and test boundaries of the spacecraft so we had to invent everything as we went along. There were many lead people, but the three people I would name were Arnie Aldrich who handled the checklist, John Aaron with the power management, and Bill Peters who looked at the Lunar Module and tried to figure out how it could be most effective as a lifeboat. There were no official procedures to refer to even the emergency procedures didnt cover losing all three Command Module fuel cell power sources and using the Lunar Module in thesis venti lieu of the contest Command Module.

At 1456 AEST on 14 April Lovell and Haise had already decided to climb into the Lunar Module, Without much discussion from the ground, both Jim and I decided to new deal thesis, head for the LM. Being Contest Essay! At this point we only essay yazılır had one choice and took it, Haise explained. Swigert was left to wind down the Command Module. The last oxygen tank was nearly empty. Capcom Jack Lousma told the astronauts, Thirteen, Houston. Wed like you to start making your way over to being american, the LM now Swigert replied: Fred and Jim are in the LM. Lovell had joined Haise in the LM, who was already throwing switches to bring the power up when Swigert yelled down the tunnel, Houston wants the LM powered up. Haise advised Houston, . and Jack, I got LM power on. GUIDO Will Fenner (green shirt) at the Guidance console as the navigation platform is transferred from or contrast essay nasıl, Odyssey to Aquarius . From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Swigert said he had never seen the LM activated so fast, but it still wasnt fast enough.

He had to being american contest essay, turn the reentry battery in the Command Module on to keep the navigation guidance system going until the new deal thesis crucial settings were transferred to the Lunar Module system. Just as Lovell set up a good alignment at 1513 AEST, the last Fuel Cell #2, died. Lovell: Getting that transfer was the first big turning point. The concern is evident on the face of astronaut John Young as he stands beside Capcom Jack Lousma. Behind him is astronaut Tom Stafford. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Houston told Swigert to close the american Command Module down. The power had to be turned off in a carefully planned sequence so it could be brought back up ready for reentry. At 1553 he turned off the last switch, looked around the lifeless cabin no cosy lights, no friendly voices from the radio, no gurgling from pipes or whirring of fans their cheerful home of a moment ago was just dark and dead 333,125 empty kilometres from Earth, and racing away from it at 3,380 kilometres per hour!

He floated into the Lunar Module, and said to Lovell and Haise, Its up to you now. He suddenly felt lost. Essay! He was trained for being essay the Command and ex-colored man, Service Module, a position normally busy right through the mission. Now he could only watch the other two expertly bringing the Lunar Module to life. The last few hours had been fast and furious, crammed with momentous life threatening events; now it was just waiting. for what? Haise said that he lost all track of time during those hectic five hours, full of rapid-fire events. Being Contest Essay! It was more like a dream than reality because of the jolt from the security of comfort and order to the onslaught of unexpected events and fleeting images and as the federalist originally, feeling very vulnerable to being contest essay, the hostile environment of empty space. Dead tired, he was the first to drag himself into new deal thesis, the Command Module to sleep soundly for the next five hours. RIGHT ACROSS THE CONTINENT, FROM PERTH TO SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA PITCHES IN TO HELP APOLLO 13.

At the time of the explosion I was operating the ranging system, which measured the distance and speed of the spacecraft, when I heard Swigert send his problem call, and then listened as the flight controllers sent a barrage of instructions up to the spacecraft, punctuated by terse responses from the american contest essay astronauts. Once we had acquired on the smaller omni antenna, my equipment was managing to keep locked on essay, the spacecraft signal, but my finger was hovering beside the being contest ‘acquire’ button in of an ex-colored case of drop-outs. At that stage we did not know it was a life-threatening situation, we thought it was a communications problem with the spacecraft. The first indication of the seriousness of the crisis to being contest essay, us at Honeysuckle Creek was when Mission Control in Houston called the Operations Supervisor at Honeysuckle Creek and asked, How long would it take to get Parkes up? Parkes was the CSIROs radio telescope used during the Apollo 11 mission. It was not called up for the Apollo 13 mission because the astronauts now used a big portable umbrella antenna for communications from the lunar surface. I knew the situation was really serious as you dont just casually ask to use the 64 metre radio astronomy antenna at Parkes without making high level arrangements with plenty of warning. In Mission Control the low signal levels from the about being a businesswoman spacecraft were causing concern.

Chris Kraft, Director of Flight Operations, We wanted to contest essay, make sure that we got a good telemetry signal, and Parkes was one of the places where we knew we could get it. Parkes isnt committed to this mission, Mike Dinn informed them. Oh, then Mr Kraft will be calling your Director on the phone shortly, Houston replied. Honeysuckle Creek Station Director Don Gray : Don Gray, Station Director, in new deal thesis his office at Honeysuckle Creek. Photo: Hamish Lindsay. I was sitting in my office listening to this conversation on the net, and in moments the american phone rang. Chris Kraft said to me We have a serious problem on the spacecraft; it looks like we are going to have to new deal thesis, power down and essay, will need all the compare essay antennas we can get. Do what you can to being, get Parkes up as soon as possible. First of all I called Tom Reid, the maintaining confidentiality essays Director at Tidbinbilla, to organise a crew to being american contest, go to Parkes, then I rang John Bolton at Parkes to find he was already aware of the problem and was prepared to change the antenna over to support the NASA signals.

At the Deep Space Station at Tidbinbilla the request took Station Director Tom Reid by surprise: What are you talking about? It takes weeks of negotiations between the CSIRO and NASA Headquarters, agreements and money and budgets. Then I got a black phone call , Hey look, weve got a problem on on autobiography of an, board the spacecraft this is a serious thing, think again about american essay how soon you can do it never mind about budgets and money. The contractors people responded magnificently, got themselves down to Parkes luckily the compare or contrast nasıl yazılır equipment was still there, it just wasnt configured. NASA hastily flew out Bob Taylor, one of the Goddard engineers, to be there, as he knew the system. Dr John Bolton, Director of being, Parkes. Photo from a 1967 ABC publication, via John Sarkissian. I was listening to the conversation between Houston and maintaining confidentiality, James Lovell, and contest, as had been my habit, had thoroughly digested the audison thesis venti price flight plan. I realised that the only solution was to occupy the LM and use its facilities. The very low power (signal from the spacecraft) and the fact that the journey would be in Parkes coverage time meant we would certainly be called in. I rang Tom Reid, the Director of Tidbinbilla, with whom I had an excellent relationship, to ask for the NASA crew to be sent in; I rang Taffy (Dr. E.G.

Bowen) to let him know what assistance I would need from Sydney; and then Charlie Chenhall (RP Workshop Supervisor) to organise supplies and aircraft. Fortunately Radhakrishnan (Venkataraman Radhakrishnan, Director of the Raman Research Institute, Bangladore, India) was conducting a special experiment on the telescope and a number of engineers were on hand. They dismantled and carried Rads equipment down the ladder of one of the feed legs, while Parkes staff used the lift to get the american contest NASA gear to essay being a businesswoman, the focus. Contest Essay! We accomplished in 10 hours what normally took close to a week. Bruce Window , Tidbinbilla USB Supervisor: It was about 6 pm. I was working on shift at about being, Tidbinbilla when we were cranked up straight away to get to american essay, Parkes in a hurry in audison venti a light aircraft, a Cessna 337. It was a hairy trip. At the same time the CSIRO had been given the american message and essay about being a businesswoman, they had taken their feedcone off and had started to assemble our feedcone. We arrived in american the dark, drove out to the site, by which time the CSIRO had flashed up all their part of the equipment.

On that first day we had got the voice but we hadnt got all the links through to Honeysuckle. I can remember holding the cable and shouting in frustration, I had the stuff in my hand but I couldnt do anything with it! Predictions were the problem (the information where to point the antenna), they were a big problem early on. We just had to the authors series as the federalist, rely on being essay, predictions from NASA. John Bolton and his boys had to work around them as much as they could. We didnt get any really good data from Parkes that first night. They were relying heavily on us because of the improved quality of signal they were able to up the bit rate by one step with our signal from what they were getting from the new deal thesis 26 metre dishes (such as Honeysuckle) that was why they needed us at Parkes. We worked 16 hour days. I was relaxing at home when I had a phone call from the being american shift supervisor at the time to say there was a problem, so I immediately went in to find that Apollo 13 really was in trouble. Next there was a call from the Network Manager in the United States to say they wanted two things immediately they wanted to activate the lines to Parkes, and the second one, which was a bit more difficult, was to compare, get some kind of broadband communication between the american essay Carnarvon OTC Earth station and audison price, the Carnarvon Tracking Station.

They wanted everything they could get. I worked out I still had a few friends left in the PMG (Post Master Generals Department) in Western Australia who could help us out. So, by 4 oclock in being contest the morning I dragged one of audison thesis, my friends out of bed, and he said, Oh, I think I have got an OB (Outside Broadcast) link we could use, Ill see what I can do give me a call back in an hour. When I called him back he said, Yes, Ive organised it, two OB vans will be leaving the depot in being Perth for Carnarvon at man, 8 oclock this morning, as soon as the guys get to work. There was no mention of money, or anything like that, it was a matter of lets do it and sort things out afterwards. At the same time I got cracking with the PMG. Contest! Because we already had circuits into Parkes, there was a probability most of audison venti price, it was still working. I called people out of bed and they found most of the being essay link was there, and pretty soon after the Tidbinbilla guys arrived we had the links up. Trevor Gray , PMG technician: We worked non-stop through the night to get the links going. After Apollo 11 we had trouble with the connections exploding when we switched the a businesswoman equipment on because of the high voltage and moisture getting in, so we had left the equipment switched on, but then all the electronic valves had deteriorated, and we were frantically trying to find the being american contest sick valves and change them before we could get the links going. Wilfred Laing , Senior Technical Officer at the Redfern Microwave Terminal in Sydney was interrupted by the phone ringing: It was the City South Control to say they needed Parkes up in a hurry.

I rang through to Parkes to find they were already setting their end up. Maintaining Confidentiality! Somebody must have had a premonition because only essay a few days before we had put up a temporary link from Parkes to essays on autobiography of an, Sydney via Orange just in case it may be required. Being Contest! We dropped everything we were doing with the state networks and concentrated on the Apollo circuits. Meanwhile out in space the astronauts found that as soon as they brought the Lunar Module communications system on line it clashed with the Saturn IVB rocket following them, as they were both transmitting on essays ex-colored man, the same frequency. Because the Apollo 12 mission had left a seismometer on the moon, the Saturn IVB was organised to crash on the moon for seismic readings, and extra batteries had been added for communications to last until impact. Normally, this should occur well before the Lunar Module was fired up. Being Essay! So with both the Saturn IVB and confidentiality essays, Lunar Module transmitters on the same frequency it was the same as having two radio stations on the same spot on the dial of your radio. Which one does it try to being, lock onto?

Bill Wood at compare essay yazılır, the Goldstone Tracking Station, The Flight Controllers at Houston wanted us to move the contest signal from the of an man Lunar Module across to the other side of the Saturn IVB signal to allow for contest essay expected doppler changes. New Deal Thesis! Tom Jonas, our receiver-exciter engineer, yelled at me, thats not going to work! We will end up locking both spacecraft to one up-link and wipe out the being american telemetry and the authors series of essays papers originally, voice contact with the crew. I jumped on the station intercom and strongly requested Bill Sheridan, the Station Operations Supervisor, to tell Houston what would happen, but they just told us to follow instructions. So at that time Houston lost telemetry with the Saturn IVB and voice contact with the spacecraft crew.

Luckily our big 64 metre Mars antenna was already switching over to the Apollo emergency and their narrower beam width managed to discriminate between the two signals and the telemetry and voice links were restored. So the situation stabilised from our point of view until it was time for us to hand this mess over to american contest, Honeysuckle Creek in Australia. Honeysuckle Creek was tracking with its smaller 26 metre antenna. Deputy Director Mike Dinn : This was where the ex-colored man receiver operators earned their money. When they fired up the LM, we had both signals in the same bandwidth and we had ten receivers that could lock to being contest essay, one or the being other and did!

Before the mission I had foreseen the possibility of our having to cope with the Saturn IVB and essay, the LM together. There was nothing written down in the procedures and I remember calling Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland, our technical advisors, to discuss what we might do, and we agreed there would be no difficulty in pulling the frequencies apart by tuning the confidentiality station transmitters appropriately. I was used to this procedure in the Deep Space Network in the early years of being, lunar and planetary exploration. Anyway, I remember that we acquired the two spacecraft and successfully pulled the compare yazılır two links apart. Then Houston asked us to tune the frequency of essay, one transmitter and I immediately recognised this would bring all the frequencies back together again. Confidentiality! I tried to talk Houston out of this, even asking Goddard to tell them, but was unsuccessful, and we had to carry out the request. The problems we knew would happen, occurred.

John Mitchell , Honeysuckle USB Shift Supervisor: Back when Apollo 1 had the being american fire, during the long suspension period that followed we used to hire a Cessna 210 and practice handovers and that sort of yazılır, thing. When Mike Dinn was looking for emergency procedures I put up the theory that what happens if the being contest Saturn IVB signal does keep going for some reason? So I proposed the theory of getting the LM to switch off and confidentiality essays, we practiced that time and being contest essay, time again with the aircraft. New Deal Thesis! I told Mike Dinn that this was the way to go. From his previous discussions with Goddard, Dinn agreed: I advised Houston that the only way out of this mess was to ask the astronauts in the LM to turn off its signal so we could lock on american contest essay, to the Saturn IVB, then turn the LM back on and pull it away from the compare or contrast yazılır Saturn signal. They came back in an hour and told us to go ahead, and Houston transmitted the instructions up to the astronauts ‘in the being blind’ hoping the thesis venti astronauts could hear, as we couldnt hear them at that moment. The downlink from the spacecraft suddenly disappeared, so we knew they got the being american essay message. When we could see the Saturn IV downlink go way out to the prescribed frequency, we put the second uplink on, acquired the LM, put the sidebands on, locked up and essay about a businesswoman, tuned away from the Saturn IVB. Then everything worked fine. In the left foreground at the servo console is being contest, Brian Bell, behind him is about being a businesswoman, Bernard Smith bending over the System Monitor chart recorder.

Along the receiver console behind are the receiver operators, Graham Fraser, Ross Barnes, and Jerry Bissicks. Photo: Hamish Lindsay, exact date unknown. In Houston, the Director of Flight Operations, Chris Kraft, came out and grimly told the media, This is as serious a situation as we have ever had in being essay a manned spaceflight. People around the world, already blas about moon missions, suddenly became engrossed in this gripping drama from space as the worlds media wound themselves up for this journalists manna from the as the federalist originally Apollo program. Everybody was wondering would they come back alive? Director of Flight Operations, Chris Kraft, speaks to the media at a midnight press conference in being essay the MSC Auditorium. Courtesy Spacecraft Films. With no power, the maintaining confidentiality essays Command Module lapsed into a dark tomb, steadily getting colder and colder. Beads of being american, moisture formed over all the surfaces, crusting the windows. Occasional flashes of sunlight through the windows pierced the darkness lit only by their torches.

Outside, a cloud of vented gases and debris gathered around the spacecraft. New Deal Thesis! Sparkling in the brilliant sunlight, they stopped any chance of the astronauts taking sights on stars for their navigation. The spacecraft was doing things I had never seen before. The LM was never designed to have a 27,000 kilogram dead Command and Service Module attached to it, so I literally had to being contest essay, learn to fly the vehicle all over again. Apollo 13 was the second mission that had deviated from the free-return trajectory, where the nasıl spacecraft would automatically sling around the Moon and return to Earth if anything had gone wrong. When the missions began to aim at the western landing sites the spacecraft took a different path and would not automatically return to Earth. Essay! Now they had to get back on to a free return trajectory, or they would miss the Earth by something like 70,000 kilometres. The only reliable engine available was the thesis venti price LMs descent motor, but that was never designed to push the combined CSM and LM, and there were no procedures to use it in being american this way or simulations. Although pilots are reluctant to new deal thesis, admit it, the computer can control burns much more accurately and american, reliably than manual control, so the astronauts waited anxiously while Houston figured out the the authors of the series as the federalist rockets burn times. Fred Haise calls Capcom Jack Lousa, to ask about plans for the return flight.

Starting at american contest essay, 059:17:53GET. This recording illustrates another problem caused by locking the IU and LM transponders to the same frequency. Bill Wood: “The GDS Wing was uplinking to on autobiography of an, the IU and being american, GDS prime was uplinking to the LM. That would have caused problems receiving both voice and essay about a businesswoman, command from the ground. While there was only one 30 kHz voice subcarrier from the GDS Prime, the american contest presence of two uplink carriers would have caused the interference that the crew was hearing.” Clip starts at 059:59:05GET. The headline on Sydney’s The Sun newspaper, printed just hours after the explosion, tells the story. Meanwhile Lovell and new deal thesis, Haise were wrestling with an uncontrollable spacecraft, trying to stabilise it and get away from the glittering debris enveloping them. They needed to see the stars to check they were pointing in american the right direction for the burn.

Every ruse failed. They could only hope the data transferred from the Command Module was still accurate enough. Roger, Aquarius, You are go for the burn, Capcom Lousma finally announced. Haise commented, This was yet untried. I knew, of course, that if we failed to blast into the free return trajectory we were doomed to swing around the Moon, miss the Earth, and go into eternal orbit around it. First of on autobiography ex-colored man, all Lovell had to remember to unfold the essay Lunar Modules legs so they wouldnt get blasted by the descent rockets exhaust.

Then he carefully followed the burn procedures radioed up from Houston, hunched over the computer display with his hand on the throttle control. At 1842:43 AEST Tuesday 14 April the engine burned for 34.23 seconds, just over the scheduled 30 seconds. Auto shutdown. Lovell advised Houston and everyone hung anxiously onto the trajectory displays. Was the Lunar Modules motor able to do the job? Was Apollo 13 coming home? Soon the tracking data showed that the burn was perfect. Apollo 13 was going to confidentiality, round the american contest essay moon at about 209 kilometres instead of 97 kilometres above the surface and would return to Earth . into the Indian Ocean. Any old ocean would do as long as it was on the Earth, announced a relieved Lovell. A long way away from the main recovery forces waiting for about them in the Pacific, but at least it was back on Earth. The nearest American ship was the destroyer Bordelon , cruising off the coast of Mauritius, but the being American Department of Defense sent assurances they could get aircraft to the area. Due to compare or contrast essay, the growing confidence in the Apollo program, this was the first time mission secondary recovery forces had not been sent to the South Atlantic, let alone the Indian Ocean. Lovell checked around the instrument panels, and announced the next major item on his mind: Okay, Houston, burns complete.

Now we have to talk about powering down. The next big problem were the consumables it wasnt much good the spacecraft arriving back on essay, Earth with the maintaining essays astronauts dead from asphyxiation. The Lunar Module was only designed for being essay two people for 45 hours, now it was going to have to support three bodies jammed in it for 90 hours. There just wasnt enough water or power to last the voyage back to Earth. Lovell figured that the earliest they could get back would be around midnight on new deal thesis, Friday; and he couldnt see how it could possibly keep them going that long.

In the Lunar Module Haise was looking at the situation. Being American Contest! There was plenty of oxygen but the series federalist electrical power and cooling water worried him. The LM had no fuel cells, only batteries for two days of normal operation, and the water used for cooling the being american contest essay electronic systems would run out about 5 hours before reentry by his calculations. Earlier tests had shown that the Lunar Module could survive for about 7 hours without cooling before the compare essay yazılır guidance system would be the first to succumb to american contest essay, the heat. Haise waited for Mission Controls assessment. The Tiger Team at Mission Control knuckled down to working out how to cut all consumables down to a basic existence level.

We gathered up in the back room with Kranz because there was nothing for the Command and nasıl yazılır, Service Module guys to do in real time on the consoles because the spacecraft was dead. Kranz started talking about the strategy, what we were going to do going around the Moon and when we get back close to Earth we will power the being essay spacecraft up and do the the authors of the known originally reentry. and I said, Kranz you cant do that because you dont have the power and he said, Okay John Aaron, youre in charge of power if anybody wants any power you go and see John Aaron. So I said, Tell you what guys, Ive got some ideas, but let me put them down a piece of paper and come back in american an hour and or contrast essay yazılır, Ill show you a way we might be able to american contest, do this. So they came back in audison thesis venti about an contest, hour, and essay about a businesswoman, I had sketched out a rough profile and I told them, Okay guys, this is all the power weve got so well have to do the being american contest guidance system and all this stuff this way. and of the series known as the, everybody started saying Oh my God, you cant do that - weve got to being essay, have this, weve got to audison thesis price, have that and that started a whole sequence of the brokerage process between me allocating subsystems and switch turn-ons and circuit breakers and essay, keeping track of the power profile. Compare Yazılır! That went on until we got very close to reentry, and it started taking on more and contest, more refinement, until it finally got to of the federalist originally, the point that a crew started trying it in the simulators just to make sure these guys could actually do that. It was an endless iteration of american contest essay, brokerages across those days, and you have to remember all the power analysis was done on arithmetic and slide rules we never had any calculators. Bill Peters, Lunar Module TELMU, or electrical and being a businesswoman, environmental systems engineer, We had developed some off-line computer programs that gave a time line power profile output. We were running a load of anything up to 30 amps with the being american contest essay computers up, and there was no way we could get back with that sort of load. I figured if we could get down to on autobiography of an, about 12 amps we would be okay. American Contest Essay! We only knew this from our ground computations. Actually we had an error in our ground computation that under calculated so those batteries were consuming more than we had calculated.

The first time I felt we could make it home was when we went around the Moon and did the real LM power down and the numbers came up on the screen. Before that there was a possibility they would not make it. Once we hit the 12 amps I was convinced we had it made. Originally! We had very little powered up, only being american contest essay some communication equipment and the cabin fan to circulate the air. John Aaron came to me and wanted me to charge up the new deal thesis reentry batteries in the Command Module. We had concocted a scheme where we ran two CSM to LM umbilical cables backwards they were designed for the CSM to send power to the LM to heaters to keep some components warm while travelling to the Moon. Being American! This powered the Command Modules inverters to charge its batteries. I gave them all the essays on autobiography of an man fat that I could come up with, as much power as I felt we could afford. On Earth emergency teams swung into action around the country, from California to contest, New York, where there were 10 phone lines kept open between Mission Control and a room staffed with 70 Lunar Module experts at the manufacturers plant in Bethpage, Long Island.

On 14 April the US Senate adopted a resolution urging all communications media and businesses to pause at 2100, their local time, to permit persons to join in prayer for thesis venti the safety of the astronauts. On the same day President Nixon cancelled his appointments and drove out to the Goddard Space Flight Centre in Maryland, accompanied by Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, at the time Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs, to find out the details of how the mission was progressing. Despite the Cold War, the Russians ordered four ships to the splashdown area, and Premier Aleksei Kosygin sent a message, I want to inform you the Soviet Government has given orders to being, all citizens and the authors of the series of essays as the papers, members of the armed forces to use all necessary means to render assistance in the rescue of the American astronauts. 6 min 47s / 1.4MB mp3. This is 12 hours after the explosion and the comms is now much better. Starting at 066:35GET.

Wednesday 15 April 1970. By 1520 on 15 April the crew in the crippled spacecraft had followed the ground instructions. Lovell, We shut off all those exotic electronic devices that we would not normally be caught without out there the guidance systems, the computer, the auto pilot. We only had the radio for communications and a little fan to circulate the atmosphere. For most of the first two days after the explosion we split shifts . I was awake in the LM alone while Jim and being american contest essay, Jack slept in the CSM and series of essays as the federalist papers originally, vice versa. Essay! So there was no crowding during that period. It finally became so cold that we all just stayed in the LM. In zero G, though crowded, it was just a soft nudge if you happened to bump into someone. Most of the time Jack floated in the back area of the LM crew cabin out of the way, so the area was really not that confining. And it was good to have the three of us together in the same vehicle. The added ‘heat of the about third body’ helped to raise the temperature in the LM. The moonlight was flooding into the spacecrafts interior and the astronauts were able to contest, put their torches away.

They had cut their consumption of new deal thesis, water down to 170 grams per day. As Houston told them to save the being american essay Lunar Modules water for cooling, Lovell told Swigert to transfer all the drinking water from the Command Module to the Lunar Module, which he did using plastic juice bags, but he sloshed some of the water into his boots, and suffered the misery of cold wet feet for about the rest of the trip. Being American! They ate cold hot dogs and wet pack foods, when they ate at all, the Command Module having the only water heating system. All the food and drinks were cold refrigerator cold! They didnt get very thirsty and became quite dehydrated. This crew set a record by losing 50% more weight than any other crew, Lovell losing 6 kilograms. As Apollo 13 approached the backside of the Moon the Sun set behind the rim. Series Of Essays Known Papers Originally! An eerie darkness enveloped the spacecraft.

The glinting, blinding debris surrounding them vanished and the surrounding velvet blackness was studded with an being american, illimitable sea of bright stars stars in every direction. Of The Series Of Essays Known As The Papers! The thick band of stars making up the Milky Way stretched across the void. The crew then became aware some of the stars were blotted out by contest essay two sinister black clouds accompanying the spacecraft. Lovell, I cant for the life of audison thesis venti, me figure out what that dark stuff is. Haise, Yes did you look at being american, it, Jack? Swigert, Yes, okay. see it there like two black clouds. They decided it was the series of essays known papers debris from the explosion. They became subdued as they remembered the crisis-laden moments of the explosion until a voice from Earth broke the spell, Go ahead Houston. Okay, Jim, we have a little over two minutes until loss of signal and everythings looking good here. Vance Brands matter-of-fact voice from the security of the being contest Mission Control Center showed he was unaware of the mood in of the known federalist papers originally the spacecrafts cabin. Roger, I take it you dont want us to activate any other systems or make any other preparations until we reacquire signal? Lovell checked. Okay, well just sit tight, then.

See you on the other side. Apollo 13 rounds the Moon. View from Aquarius, with the Command Module at right. NASA JSC scan via the ALSJ. AS13-62-8909.

APOLLO 13 SETS A RECORD, TAKING HUMANS TO THE GREATEST DISTANCE FROM EARTH. At 1021:35 AEST on Wednesday 15 April (GET 77:08:35) Apollo 13 coasted behind the Moon and lost contact with the essay tracking stations on audison thesis venti price, Earth for contest essay about 24 minutes 35 seconds. As they looped around the compare or contrast essay back of the Moon, at a maximum height of 253.7 kilometres above the lunar surface, the Moon was 400,171 kilometres away from the Earth, further than any other Apollo mission. According to the Guinness Book of Records at this point Lovell, Swigert, and Haise set a record as the humans to travel the farthest away from Earth. The crew lost the crescent sunlit edge of the Moon behind them and flew over a totally black lunar surface until about five minutes before Earthrise a glow appeared on the lunar horizon. Haise saw it first, then Lovell moved back to let Swigert see the view through the american contest essay window. While Lovell hovered at maintaining essays, the back of the cabin the two first timers were glued to the Command Modules windows, gazing in awe at the grim and desolate landscape of chaotic craters and torturous rilles, taking photographs and exclaiming, Wow, look at that! Hey, you guys come on weve got a burn to do. If we dont get this right you wont get your pictures developed! Lovell had seen it all before on Apollo 8. Its all right for you youve been here before we havent. They still couldnt take their eyes from the passing spectacle. Mare Moscoviense. View from Aquarius . AS13-62-8922. From the Apollo Image Atlas of the Lunar and Planetary Institute.

After reacquiring the tracking stations on essay, Earth at new deal thesis, 1046:10 AEST the crew began to prepare for the Lunar Modules descent rocket firing to bring them home faster. AOS. Starting at contest essay, 077:35:39GET. While they were waiting for the burn, Houston called up, By the way, Aquarius, we see the results of Apollo 12s seismometer. Looks like your third stage just hit the moon, and its rocking it a little bit. Lovell answered, Well, at least something worked on this flight. Sure glad we didnt have a LM impact too! The Saturn IVB smashed into the lunar surface at the authors of essays as the originally, 1109:40 AEST 15 April, 140 kilometres west north west of the Apollo 12 seismometer with a force equal to 11 tonnes of being contest essay, TNT. Dr. Gary Latham, principal investigator of the experiment, commented: The Apollo 12 Lunar Modules signal only audison thesis venti lasted for about 55 minutes.

This signal (from the Apollo 13 Saturn IVB) arrived about 30 seconds after impact, the being american peak amplitude was a factor of 20 to 30 times larger than the LM, and lasted for 4 hours, which was astounding to us. Choosing the safest option of the three available, one that did not require the Service Module to be dropped off, but took the longest time, Houston told the crew they could shorten the trip by of the known federalist originally 10 hours with a PC+2 burn, or a burn 2 hours after Pericynthion, the closest point they would come to the Moon. It would also bring them down in the Pacific Ocean the original target where all the recovery forces were. Unfortunately at this point there was a tropical storm Helen threatening the being essay area, and new deal thesis, they were considering an alternate landing spot. Due to the software in the LM not being able to accommodate the attached dead bulk of the CSM, Lovell had to being american, fire the engine manually. At 1240:39 AEST on Wednesday afternoon Swigert sat on the ascent engine cover during the 4 minute 23 second Trans Earth Insertion (TEI), or PC+2 burn, which increased their speed by 966 kilometres per essays ex-colored hour: Now we were really on our way home, I felt much better about our chances, he said. As heard live via the contest Voice of America, Rhett Turner reporting.

79:28GET. Now it became a matter of waiting. And how the time dragged! It was very quiet . very quiet. And suddenly when there was nothing to do and youre in a tight spot thats bad news, because you start thinking about the tight situation youre in and you want something to confidentiality, do! In the computer room at american contest essay, Honeysuckle Creek it was anything but quiet. Geoff Seymour , Computer Supervising Engineer: We had an intermittent hardware problem in the telemetry computer. Of Essays As The Federalist Papers! Prior to the launch we had experienced this problem and at one stage they were anticipating delaying the launch until we could fix the problem, but the computer managed to stay up long enough for the launch to go ahead. Round about the being contest time of the explosion the essays same computer began to contest, fail again, which put the pressure on us because they needed the ability to compare essay, send commands up to the spacecraft, and to receive the telemetry down, they needed both computers up. We began to troubleshoot this computer and managed to being essay, narrow it down to three printed circuit boards on one chassis.

We replaced those, but it didnt solve the problem. I stayed on site, sleeping in one of the bedrooms below until we fixed it. As the of the series of essays known as the originally spacecraft rounded the moon and was coming back the contest NASA engineers decided to ship out essay about, a chassis from the computer in the training facility in american contest essay Goddard and strapped it into a first class seat on an airliner. We believed we could fix it before the chassis arrived from the new deal thesis States. The only thing left for contest essay us to do was to take the essays on autobiography ex-colored chassis out of the computer and we removed several hundred printed circuit boards, we cleaned every socket in the chassis, we cleaned every pin on every printed circuit board we could remove we put it all back in, and essay, from that day onwards the intermittent problem just went away. Early on of an ex-colored, Wednesday morning out in space a new development threatened the astronauts. A light warned them that the carbon dioxide had built up to a dangerous level, and in the confines of the Lunar Module they would have eventually gone to sleep and died, poisoned by being contest their own breath. On Monday night Chief of the Crew Systems Division at Houston, Ed Smylie, had already figured out there would be a carbon dioxide problem and had worked out a crude, but effective solution in about a businesswoman his head. He joined his assistant, Jim Correale, to work out a system to join the Command Modules square lithium canisters, which clean the carbon dioxide from the air, to the Lunar Modules round system using only the materials available on board such as tape, plastic, and cardboard. Astronaut Tony England verified the essay procedure by successfully putting one together by oral instructions only. Smylie carried his contraption into Mission Control and left it on the Capcoms console.

The carbon dioxide reading for a healthy atmosphere was normally about venti 2 or 3 millimetres of mercury but now it was reading 13, and 15 was the recognised limit before the first signs of poisoning became evident. When he was ready Capcom Joe Kerwin called up the spacecraft, and read the american instructions as the crew began to assemble the canisters at around 0330 on on autobiography of an ex-colored, 15 April. Lovell: Jack and I put it together it wasnt very handsome, but it worked. Jack Swigert (right) and Jim Lovell (left) work on being american, the carbon dioxide solution. Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery. Or Contrast Nasıl Yazılır! AS13-62-9004. In the Australian Senate, Apollo 13 caused enough concern to be raised as questions on April 15 and April 16. Senator Anderson, It is interesting to be able to tell the Senate and the people of Australia that a small army of dedicated Australians worked throughout the being american night to install microwave links enabling the essays on autobiography of an ex-colored 64 metre radio telescope of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation at Parkes to assist the return voyage of the Apollo 13 spacecraft. Parkes, within hours after a request by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, established voice communication with the being american contest astronauts at about 8:30 pm last night. Teams from the Post Master Generals Department and the Australian Broadcasting Commission, assisted by personnel from Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd., installed temporary microwave circuits from Parkes to Coonambro and from Red Hill in Canberra via Williamsdale to Honeysuckle Creek.

This task, which involved the erection of 6 aerials up to confidentiality, 60 feet high in the middle of the night, was completed at 6 am this morning. The microwave links will enable Parkes to transmit telemetry data from the spacecraft. Parkes, and the Australian Capital Territory stations of Honeysuckle Creek and Tidbinbilla, which my Department operates for american contest NASA, will start to play a crucial role after the spacecrafts trans-Earth injection which was scheduled for 12:40 pm today. I would like to pay special tribute to the staff at Honeysuckle Creek and Tidbinbilla who, working at the lowest possible signal level, have been providing communications between the ground control and the astronauts. I am certain that I speak for all Australians in wishing the Apollo crew a safe return to Earth. Thursday 16 April 1970. At 0626:53 AEST during the morning of or contrast nasıl, 16 April, not long after they had entered the influence of the Earths gravity field, everyone at Mission Control slid to the edge of their seats and grappled with another heart stopping report from Haise: I just heard a little thump, sounded like down in the descent stage, and I saw a new shower of snowflakes come up. Another explosion!

This time from under their feet in the life supporting Lunar Module they were all depending on! More debris gathered around the american essay two stricken spacecraft. It was battery #2 in new deal thesis the Lunar Modules descent stage. Don Arabian, from the Mission Evaluation Room, figured out that hydrogen and being, oxygen gases had built up in the batterys lid until the on autobiography of an pressure blew it off. Bill Peters, the Lunar Modules electrical engineer: After it made its pop and being contest, snowflakes as people say, we looked at the data and it had a spike in the current data, thats all we saw in real time, but that battery continued to run for a long time before it failed to contribute electricity and compare or contrast nasıl, I turned it off. After consulting with the being manufacturers, the engineers decided that the remaining batteries were going to last comfortably until the new deal thesis end of the mission. Mission Control began working on correcting some errors derived from the TEI burn with another burn of 14 seconds of the Lunar Modules descent motor at 1431:28 AEST on contest essay, 16 April. Lovell fired the engine, while Haise kept an eye on being, the spacecraft attitude and Swigert called the times.

Houston was anxious not to disturb the spacecrafts homeward trajectory, so told the being american contest crew not to dump any waste material overboard. This meant they had to find a way to store their urine on board. They found three bags in the Command Module and six little ones in the Lunar Module, plus by using some tanks associated with their EVA suits they managed to keep ahead of the thesis venti price flow. Im glad we got home when we did, said Lovell, because we were just about out of ideas for being essay stowage. Friday 17 April 1970. As Apollo 13 raced home the Flight Dynamics team (FDO, RETRO, and GUIDO) began to frown as they spotted the tracking data was indicating the spacecraft was gently drifting away from the critical entry corridor. What was causing this insidious drift?

Every known source of venting gas was turned off, so it had to essays on autobiography ex-colored man, be something else. After the mission ended, it was concluded that the small thrust causing the drift came from contest essay, a non-propulsive water boiler vent in the Lunar Modules cooling system, which under normal circumstances would not have been noticed in maintaining essays the short dash down to essay, the moons surface and back. When the error crept up to or contrast essay nasıl, 161 kilometres it was time to do something, or the astronauts in their spacecraft would bounce out of the atmosphere and go off into solar orbit: . to become a permanent monument to the space program, as Lovell wryly put it, but said he would rather burn up in american essay the atmosphere than skip out into solar orbit. The flight controllers were reluctant to fire the Lunar Modules descent engine again. Helium was normally used to force the about fuel into american, the engine combustion chamber, and the Lunar Module engineers were watching the pressure slowly building up in of the series of essays known as the federalist originally the storage tank. At 12,411 kPa a safety membrane would blow out to relieve the pressure. Being American Essay! Once that happened there was no guarantee the engine would work, so the correction burn had to happen before the helium blew. Late during Wednesday evening when Capcom Vance Brand called Apollo 13: We dont want to compare essay, power up the spacecraft completely, so that means no computer or mission timer. Well simply go with a manual burn, with you controlling the engine with the Start and Stop switches.

For attitude, what were going to want to do is manually orient the spacecraft to being, place the Earth in the centre of your window. If you hold it there throughout the burn, the attitude will be correct. Got that? Roger, I think so, Lovell confirmed thoughtfully, remembering back in Apollo 8 they had tried just such an of the series known as the federalist papers, exercise to see if they could steer the spacecraft into the reentry corridor with no help from the navigation systems. Houston planned to burn the Lunar Modules descent motor when they were just entering the contest essay influence of the Earths gravity, and essay about being a businesswoman, still moving relatively slowly. Using Swigerts wrist watch, from 1431:28 AEST 16 April, they timed the burn manually for 14 seconds at 10% power, during which Lovell and Haise steered the spacecraft to american, keep the crosshair of the of an man optical sight in their windows parallel with the Earths terminator, or sunset line, which meant they should be aiming straight for american essay the reentry corridor again.

Three and a half hours later the helium pressure reached 13,245 kPa and maintaining confidentiality, blew the safety membrane out, sending another thump through the being american contest spacecraft and a shower of sparkling crystals to join the cloud of debris shepherding Apollo 13 through space. The startled astronauts looked at essay about a businesswoman, each other but realised what it was, and Lovell murmured, Thats the being american contest end of our helium problem. It became so cold in Odyssey that sleep was impossible. Lovell: When we turned off the electrical systems, we lost our source of essay a businesswoman, heat, and the sun streaming in the windows didnt help much. We were as cold as frogs in a frozen pool, specially Jack Swigert, who got his feet wet and didnt have lunar overshoes. It wasnt simply that the temperature dropped down to 1.6C; the sight of perspiring walls and wet windows made it seem even colder.” The Command Module had been referred to as “the bedroom”, but by being contest essay the last day they were calling it “the refrigerator”.

During the nasıl yazılır last 12 hours before reentry, Haise had to go into the cold and damp Command Module. When he returned, it took him four hours in the Lunar Module before he stopped shivering. Contest! He ended up trying to sleep in his sleeping bag in the tunnel between the two spacecraft, with his head in audison thesis price the Lunar Module, which was much warmer at being american essay, 10C. Audison Venti Price! Even after the fiery reentry and being, warm 27C Pacific waters they could still see their frosty breath inside the cabin. Honeysuckle is prime during this recording of Jim Lovell describing the cold the 39 second recording, made at Honeysucke Creek, begins at 132:53GET. This clip (254kb mp3 file) was recorded by Hamish Lindsay. Lovell commented: “We had a dead Service Module, we had a Command Module but it had no power in new deal thesis it, and we had a Lunar Module that was a wonderful vehicle but it didnt have a heat shield.” No one knew what would happen to being contest essay, a frozen Command Module that had coasted through space without any power for compare essay yazılır over two days. We were worried that the systems would get so cold that the batteries would freeze, the propellants in the lines would freeze that when we brought the Command Module up it would be non-functional, Kranz admitted later, backed up by Lovell: The walls, ceiling, floor, wire harnesses, and panels were all covered with droplets of water. The chances of essay, short circuits caused us apprehension, to say the least.

But thanks to the safeguards built into the Command Module after the new deal thesis disastrous fire in January, 1967, no arcing took place. The water droplets caused one sensation as we entered the atmosphere - it rained inside the Command Module! At Houston, Gene Kranz and his Tiger Team wrestled with reentry procedures and check lists for the last six hours of the mission that had never been tried before. Normally it would take three months to develop these procedures they had less than three days. Basically we planned to power up the american vehicle in reverse, we had the crew turn the maintaining confidentiality essays guidance system on in the blind, then right at the end I allowed them to being contest essay, turn on the telemetry system so that we could see it and verify it was all on okay.

By doing it backwards that way we had enough power but the new deal thesis crew had to essay, do it right. Later I realised I was kinda lost in my own world trying to build that check list that had to be done perfectly the first time, then when I saw what shape the being a businesswoman crew were in being dehydrated, no real sleep, freezing to american contest, death, I realised that was another factor that I didnt take into account. But they executed that check list perfectly, it was just amazing. We finally got the sequence down so Ken Mattingly could try it in the simulator, and he found things that wouldnt work so would come back and negotiate with me and ex-colored man, I said we cant add more power, we have to do some other way. And of being american contest essay, course the crew was getting kinda anxious, they were trying to be subtle, but not too subtle, and kept saying, Hey Houston, were looking out the window and the Earths getting bigger and bigger wheres that check list? It was Thursday evening in Houston when Arnold Aldrich and Gene Kranz escorted Aaron into confidentiality essays, the Mission Control Center, hugging the being american essay checklist to his chest: I had one hand type-written copy with the latest changes in it, we didnt have word processors in price those days, and I said Okay Flight - here it is, read it to being american contest essay, the crew.

A relieved Capcom Vance Brand took the thesis venti copy, turned back to being contest essay, his console and maintaining, called: Houston, Aquarius. Go, Houston, replied Lovell. Okay, we are ready to read you the first checklist instalment All right, Vance. Im going to get Jack on the line, so stand by. Aaron became aware he was surrounded by american contest essay people holding out demanding hands: “Where are the copies, EECOM? I need a copy.” So as Brand heard his headset saying, Okay, Vance, Im ready to copy, he had to hand the confidentiality checklist back and sheepishly answer: Okay, Jack but we have to ask you to contest essay, wait one minute again. We want to get a copy of the checklist into the authors of the series known federalist, the hands of the being american Flight Directors and audison thesis, EECOM and itll take a second or two. It was nearly half an hour before Brand began two tedious hours reading out the check list to a very tired Swigert as he copied them down holding a flashlight between his teeth. Then followed another hour of Lunar Module procedures to essay, Haise, followed by a timeline sequence that glued both checklists together. In the time it took them to write the procedures down, they covered 96,500 kilometres. Swigert finished writing down the last entry just over 12 hours before they were due to maintaining confidentiality essays, start using it there was no time for corrections or a second chance it had to be right the first time as the spacecraft hurtled towards that narrow door into the Earths atmosphere with its speed building up to a maximum of 38,623 kilometres per hour. Six and contest, a half hours before they were due to start using the checklist they tried to compare or contrast essay, get some rest.

Lovell reported: Haise is lying in the tunnel with his head on being, the ascent engine cover, Swigert is lying on the authors of the as the papers originally, the floor in american contest essay a sleep restraint. They had been averaging three hours of disturbed sleep a day. Four hours before reaching the atmosphere Houston sent the message, You can jettison the Service Module when you are ready. No big rush, but any time. Lovell and Haise manned the new deal thesis Lunar Module, while Swigert fired the Service Module separation bolts from the Command Module at 2314:48 AEST during the evening of April 17. Lovell had suggested to Swigert that he put a label over the switch to jettison the being american essay Lunar Module in case he threw the wrong switch, and sent his mates off to be incinerated in the brief meteor the Lunar Module was to on autobiography man, become! Lovell then backed the Lunar Module and Command Module away from the carcass of the Service Module. Swigert tried each of the contest essay Command Module windows but saw nothing. Compare Essay! Lovell swung the spacecraft around and essay, he and new deal thesis, Haise peered out contest essay, of the being Lunar Modules windows and also saw nothing no sign of the big cylindrical Service Module. Lovell was scanning the velvet black void when he stiffened as he became aware of a huge silver shape silently gliding into view, slowly rolling to reveal a great gash in its side. Lovell gazed wide-eyed at the tendrils of wire, tubing and entrails gently waving about.

Expecting only american essay a small hole from the explosion, he said Im glad we couldnt see the Service Module earlier. With one whole panel missing, the wreckage and wires hanging out, it was a sorry mess as it drifted away. Then Haise yelled I can see it out my window, so Swigert rushed down the tunnel, stuck his camera to the window and managed to get some shots, though by then it was beginning to tumble. Photographs of the damage for later analysis were important, as the Service Module would burn up on compare essay yazılır, reentry. The damaged Service Module drifts away. Here’s another view. AS13-58-8464, via the being contest Lunar Planetary Institute in Houston. Audison! The photo has been cropped and considerably brightened. Jim Lovell exclaims, “There’s one whole side of that spacecraft missing.”

As heard live via the Voice of american contest, America, with Rhett Turner providing commentary. 4.7MB mp3 / 9 minutes. When hearing of the extensive damage to the Service Module some of the Flight Controllers began to wonder about the Command Modules heat shield. Had it been damaged in the explosion? Nothing was said at the time, but Haise had thought about it too, and the astronauts had discussed the possibility during the flight. During the mission they had filled the Command Module with all their rubbish in plastic bags, and now Haise had to transfer them all back to the LM as they prepared for the homecoming. He commented: Boy, you wouldnt believe this LM right now! Theres nothing but bags from floor to ceiling! Saturday 18 April 1970. At 0400 USCST on maintaining, Friday April 17 the members of the american contest essay Tiger Team entered Mission Control and maintaining essays, spread around the consoles for the final moments of the saga.

John Aaron took over from Sy Liebergot at the EECOM console and around 1000 he felt ready for contest the Command Module power up procedure and called on the intercom, Go EECOM, returned Kranz. Ready for power up any time the crew is. Roger EECOM Capcom Flight. Go Flight, answered Joe Kerwin. EECOM says the Command Module can come on line anytime. Roger Flight, Kerwin keyed his air/ground switch, Aquarius, Houston. Go Houston, Lovell responded tersely. Youre go to start powering up Odyssey. Swigert felt a useful member of the crew again as at essay being, 0123 AEST Saturday April 18 he began to power up the Command Module using its normal three reentry batteries, which had been topped up from the Lunar Modules batteries. Every switch and circuit breaker that I turned on made me feel just that much better. I forgot about being tired and didnt even notice the cold. John Aaron, surrounded by the other shift EECOMs, watched the idling readouts on his console, waiting for Swigert to switch on the telemetry.

He was looking for a maximum current drain of 43 amps. If it was much more the batteries might not last to splashdown. After nearly half an hour Swigert switched the last items on and the telemetry kicked all Aarons readouts into life. His eyes homed in on the current meter, and to his dismay he was staring at american, a steady 45 amps. What the hell are those two rogue amps doing there? he angrily questioned anybody on the intercom or within earshot. Essays! Nobody could find any cause until the Guidance controllers spotted the back up gyros were on. The spacecraft crew turned them off and the meter dropped back to 43 amps. Aaron, I almost panicked there because I didnt know how long those two amps had been on. It turned out the spacecraft was wired different than we thought, there was a sneak circuit in the wiring taking an being contest, extra load off the circuit breaker that we didnt know about. Once the new deal thesis Command Module was powered up it was important to check they were on the right track for being reentry.

Capcom Joe Kerwin: This was the tense time for essays on autobiography man me. Swigert was trying to essay, find the two stars necessary to align the platform to get their precise attitude. Venti! He was having a hell of a time doing it because of reflections into being contest essay, the telescope from the essays on autobiography of an ex-colored Lunar Module. The spacecraft were racing towards the atmosphere, and Swigert was doing it, and re-doing it. What we would have had to do was to say Okay, Jack its time to knock that off well take an approximate attitude its time to jettison the LM we have to get on being american, with it. I kept looking at Kranz, but he just put his hand out thesis venti, silently to say give him another minute. Then Swigert finally got it and being contest, called out compare or contrast yazılır, Five balls which meant that the number after the decimal point on star angle difference was five zeros, meaning he had hit the right two stars and had an accurate platform. From there on everything just went nominally from my point of view. Three and a half hours after the being contest Service Module was jettisoned, it was the Lunar Modules turn.

Lovell: Ten seconds. Swigert, Five. The Authors Of Essays Known As The Papers! LM Jettison, At 0243 AEST 18 April the contest essay faithful lifeboat Aquarius was released and pushed off with 20.7 kPa air pressure from the tunnel. Sadly they watched it drift away to the authors series federalist, begin a slow forward somersault. Haise later said he would have liked to have looked after it in his backyard. Okay, copy that. Farewell Aquarius, and american essay, we thank you, Kerwin called out from Houston. There was less than four and a half hours of electrical power left in Aquarius . “Farewell Aquarius , and we thank you.” The ‘Age of Aquarius’ ends at the authors known as the papers, 0243AEST on April 18th. Assembled from images AS13-59-8559, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 71, 73, courtesy of the Lunar and Planetary Institute.

Aquarius is jettisoned. Voice of Apollo as heard via ABC Radio. When Apollo 13 came back in, it did this vast swing back over the Indian Ocean. American Essay! Because of the Earth turning it appeared to thesis venti price, turn around and come back the other way. We put the FPQ6 radar on and watched separation with it when they dumped the LM. We could actually see all three parts of the spacecraft on being american, our radar screens. John Saxon at Honeysuckle Creek: We were the last site, as we generally were, to track the reentry phase of the mission when they entered the Earths atmosphere. We were tracking both the Command Module and the Lunar Module.

There was a great deal of interest in where the LM came down because it had a package to be installed on the Moon which had a radio isotope power supply, and there was a concern that had it entered over land there might have been a radio active contamination problem. The Authors Of The Series Of Essays As The Federalist! We were required to take very careful records of antenna angles when we lost contact. It entered the atmosphere and went into the sea somewhere in the deepest part of the ocean between Australia and New Zealand. This was right where Flight Dynamics Officer (FDO) Jerry Bostick in Mission Control had carefully planned to american essay, put the compare or contrast essay nasıl yazılır Lunar Module. Mike Dinn’s Groundtrack map for american Apollo 13 has been annotated to show the splashdown location. Honeysuckle was the last ground station to track Apollo 13 before re-entry, when ARIA took over the comms. Click the image to get a 730kb scan of the entire map. Paul Mullen , antenna driver at Honeysuckle: We lost the new deal thesis LM at the end it was going too fast for our 3 per second antenna speed it just dived out of sight ahead of our antenna.” Entering the dark side of the Earth above the Indian Ocean, the being contest three astronauts concentrated on the clock and Moon, sweating that it would set when Houston had calculated, confirming they were on essay about a businesswoman, the right track for a safe reentry. At precisely the right second a black notch bit into the bottom of the Moon, and it sank below the Earths horizon.

The Commander looked at his crew: Gentlemen, were about to reenter. I suggest you get ready for a ride. Kerwin, Odyssey, Houston standing by. Over. Swigert, You have a good bedside manner, Joe. Kerwin, Thats the nicest thing anybodys said.

How about that? Swigert: Sure wish I could go to essay, the FIDO (Flight Dynamics) party tonight. Kerwin, Yes its going to maintaining essays, be a wild one. Somebody said well cover for you guys and if Jacks got any phone numbers he wants us to call, why, pass them down . We just had a last time around the room and everybody says its looking great . Odyssey then plunged into the atmosphere at american contest essay, 0353:45 AEST, to be engulfed in essays a streaming firestorm, a fireball streaking across the sky. All communications with the spacecraft were cut off during the blackout period. A blanket of american essay, suspended anxiety descended over all the watchers around the world during the three minutes of silence of the blackout period. The seconds flicked away with no response from the spacecraft. Unable to do any more for on autobiography of an the mission now, the essay Houston Flight Controllers could only watch the recovery forces at work on their large television screens and listen for the spacecraft to respond to their Capcom.

It was suspected they had entered the atmosphere at a shallower angle than the new deal thesis optimum, which prolonged the blackout period. The tension built up. a minute after the expected time and still no sight or sound of Odyssey the american cameras stared at a vacant sky, the speakers just hissed static. Joe Kerwin called out from essay about, Houston, Odyssey, Houston standing by. Suddenly Swigerts voice filled the airwaves over the Pacific, Okay, Joe! and at 0402 AEST three healthy parachutes were seen. Luckily the original landing area was calm now the essay tropical storm was raging over venti the alternate landing area. Joe Kerwin on the Capcom console, earlier in the mission. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Mission Control erupted into a frenzy of cheering, handshaking and clapping. Being American Essay! John Aaron: Since I had designed the audison thesis price reentry sequence, Kranz put me on the console as it came in being american essay and that worked out thesis, fine, but that sure was something when they made it through the blackout and being american essay, out came the chutes.

We had live video coverage from the ship that really was a lucky strike extra to get that close for the finish. So how close was it to three fatalities? According to Sy Liebergot, the LM had 104 hours of breathing oxygen left, but only 10 hours of water and 13 hours of essays on autobiography of an, electrical power. After a TransEarth Coast TEC time of 63 hours 8 minutes 43 seconds, at 0407:41 AEST on Saturday 18 April, the parachutes dunked Odyssey into the Pacific Ocean 6.5 kilometres from the USS Iwo Jima , and the crew were greeted by cheering sailors, a brass band, and Rear Admiral Donald Davis with, Were glad you made it, boys. All around the world an audience of many millions joined in grateful thanks, each in their own way, for the safe return of Apollo 13 and its crew.

The Apollo 13 crew arrive on being contest, the Iwo Jima . Flight Director Gene Kranz (right) celebrates as Jim Lovell speaks onboard the Iwo Jima . Nine doctors checked them out to be in reasonable shape considering their ordeal, except for a urinary tract infection for Haise, brought on by not drinking enough fluids, which allowed the confidentiality toxins to build up. If the mission had gone on much longer, the other two would have probably suffered the same problem. Stepping ashore in Pago Pago they were greeted by gaily dressed Samoans, their smiling faces moving Lovell to say, We do not realise what we have on Earth until we leave it. Dale Call, Goddard Network Director, made the following statement after the mission: “I would like to express my personal thanks along with the appreciation of everyone involved in the Apollo 13 mission for the outstanding support provided by Honeysuckle, Carnarvon, and Parkes. This support contributed significantly to the safe return of the Apollo 13 crew. I would especially like to american contest essay, single out those responsible for bringing up the Parkes antenna and associated data systems in record time.

This response was so impressive that special mention of it was made to President Nixon during his visit to Goddard last Tuesday.” President Nixon addressed a message to Australian Prime Minister John Gorton: “Dear Mr. Prime Minister: On behalf of the people of the United States I wish to express to you and to the people of Australia my deep appreciation for your nation’s assistance in the successful recovery of the venti Apollo XIII astronauts. The disabling of the Apollo spacecraft during its lunar mission evoked the concern of all mankind. I was indeed touched by the many expressions of sympathy and offers of assistance I received.

The safe recovery of the contest astronauts, for which we are all profoundly thankful, in no way lessens the compare or contrast essay nasıl gratitude of the Government and people of the being contest United States for your nation’s immediate response to essay a businesswoman, our need for assistance. Please convey my personal thanks to being, all of your people who worked so hard to maintain our communications with the thesis venti weakened Apollo XIII spacecraft as it returned to Earth. Their involvement in the Apollo XIII recovery was but another instance of the close cooperation and warm friendship that exists between our countries. For a brief moment Apollo 13 put the hassles of money and budgets and politics aside as people followed the progress of a mission where sheer guts and determination, teamwork and comradeship, ingenuity and skill brought the crew safely home. No doubt luck was a large factor in the equation. Contest Essay! A triskaidekaphobic person would freak out at the authors federalist papers, this list of thirteens it was the being contest essay 13th Apollo mission, launched at 1313 hours spacecraft time, the explosion occurred on being a businesswoman, April 13, 13:08 hours Honeysuckle Creek time, with 13 nations offering to provide rescue ships or aircraft. And stretching credibility a bit the astronauts first names of James, Fred, and Jack add up to 13 letters, the launch date of 4/11/70 add up to 13 from pad 39 which is 3 x 13. Even German Measles has 13 letters. American Contest! Not surprisingly the Horoscope for Aquarius from the Houston Post of April 13 1970 said Do surprises turn you on? Then this is the day for the unexpected.

Was Apollo 13 good luck or bad luck? Probably good luck because it brings up a lot of What ifs. Maintaining Essays! For instance, what if the explosion had happened while Lovell and being essay, Haise were on the lunar surface. To get Apollo 13 home required a lot of innovation. Most of the material written about our mission described the ground-based activities, however I would be remiss not to state that it really was the teamwork between the ground and the flight crew that resulted in a successful return. Some people would call the about being Apollo 13 mission a $375 million failure. I look back on american contest, it as a triumph; a triumph of teamwork, initiative, and ingenuity. Nobody believes me, but during this six day odyssey we had no idea what an impression Apollo 13 made on the people of Earth. We never dreamed a billion people were following us on television and radio, and reading about essays ex-colored man us in banner headlines of every newspaper published.

We still missed the being american point on board the carrier Iwo Jima which picked us up because the sailors had been as remote from the new deal thesis media as we were. American Contest! Only when we reached Honolulu did we comprehend our impact. For fun, Grumman, the builders of the Lunar Module, sent a bill for $US400,000 to North American Rockwell for towing the new deal thesis Command and being essay, Service Module 482,800 kilometres back home! Jack Swigert said after the mission, I knew that no matter how dark the situation looked, we had a lot of help from the ground. I didnt come back from this mission with less confidence in the goals of the space program. I came back with more.

Haise admitted that after the explosion Mission Control directed everything the astronauts did. I think Apollo 13 was a classic example of what the ground flight operations was all about. It proved that the ground was worthwhile. The people on the ground did a fantastic job of saving the lives of the crew. That ground crew included the audison thesis venti price tracking stations, connecting Mission Control with the spacecraft. President Nixon summed up this dramatic odyssey with: The three astronauts did not reach the moon, but they reached the hearts of millions of people in America and in the world. (5 Days 22 Hours 54 Minutes)

Fra Mauro was the planned landing area. Distance travelled : 1,002,123 kilometres. The text has been checked by Chris Kraft and Jim Lovell. Illustrations sourced by Hamish Lindsay and Colin Mackellar. Unless otherwise specified, audio was recorded by Colin Mackellar from Australian radio coverage or the Voice of America, except the american contest essay HSK comms loop audio by thesis price Hamish Lindsay and the MOCR EECOM loop audio courtesy Sy Liebergot. Audio selected and edited by CM.

Frames from Apollo 13 film and being american contest essay, video selected and processed by CM with thanks to Mark Gray at Spacecraft Films.