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The 10 Best Sites to useful, Post Your Resume Online. There are a lot of ways to get your resume in front of the right people, and your best chance for success is to do everything you can to get yourself out debra asymmetry thesis there. One of the easiest actions you can take is to distribute your resume on several sites and increase your chances of finding your next opportunity. You could be found by your future employer, or even a recruiter could take an interest in your background and then do the work for essay you. After reviewing all the best resume sites, we recommend using ResumeRobin to distribute your resume because you can get in front of a lot of asymmetry thesis people without investing too much of your valuable time. It's also a great value when you factor in how much time it takes to useful, go to every job site.

We’ve hand-picked our favorite 10 sites and services to post a resume online to help you find your next opportunity. Types Structure. We’ve included some options that are industry-specific, but only useful sentences, if the sites cater to a wide variety of applicants. We also took into consideration the number of real inquiries job seekers received because spam can be a problem with some resume posting sites. Ielts Types. The Best Places to Post Your Resume Online. ResumeRobin - Massive distribution for just $25. Try it now! Dice - The place to go for tech jobs. Indeed.com - The biggest job search engine. Useful. LinkedIn - Make sure your profile matches your resume. ZipRecruiter - A major up-and-comer in job search. CareerBuilder - Highly visited job board with full-time opportunities.

Monster - Popular job site with all kinds of jobs, including part-time. Facebook - Leverage your friend network as a professional network. Twitter - Employers will look at your account if you have one. Debra Satz Asymmetry Thesis. University Career Centers - Leverage your education even more. Compared to the other places to useful essay, post your resume, ResumeRobin.com is probably a lesser known option, but it may be the only website you have to visit. Pi Martell Essay. That’s because it’s a resume distribution service, meaning you upload your resume and then let them do all the work. Essay. The cost is pretty low when you consider how much time it takes to post your resume on every single website. Debra. You’ll have the option to post within your metro area for $25 (includes up to essay, 150-plus recruiters and job sites), within your state for $55 (includes up to 250-plus recruiters and job sites), or nationwide for $65. To get started, you just have to upload your resume to satz thesis, the system. From there, ResumeRobin creates an HTML and plain text version. They enter your resume into the daily feed file, which is uploaded to essay, a network of partner websites (including most of the sites mentioned below) via an API and send the resumes to recruiters via email.

Additionally, once your resume is uploaded to the various job sites, ResumeRobin job seekers get preferred treatment so that means your resume will show up at the top of keyword searches used by math problems, employers. That’s worth the cost alone if you ask us. When it comes down to it, ResumeRobin is the useful essay, most job-seeker friendly place to write best law school essay, post your resume online. It might cost you a little in the process, but don’t forget about the value of your time as well as the visibility boost you’ll receive. Many people are raving about their experiences with ResumeRobin online. One person noted that it does take about useful, 48 hours for types structure the service to get ramped up, but received an inquiry from a Fortune 500 company just three days later.

Another had three job interviews within two weeks after using the service. While the website looks very basic and generic, don’t judge the book by its cover. The company is essay, apparently worth close to $800 million. Write Best Essay. If you have a background in useful essay sentences, tech or you’re looking for an IT job, Dice is the place to go. It’s probably the biggest specialized job board on the Internet. With a growing number of companies looking to hire tech talent, posting your resume on Dice is are the of organization used, a great way to get found if you have a tech background. There are also a good number of contract jobs available on sentences Dice. The quality of job seekers on structure Dice is pretty high, which is more of a positive than a negative because recruiters and employers are likely to keep coming back to find talent. Of the registered users on Dice, 65% have 10 years or more experience and 75% have a bachelor's degree. To post your resume, first create a MyDice account.

From there, login and click on the Manage/Add Resumes link within the MyResume section. Then, you can upload your resume. The next step would be to make your resume searchable. Useful. Go back to your account, click on best the MyResume button, and essay select the resume you want recruiters or employers to find. You can upload up to five resumes at a time, so be sure to ielts types structure, pick the right one and then click on Make Searchable.

Keep in mind, you only want to sentences, be searchable if you’re actively job seeking and ready to work within 30 days. Write Essay. If you want to post your resume anonymously, edit your profile, go to Search Settings, and click the button next to essay, Confidential. Now, your contact info will be hidden. Indeed is at the top of our list for places to post your resume online (and search for jobs). Indeed.com has traditionally been ranked as the number one external method of fifth problems hiring for small businesses in essay sentences, the world. Concluding Essays. In terms of visibility, no other job site gets more action. We also recommend Indeed for job searching because it has the essay, most comprehensive database of satz asymmetry thesis any job site. There are more than 200 million people visiting the site every month. Posting your resume on Indeed.com is essay, pretty simple as well. All you have to do is what two primary of organization, create a free account and then either create your resume from scratch or upload it if you have it saved as a file. Indeed also covers global job seekers, since recruiters and employers can search in many countries.

While some say that posting your resume on useful essay a job site isn’t worth it, many job seekers have reported success using Indeed. Alright, so you can post your resume on your LinkedIn account, but we don’t advise that. LinkedIn is fifth, a living, breathing resume itself so you should always keep it updated. The reason why posting your resume on LinkedIn doesn’t make a lot of useful sentences sense is because a resume is often an adapting document depending on the type of employment you’re seeking. Law School. LinkedIn not only useful essay sentences, shows your professional expertise and accomplishments -- it also helps tell a more active story about who you are and what you want. Plus, every recruiter uses LinkedIn so make sure your profile is optimized with the titles or words you want to be found for.

Use your LinkedIn account in conjunction with your resume and just be sure both are always synced up. The last thing you need is inconsistencies in your story. Some people still want to take advantage of LinkedIn’s resume import feature. If you want your resume living on your LinkedIn profile, you click Profile, select Import Resume, then browse to find your file, and upload it. Again, we’d recommend using your LinkedIn profile as your public resume and know that recruiters and potential employers will be taking a careful look at write law school essay it. It’s one of the less familiar names on this list, but ZipRecruiter is making some major strides in the industry. Unlike some of the other major long-standing job boards, ZipRecruiter promises no spam or banners, which results in a more pleasant experience for useful sentences job seekers. You can post your resume online by satz asymmetry thesis, creating a free account as well as a job alert. From there, you’ll get job alerts via email, your resume will be searchable, and you’ll be matched to useful sentences, jobs that are hiring now. ZipRecruiter has a resume database that is easily searchable for recruiters and pi martell employers. All they have to do is useful essay sentences, search specific skills or keywords as well as a location.

Just be sure to optimize your profile and resume according to what you’d like to be searched for so that you increase your visibility to prospective employers. Write. One cool feature about ZipRecruiter is that you can see how many people have looked at essay sentences your resume, in addition to other data. The mobile app also has very positive reviews so you can expect a seamless transition if you’re using ZipRecruiter on the go. Compared to write law school essay, the other major online job boards, CareerBuilder has more candidates that have college degrees and also leans more towards full-time employment opportunities. CareerBuilder costs more to useful essay, post a job on debra satz asymmetry than the other industry giants, but it weeds out more unqualified applicants for employers. CareerBuilder has rolled out some exciting features in the past year for job seekers who post their resume online. They now provide insights that show how many times your resume has been opened in the past week and what companies are looking at you. Regardless if you think you’ll get hired using CareerBuilder, just having those insights along is useful sentences, valuable and probably worth posting your resume. All you have to do to get started on CareerBuilder is sign up, add your desired job title, and then upload your resume.

From there, you’ll have the option to display your resume and contact info or hide it. Obviously, if you want to be found, you should choose to display your resume and contact info (and you’ll get the benefit of the insights into essay, who is useful sentences, looking at your resume). Beyond the ability to strategies concluding, post your resume online to their massive database, Monster.com also has tons of useful career resources. There’s also a premium resume service that sends your resume to influential recruiters so that you’re seen by essay, more employers and the right ones. It costs $68 as a one-time fee, but it might be worth the extra push to stand out above the rest. Monster is no stranger to resume posting, as the company was the ielts structure, first job search site online and also had the first resume database in the world. To post your resume, create an sentences, account and pi martell sign up manually or use one of the social account sign in options. As part of creating your account, you’ll have to fill out useful essay some personal information and then choose a file to upload your resume. From there, you have the option to choose if you want to be searchable or not. If you’re posting your resume, you likely want to be found by a recruiter or employer, so we’d recommend choosing the searchable option.

You can always hide it after if you want to. Taking it a step further, you can submit your resume for free to be evaluated by a resume expert who can offer you some tips, but it will likely lead to trying to get you to pay for a service. Lastly, just be sure to spend the time to fill out your profile so you that it’s visible and you’ll match with the right search terms to concluding essays, increase your chances of sentences being found. More recruiters and employers are turning to other methods to find candidates. One out of best law school six job seekers says social media is the reason for landing their current job. Remember, many opportunities come through relationship building and essay sentences networking. A lot of that happens on social media. Let’s look at Facebook first and then Twitter next. While LinkedIn clearly leads the charge online (if you consider it social media), Facebook is number two, according to pi martell essay, recruiters (25% of recruiters have hired through Facebook). In order to be taken seriously, you must tailor your Facebook page around your work versus your personal life. You don’t have to useful essay sentences, cut out the personal stuff completely as it will show you’re a real person.

Make sure you have a professional profile picture and applicable cover photo. You’ll also want to include all of satz your work and education information. You can also include links to your personal website and useful essay other social media accounts (if relevant). Two Primary For Compare-contrast. We’d suggest staying clear of expressing religious and essay political views. There’s something intriguing about debra satz asymmetry, a candidate being able to sell themselves in 140 characters or less. While it’s not a huge number, 15% of recruiters have hired someone through Twitter. Given the limitations, it’s impossible to post your resume on Twitter, but this is more about leveraging Twitter by linking to your resume or marketing yourself with tweets.

You can get yourself under the 140-character limit by using a URL shortener if you’re posting your resume in useful essay, a Tweet. Hey, who knows, maybe it’s worth blasting the company you want work for by mentioning them in your Tweet. You can also create hashtags with keywords that recruiters might search for ielts structure so you can be easily found. Leveraging Twitter to post your resume online and get in front of more people is a no-brainer for someone who is unemployed or actively seeking work. A great resource (especially for recent grads) is to useful, utilize the career center from your college to post your resume online. To be clear, university career centers are for all alumni -- not just recent grads and current students. Many employers browse career centers of ielts essay types structure specific colleges because they’ve had success with talent from a handful of universities. As an example, one company we spoke with that employs over 3,000 people specifically looks for analyst positions from one university. It’s hard to imagine other companies don’t do the same thing. Having your resume on your university career center can also open up opportunities for the university itself to promote you.

Several alumni associations have groups on LinkedIn and Facebook. Many also offer resume writing help, cover letter writing help, and essay sentences interview assistance. At the grade problems, end of the useful essay sentences, day, the success rate might still depend on the reputation of your university and the type of employers coming to are the two primary for compare-contrast, the university career center website to find candidates. If your skills and career trajectory match those employers, you’re probably going to get a lot better result than someone who doesn’t. CareerCloud is at the forefront of useful essay sentences social and mobile in the job search and recruitment process.

We are a career media company that publishes articles and grade word avice for useful sentences today's job seeker.

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Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Essay Sample. This essay will outline the main concepts that surround Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, showing how it can help us understand our clients presenting issues. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an useful essay, Austrian physician. Pi Martell. His most vital contribution to the study of psychology and human behaviour was his belief of the “dynamic unconscious”. This view was that the unconscious mind played an important role in determining how an individual behaved. Freud put forward the principle of multiple determinations, which suggests that every psychic event is determined by the simultaneous action of several others. He saw the unconscious mind as the actual source of mental energy, which determined behaviour. Useful. He based his belief on the results of trials with hypnosis. When he was able to produce and remove symptoms of hysteria in his entranced patients.

Freud used the term ‘psychoanalysis’ to essays, label his theories and techniques. He was the first person in his field that began the use of sentences non medical methods to deal with human conditions. It was during his neurological practice with hysterical patients that he first noticed that his patients were relieved from their symptoms by simply recollecting and talking about painful childhood experiences. Freud went on to spend much of his life developing an intricate and controversial theory on personality development. Continuing this theory, it is thought that individual’s behaviour is the direct result of the pi martell influences of all past experience. These influences would have an even greater effect if they were from childhood. Freud believed that these first experiences formed solid foundations on which the essay developing client would structure the rest of their life. Essay. The adult personality was directly formed in childhood, according to the experience and treatment as a child. If the experiences in childhood were happy and balanced, then the child could develop into a normal, well balanced and adjusted adult. Freud’s theory of infantile sexuality and its psychological affects centres around the essay concepts of essay structure fixation, regression and repression.

He asserted that at different stages of infancy, energy is directed towards different physical zones of the body and essay, psychologically these zones become important and fuelled with emotion. In normal development, energy is withdrawn from one zone and redirected toward another, however if problems occur at a particular stage then a certain amount of energy is math word, left behind and fixation occurs. In later life when an individual has emotional difficulties he/she will regress to this stage of development. Repression is the banishment of painful, emotionally charged instinctual thoughts or memories into the unconscious. It is the process of repression into the unconscious, which may occur at various stages of development, creating a lasting impact on an individual. Freud stated that babies were innately perverse, i.e. any part of the body could be used by the libido. However his study of thumb sucking led him to assert that the essay first erogenous zone is the mouth and lips and that thumb sucking could be traced to the child remembering the pleasure obtained during breast-feeding.

The mouth is also the first organ for aggression i.e. crying and yelling. Freud asserted that breast feeding and weaning were the first lessons taught and had a particular influence at an unconscious level. A baby is very dependent and can do little for him/her. If baby’s needs are properly fulfilled it can move on to the next stage. If unfulfilled, then mistrust develops – whereas being overly-fulfilled baby will find it hard to cope in a world that doesn’t meet all his/her needs. Such experiences create either highly dependent/independent people. Ielts Structure. Freud believed that if repression occurs at this stage then individuals may feel disgust at food and develop eating disorders. He said: ‘The repression extends to the nutritional instinct owing to the dual purpose served by the labial zone’ Freud (1953 p. 99).

Orally fixated people may also become verbally aggressive (children may bite) or be passive and dependent. The first challenges to Freud’s theory, apart from the widespread dismissal of useful essay it from the fifth grade math problems general public, came from Carl Jung. Jung’s basic challenge was that infantile sexual trauma is not the exclusive cause of essay sentences adult neurosis. He writes in a letter to Freud dated 5th October 1906: ‘It seems to me that though the genesis of hysteria is concluding, predominantly, it is not exclusively, sexual’ Storr (1983 p. Useful Sentences. 46). Fifth Word Problems. Jung argues that all people experience childhood sexual trauma but do not develop neurosis in adult life and therefore it is the fixation in essay sentences the present that is characteristic of the neurotic. Jung suggests that the problem of the thesis present halts the useful essay sentences adaption to life events; causes build up of libido (energy), which then finds an outlet by regression to a primitive or infantile state.

Other analysts further criticised Freud’s biological emphasis and stated that cultural and sociological factors play a significant part in types for compare-contrast the causation of neurosis. Essay. A further criticism of Freud’s theory centres around his work on seduction. Freud originally believed that the events related to him by his parents of early childhood sexual encounters were acts of incest. Essay Types. He later asserted that these events did not occur but were just fantasies. However he did accept that acts of useful essay child abuse did occur. Having worked in pi martell essay Children centres as a Nursery Nurse, I now understand this, where incest and child abuse was found in the families of the children I worked with. The psychodynamic approach places great emphasis on the years of essay childhood, investigating how the client comes to terms with and resolves any conflict conjured in what are the two primary types this early period of life. It continues to help the client to understand and overcome this conflict. Sentences. Freud was the first psychologist who allowed great emphasis to the relevance of those early years. According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, he believed that this was composed of three main fundamentals – known as the id, the ego and the superego, these three elements work together to create complex human behaviours.

The Id is the only component of personality that is grade math problems, present from birth; this aspect of the personality is entirely unconscious and useful essay, bares the instinctive and primitive behaviours. Law School Essay. Freud conveyed that the Id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality. The Id is driven by the pleasure principle, which strives for useful sentences, immediate gratification and satisfaction of all desires, wants and needs. If these are not satisfied immediately, the result is a state of anxiety or tension. The Id is very important early in life, because it ensures that an infant’s needs are met. The Ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Freud the ego develops from the Id and ensures that the impulses of the Id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego functions the conscious, preconscious and the unconscious mind.

The ego’s functions are based on the reality principle, which strive to satisfy the Id’s desires in realistic and socially appropriate way. The ego realises that if we follow our desires, we may be excluded by others and this would have a negative impression, it attempts to satisfy the “inner child”, through a realistic and acceptable way. The Superego works to suppress all the unacceptable urges of the id and struggles to make the ego act upon idealistic standards rather that upon realistic principles. Best. Freud claimed that the little voice like a parent, which comes to most of us when we are about to do something wrong is the superego. With so many conflicting forces, it is easy to useful essay sentences, see how conflict might arise between the id, ego and the superego. Freud used the term ego strength to refer to the ego’s ability to function despite these duelling forces.

A person with good ego strength is able to write law school essay, effectively manage these pressures and maintain a state of “dynamic equilibrium”. Those with too much or too little ego strength can become too unyielding or too disrupting. Freud states that the key to a healthy personality is a balance between the id, ego and useful, the superego. It has also been argued that his work is sexually and socially unbalanced. This because his theory was less developed more for women and focused mainly on the mother and son relationship. Culturally another major flaw with this theory is that it fails to are the types for compare-contrast essays, take into useful sentences, account people who do not grow up in the environment Freud declared was necessary for healthy psychological development (Rubin McNeil 1987, p. Are The Essays. 201). Freud’s therapy has been more influential than any other, and more influential than any other part of his theory. Essay. There are many aspects of write best it that help us to strongly understand a clients presenting issue. The therapy session creates a relaxed atmosphere to essay, enable the strategies concluding client to feel free to useful essay sentences, open up and grade word, express absolutely anything. This is to encourage the useful essay sentences unconscious conflicts to surface. A similarity between Freudian therapy and dreaming exists however the essay obvious difference is that in therapy, there is the therapist, who is essay, trained to recognize certain clues to problems and their solutions that the client would overlook.

Resistance is an example of this which suggests to Freudian therapists that the client is nearing something in his free associations that he unconsciously finds threatening. Law School. In Freud’s view, we are somewhat less resistant to our unconscious and useful sentences, we will allow a few things, in symbolic form, of course, to come to awareness. These wishes from the id then provide the therapist and client with more clues. The key concepts of Freud’s theory still remain applicable to the field of adult counselling as it is obvious that much of human behaviour is unpredictable and often determined by irrational forces and unconscious motivations. The main objective of psychoanalysis as therapy is to essay structure, bring to the surface the contents of the unconsciousness. This will help to essay sentences, reveal the areas of internal conflicts and developmental fixations of the client. Consequently this will then the write best essay help therapist understand the presenting issues and more appropriately advise. Useful Essay Sentences. Conflict can occur between the individual and best, the environment as well as within the structures of individual psyche as Ego is set in difficult conditions “trying to satisfy, and survive in the face of, the often powerful conflicting demands of the id, the superego, and the outside world” (Fall, Holden, Marquis, p.42). To continue Freud’s theory, psychosexual stages can help to understand a clients presenting issue by concentrating on the clients childhood. Freud believed that the development of a child’s personality is based on biological drives and the drives evolve through a number of biologically determined stages. He believed that the essay strongest drive was the libido of sexual instinct, and he maintained that infants and young children are capable of sexual pleasure, however the essay types word “sexual” in some cases can be taken too literally, a better fit would be the word “sensual” as Freud is describing and useful, referring to the physical pleasure from any area of the body, rather than simply the genitals.

The Oral Stage (Erogenous Zone: Mouth) – during this stage the satz asymmetry thesis child’s primary source of interaction occurs through the mouth. Only the ID is present in a newborn and the sucking reflex is particularly important. The infant is totally dependent on the carer to ensure that he/she is fed and develops a sense of trust and comfort through the oral stimulation. The mouth is vital for eating and so the physiology of this sucking/feeding/drinking action ensures survival. Useful Sentences. The child receives pleasure from the oral stimulation through gratifying activities such as the grade word problems tasting of foods.

Freud suggests this stage takes place from birth to around 18 months. Conflict at useful, this stage could come with the weaning process. Freud believed that if disturbance occurred during this stage then an individual could develop personality traits such as aggression, impatience, greediness and strategies essays, dependence. An oral fixation could include problems with eating habits, drinking, nail biting, smoking or thumb sucking. The Anal Stage (Erogenous Zone: Bowel and Bladder Control) – This stage sees the child gaining his/her first experience of some element of control by useful essay sentences, the focus on eliminating waste by controlling his or her bodily needs. The child here experiences pleasure from emptying their bowels which is demanded by the ID. However random elimination brings displeasure to the parents and/or carer. So if the child refrains from eliminating at random he/she is then denying the ID which until now has been the sole motivator.

This creates conflict in the child, and the result is that the EGO is developed. Pi Martell. Freud says that this happens between the ages of 15 months to about 3 years. Essay Sentences. Freud suggests that success at strategies concluding, this stage is very dependent on how the parent manages the useful potty training. Parents that use reward charts, praise and encourage the appropriate use of the toilet will receive positive outcomes, helping the infant to ielts essay types structure, feel accomplished and useful essay, productive. He also believed that positive experiences during this stage would result in competent, productive, creative individuals.

If parents chastise, ridicule or are lenient on a child, then an anal-expulsive personality can develop. This is where an individual has a messy, wasteful or destructive personality. Parents or carers are too strict with or start too early, an pi martell essay, anal-retentive personality could develop. I have 2 children – my eldest is extremely untidy and never knows where anything is and my youngest is very tidy and although ad-hoc with his items, remembers where he has placed/left them. Does make me recall the useful essay potty-training days and how I managed them. The Phallic Stage – (Erogenous Zone: Genitals) – This stages focuses on the infant becoming aware of their genitals and satz thesis, discovering the sentences differences between males and females.

Children take an increasing interest in their genitals and show curiosity in others bodies. Debra Asymmetry Thesis. Freud thought that at this stage boys began to rival their fathers for their mother’s affection. The Oedipus complex describes the feelings as wanting to possess their mothers and replace their Fathers. However, they also feared being punished by their fathers for essay, these feelings in a term that Freud named Castration Anxiety. Apparently girls also experienced a similar kind of feeling – the ielts essay types structure Electra complex. This is a psychoanalytic term used to describe girl’s romantic feelings towards her Father and anger towards her mother. According Freud, a young girl is usually attached to her mother initially until she discovers she does not have a penis; she resents her mother (blaming her for her “castration”) and useful, attaches herself to her Father. She then begins to identify and relate to her mother again, out of strategies concluding fear of losing her love. Another term for the Electra complex is ‘penis envy’. Freud implies that major disturbance faced during this stage is the conflict of the Oedipal/Electra conflict. Conflicts if unresolved could result in homosexuality, problems with authority, rejection of appropriate gender roles.

Latency Stage (Inactive Sexual Feelings) – During this period sexual feeling is suppressed. The Ego and the Superego help and contribute to calm this period. Sexual energy is still present; however it is being focused and essay sentences, directed into other things such as forming friendships, hobbies and satz asymmetry thesis, academia. An individual disturbed during the essay latent stage may result in debra satz thesis having little or no sexual response. Freud suggests this happens from around 5 years of ages until puberty. Genital Stage (Erogenous Zone: Maturing Sexual Interests) – During this stage, we see the re-emergent of the earlier drives and useful essay sentences, desires, with a strong interest in best law school the opposite sex. This stage begins during puberty and lasts for the rest of the person’s life. Interest in the welfare of others grows during this stage.

If the other stages have been completed successfully then the individual should be a well balanced member of society. Useful Essay. The purpose and goal of this stage is to establish balance in all life areas. Concluding Essays. If too much libidinal energy (libido, described as driving force) has been used up in the first three stages then this could result in an individual not reaching maturity, cannot see past their own body, their own needs and their own parents to useful essay, greater responsibilities that might involve others. Concluding. So, Freud believed that if any of these stages (that were able to overlap or be experienced at the same time) were disturbed then an useful essay, individual would be stuck in ielts essay types a particular phase later in useful essay life causing them problems, everyday nuances or neurosis. Freud’s theory, although extremely controversial, have had a great influence on the field of psychotherapy: “most of the current models of counselling and are the of organization used for compare-contrast, psychotherapy have been inspired either by the work of Freud or by a reaction against useful, his ideas“(Errington Murdin, in: Feltham, Horton, 2006, p.251. There are indeed elements of his theory that are considered as absurd and shocking. However, it is important to remember that Freud was the first to highlight the existence of the unconscious mind, presented the idea of the debra satz asymmetry human psyche as a dynamic structure and useful essay, described psychological defence mechanisms. Freud was the strategies essays pioneer in using “the talking cure“in treating his neurotic patients and introduced human sexuality to useful, the world of write science. The works of essay Freud inspired many theorists to develop ideas or create the new theoretical concepts some which are the complete antithesis to his approach.

I believe that interaction with the environment and psychological functioning of the ielts essay individual can evoke problems which can be brought up to counselling sessions. When problems occur, Freud’s ideas can be helpful in understanding the essay sources of the anxiety within the clients, unconscious motivations they are often driven with, difficulties in creating and maintaining proper relations with others as well as intimate relationships . Freud’s ideas also help therapists understand problems regarding sexual identity and compulsive behaviours. The sheer variety of complex problems where Freud’s ideas can be applicable while dealing with human conditions shows the importance of his contribution to psychotherapy and makes his concepts fundamental to understand by every professional counsellor. Freud’s theory, although extremely controversial, have had a great influence on the field of psychotherapy: “most of the current models of essay counselling and psychotherapy have been inspired either by the work of Freud or by a reaction against his ideas” (Errington Murdin, in: Feltham, Horton, 2006, p.251). References and Bibliography. Benson (1999) The Psychodynamic Perspective Psychology review, Vol. 6 no.1 1999 Corey, p.62) Theory and practice of counselling and psychotherapy, USA: Thomson Learning.

Errington, M. and sentences, Murdin, L. Ielts Types Structure. in: Feltham, C. and Horton, I. (2006) The sage handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy, London: Sage Publications. Fall, K., Miner Holden, J. Marquis, A. (2004) Theoretical models of counselling and psychotherapy, USA: Brunner-Routledge. Freud, S. Useful. (1927) The Ego and The Id, London: Hogarth Press. Gross, R. (2005) Psychology. The science of mind and behaviour. London: Hodder Arnold. Flanagan (1994) Rubin McNeil (1987) Psychology: Being Human, Harper Row, New York www.personalityresearch.org/papers/

Reber, A. S. and Reber, E. S. (2001) Dictionary of Psychology. England: Penguin Books. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development. Sigmund Freud’s “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality”, written in 1905, attempted to trace the course of the development of the sexual instinct in human beings from infancy to… Born on 6th May, 1856 in Freiberg.

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The three different types of IELTS essay question. The first rule of IELTS essays is to essay, answer the question. One problem in doing that is there are different types of IELTS essay questions each of which poses its own problems. In this post, I talk you through the fifth word three main types of essay questions and essay sentences, show you how to identify them and what problems they pose. I strongly suggest that you practise writing essays on each type of question before you get to strategies essays, the exam. You will find a selection of essay questions organised by question type on my sample essay question page. Here you are given a social issue or problem and asked directly to discuss it and useful essay sentences, very often asked to suggest a solution for ielts essay types structure, it. In this type of question you are given the problem (here in red) and then told how to discuss it/your task (in blue). In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour . What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? Many universities charge higher fees for foreign students.

Why do they do this? Do you believe that it is fair? “Why do they think that?” “What solutions can you suggest?” There are 2 typical problems with understanding this type of essay question. You are being asked for sentences, your personal opinion: it is not enough to talk generally about the debra asymmetry thesis topic. You must give your personal view . Very often you given two tasks: for example, to discuss the causes and the solution. If you discuss only one of these, you will be penalised on Task Achievement. The question does not give you much help with ideas: you may need to spend more time planning and thinking of ideas. Here you are given an opinion about useful essay some social issue to discuss. Strategies. Typically, you are asked whether or to what extent you agree with it. In this type of question you are given an opinion (in red) and then told how to discuss it/your task (in blue).

Sometimes the question is useful sentences longer and you are given some background information (in green), then the opinion and debra satz asymmetry, then the task. Fatherhood ought to be emphasized as much as motherhood. The idea that women are solely responsible for deciding whether or not to have babies leads on to the idea that they are also responsible for bringing the children up . To what extent do you agree or disagree? Currently there is a trend towards the use of essay, alternative forms of pi martell essay, medicine. However, at essay sentences best these methods are ineffective, and at worst they may be dangerous.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? “What is fifth grade word problems you opinion?” “Do you agree that…” “To what extent do you agree?” Discuss. There are three typical problems with understanding this type of essay question: The questions are simply longer to read and sometimes harder to understand. Spend plenty of time reading the question and underlining the key words and useful essay, making sure you understand what words like “this” and “these” refer to. It can be easy to confuse the background information from the opinion. You must discuss the essay opinion (the bit in red).

If you only useful discuss the topic (the bit in green), you will be penalised on ielts essay, Task Achievement. You need to discuss the useful opinion in the question. You cannot only give your opinion. Here you are given a problem or issue and two different solutions or opinions about it. Write Best. Typically, you are then asked to decide which solution/opinion is the useful essay better. The argument type essay question has two main types. In the first type, you get two different situations or opinions (red) and are the two primary types, then your task (in blue) is to decide between them. In some countries people pay different rates of essay, tax depending on their salary , in other countries everyone pays the fifth grade math problems same rate . Which do you believe is the best system? In the second type, you get a solution (in red) to a situation (in green) and you then your task (in blue) is to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of essay sentences, that solution.

Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today . What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of strategies concluding essays, reducing the working week to thirty five hours ? “What are the useful essay sentences advantages and disadvantages of pi martell, this” There are two typical problems here: The essay discusses the sentences problem generally and pi martell, doesn’t talk about advantages or disadvantages or make a choice between the two options. Useful Essay. Again this will be penalised under Task Achievement. Strategies. The essay only looks at the advantages or the disadvantages. It needs to look at both sides of the question.

I would like to emphasise that you may well find questions that could fall into two different categories. That is not so important. What really matters is learning to useful sentences, look at each question and deciding what precisely it is asking you to do and essays, what possible problems it poses. This is my very simple checklist to sentences, help you decide which type of question you are looking at: 1. Does it ask me what my own opinion is about a topic? > Discussion question > Use my own opinions. 2. Does it ask me to discuss a particular proposal? > Proposal question > Discuss that proposal. 3. Does it ask me to best law school essay, decide between two different opinions or look at the advantages and disadvantages of a topic > Argument question> Discuss both sides and come to a decision. Look at useful essay these reported recent IELTS questions and pi martell, decide which type of essay you need to write: Many people have an unhealthy diet and do not take enough exercise. What do you think are the useful essay reasons for this and what can be done to essay types, encourage people to lead a more healthy lifestyle? Although countries with long average working hours are economically successful, this often has some negative social consequences.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? Some people think that paying taxes is enough to essay sentences, contribute to society. Others argue that being a citizen involves more responsibilities. Discuss. Many people argue that children should stay in school until the age of eighteen. What are the what are the types of organization advantages and disadvantages of making school compulsory until the age of 18? Many people nowadays leave their county to work abroad and take their family with them.

What are the useful essay sentences advantages and disadvantages in terms of family development? Get more essay advice in essay, your inbox. How to like it, share it and share it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and useful essay sentences, even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 46 Responses to The three different types of IELTS essay question.

I have a question about the checklist above. 1. Are The Types Of Organization Used For Compare-contrast Essays. Does it ask me to give my own opinion about useful essay sentences a topic? > Discussion question > Use my own opinions. — It seems to ielts types structure, me this is sentences a proposal question. 2. Does it ask me to discuss a particular opinion about a topic? > Proposal question > Discuss that opinion. Thanks for your highly intelligent comment.

I have rewritten that section slightly now in the hope that it is clearer. There is perhaps a slight difficulty with terminology here. I’m tying to avoid the word “opinion essay” as much as possible. This post is not so much about the write best type of essay you write, as about understanding the problems of the essay question. For me, this is a necessary first step. Useful Essay. I will in due course be looking at write best law school different types of essay. My point in distinguishing between proposal and discussion questions is useful essay this: in ielts essay types structure, the “Proposal Question”, you are “discussing” someone else’s point of view whereas in the “Discussion Question” you need to find your own solutions to a problem. For some candidates, the useful “Discussion Question” is nasty as it gives them less help with ideas. When you come to write the essay, you will of course need to give your own opinions. From that point of view it doesn’t matter what type of fifth grade math, essay question you get. Thank you for further explanations and rewriting.

Now I understood that you are telling about sentences understanding the problems of the strategies essays essay question and key points when I answer to different type of questions. I have a slightly irrelevant question. Is it okay to sentences, involve some ‘invented’ statistical data to write essay, an essay, when writing an example. For instance: It has been proved scientifically that over 40 % of people hate their jobs. thank you in sentences, advance. No problem whatsoever.

There is no lie detector test in IELTS – it is after all only a test of your English. Write. I would advise you, however, to be slightly careful not to be carried away when you do it. It certainly helps to useful sentences, keep your “data” plausible and you need to make sure that it fits in with the ielts essay essay question. In some ways it could even be seen as a “good thing” as it makes your writing more academic. Although in truth the IELTS essay is not a particularly academic piece of writing and I would generally advise you to keep your writing fairly plain and simple, as opposed to trying to useful essay, show off academically. IELTS examiners are not academics! Here are some sample phrases for you to consider: It has been demonstrated that. Research has shown that. A recent opinion poll showed that. thanks, this clarifies a lot.

hello again, Mr.Cole. There’s one thing that’s unclear to me about the proposal essay. Here’s the example. “Education should be free. To what extent do you agree or disagree? ” Should I take a firm position about only one side ( agree or disagree) and then devote the whole essay to debra satz asymmetry, proving this particular side, or should I describe both plus and minus of the statement and then say what i think in useful, the conclusion ?? My overall band score is 7.5! Partly, this is your merit as well, since I was using plenty of information from your website when trying to figure out the law school essay essay question type or developing my reading strategy. Thaks alot! I wish you further sucess. Need your help in ielts . My test is on 24 sep 2016.

4 weeks back i suddenly got the idea of attempting ielts, so i booked a slot and essay sentences, had a descent 2 weeks of time to prepare . But due to various reasons ( and most importantly laziness) the amount of time left to me for preparation got reduced to 2 days.. jus 2 days to go for fifth math word problems, IELTS and i din had any idea about it..i was going through the sample tests provided my British council but it hardly gave me any confidence… it was during that time when i accidentally came across your website.(Serendipity. )) and i was amazed.. All the useful essay information provided here were so organized and the instructions you provided were so simple but yet very effective.. i concentrated the last 2 days before my exam on your website..following all your guidelines.. ( especially the way you described the working of concluding essays, brain under pressure was cool..) and did my best at the exam.. And today i got my result..an overall band of 7.5.. Useful Essay. thanks a lot sir. ):) Thank you very much! I’ve struggled to picture the 3 types, and they are clear to me now. This is Ajay from India. I have taken IELTS 5 times till now any everytime I am getting 6.5 ..I disparately need 7 score but I am not able to pi martell essay, understand where I am loosing that much needed 0.5. Can you help me to essay sentences, understand this. Also is pi martell essay there anyway you can review my essays. I’m simply too busy yo help sorry.

It’s partly for this reason I’ve added online tutors to useful essay, the site. Write. They all look at useful sentences essays. So I suggest you contact one of them. Good luck with the 7. how could u got 6.5band in yur ielts. In advantages and disadvantages essay, can be take one side either of advantages or disadvantages in conclusion paragraph. please reply soon because my ielts test is coming soon. This will depend slightly on how the strategies essays question is worded. Always always read the question very carefully.

If the question is “Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this proposal”. Essay. I would suggest you need to mention both sides of the argument in your conclusion. This is because your conclusion should reflect your whole essay. You can of what are the types of organization used for compare-contrast essays, course also say that in your opinion the useful essay sentences advantages are greater than the disavantages and so write more about them. Another common form of debra asymmetry thesis, advantage/disadvantage essay question is “To what extent do you agree or disagree with this proposal?” Here you have 3 basic options: 1. You can agree. 2. You can disagree. 3. You can agree and disagree. In this case, you must make your position clear in the conclusion.

hello Mr cole i realy want to essay, thank you for pi martell essay, sending me this amazing email But i have one question ihave taken ielts exam thrice and on every exam 5 without any develope idont know why the useful sentences same mark. i have only 1 day for what types essays, my exam still iam confused about writing can plzzzzzzzzzzz help so dat i can get a band 7 in writing. infact while searching on net i came to know about essay sentences ur site and i really found it very helpul but still give me tips for d last minute preparation plzzzzzzzz. One day before is too late to do anything serious. the write best essay best thing you can do is relax and clear your head. It helps to have a clear strategy for each paper – particularly for essay sentences, timing. If you feel in control, you feel better and should perform better. I have recently written IELTS and was given a problem to discuss in writing. The topic was :now-a-days the natural beauty like rivers, mountains and lakes are getting damaged by garbage and waste by people. Ielts Types. Why do people do that? What do you think should be done to prevent this? I have explained it well(I guess) with an introduction paragraph followed by two paragraphs emphasizing two reasons why people doing this with one reason in each paragraph.

These two paragraphs are followed by two paragraphs explaining what should be done to useful essay sentences, prevent this with one solution in each paragraphs. I forgot to write a conclusion paragraph. Do we really need to ielts structure, give conclusion for a problem task in the end? Thank you and awaiting for sentences, your reply. Yes, i’m afraid you do.

An essay without a conclusion is not an essay types structure, essay and you will have been penalised for task response. It is not perfect but the useful essay advice is to write a sentence conclusion if you are running out of time so that at least you have something there for the examiner to look at. For me, a good conclusion does make an essay better. It is a skill worth practising. It need not be a long/complex conclusion, but if you can briefly summarise the essay and return to the introduction, it does help your task response. I have recently written IELTS and was given a problem to discuss in writing. The topic was :now-a-days the natural beauty like rivers, mountains and lakes are getting damaged by garbage and waste by people. Why do people do that? What do you think should be done to prevent this? I have explained it well(I guess) with an introduction paragraph followed by two paragraphs emphasizing two reasons why people doing this with one reason in each paragraph.

These two paragraphs are followed by two paragraphs explaining what should be done to prevent this with one solution in each paragraphs. I forgot to write a conclusion paragraph. Do we really need to give conclusion for a problem task in the end? Thank you and awaiting for your reply. Yes, sadly for you the conclusion is needed. It is an essential part of an essay. I would like to Thank you and all the fifth word Blog participants for essay sentences, clearing out many confusions for IELTS candidates. However, I have few questions where I feel myself weak. 1. How can I use a strong vocabulary in Writing Exam? Is there any list of good words which can be used instead of general words?

2. Reading Exams are lengthy, the pressure built’s more when you are on the last passage with tough vocabulary to understand and asymmetry thesis, have a general idea. What do you suggest? Please, do pray as I am appearing for IELTS tomorrow. Good luck tomorrow. Get a good night’s sleep and try to relax is my best advice.

On writing the best vocab is very often simple vocab. many candidates get this wrong and try and use over-complex words. Useful Essay. You may not believe this, but all my essays are at least band score 8.0 and mostly 9.0. Essay. Don’t be fooled that they use simple language. They are well written and essay, clearly written. Fifth Grade Math Word Problems. A key to sentences, writing is understanding that 50% of the structure score is for coherence and essay sentences, task response.

Take a look at IELTS Simon’s blog – you will find he says the same thing. On reading, yes time can be a problem. Remember some questions are just plain hard and would trick intelligent native speakers. Don’t get stuck, move on. Thank you for two primary essays, shedding some light on the types of essay that might be posed on IELTS exams and strategies on how to tackle it. Useful Essay Sentences. However, I have been led to believe that in proposal questions, especially when the questions goes ” To what extent….” I have to give caveats to the proposal rather than fully agree or disagree. And believe me there are some topics that I have very strong views about and yet my marker penalised me on TR for not stating to what extent I agree or disagree with the stated proposals even though in my essays I have written I strongly believe!! As a result I am one confused bunny and find proposal questions a nightmare!! Please help!

your blog is wonderful and does wonders in helping for the. exam. however, your essay question types is confusing, especiall proposal and argumentitive coz all of them are answerd using the same approach, i.e argumentitive type. I have got IELTS exam after 2 weeks and i need to get 7 each in any case. last time i just got 5.5 in writing could you please help me how to improve my writing in are the two primary types of organization used essays, couples of week. I am preparing for my IELTS exam scheduled on useful essay, 26th of pi martell, May and your website has helped me in understanding the expectations of this test. It has been a while since I have written any letters and essays and this worries me a lot whether I would be able to essay sentences, write material of Band score 7+. Thanks a lot for the detailed information.

I am confused about the types of writing. You mentioned the different types but not the ways to answer each of are the types of organization, them. Could you illustrate how to sentences, answer the different types please? I will give the exam about 45 days later. Do you have any recommendation about writing and other things? In August the write best essay plan to produce an essay a day – each essay illustrating a different writing skill – this should include looking at different types of essay questions. I didn’t get it. Have you answered my question. Could you mention a comprehensive resource to find out these types and the way to answer them please? Hi – the essay sentences resource I was thinking of appears not to be available on the internet and so I will need to put something together myself to help you out.

For the time being I suggest you check out writefix – this is an excellent writing site where you can find different types of essays illustrated. I aim to write best, post something on useful sentences, this in the next few days – possibly Monday. In the fifth grade word problems meantime, can I suggest that there is useful essay no one way to answer each question type ie an opinion essay is write essay ABBA , a discursive essay ABCA and so on. It is perfectly possible for instance to look at both sides of the argument in a “do you agree/disagree” type question much as you would in useful sentences, a discuss essay. It all depends on what you as a an individual think about pi martell essay that question. One person may choose to answer the question in one way and essay, another in another way. The examiner does not sit down and say “This is an opinion essay and it must be structured like this”- rather they look at whether you have answered the question as it is asked. i’m really confused Rayn’s website mention some steps which looked too easy to follow but when i read some para from the ielts book the follow another steps ( totally different ) …. i’m nt that good in English to join both of them or choose which one is the best …… SO PLEASE CAN YOU HELP ME . Pi Martell. i’m dying to get only useful sentences band 5 because my university asked for that. please reply soon #128577; i have an exam after 15 days. Thanks a lot for these very informative lessons you have done.

I would like to debra satz thesis, ask further information in writing proposals or “to what extent questions”. How many paragraphs should one write? Is it a 5 paragraph essay? No one answer to this question. It depends in what is in your head! You should be prepared to write both 4 and 5 para essays. If you have more points, it will be 5. If you have only 2 points, then a 4 para essay is fine. There are numerous essay writing directive words that a student needs to be across (e.g. Useful Essay. discuss, describe, explain, compare, contrast, etc). If you don’t clearly understand what is being asked of pi martell essay, you, then you have next to no chance of writing an excellent essay. Agreed. I would add as a personal opinion that I believe it is dangerous to focus on useful, “types of essay”.

My strong preference is to focus on the question and answer that question in a logical way. The danger of following a format for an opinion essay, for example, is that you can fail to write best, address the question by useful essay concentrating too much on ielts, a particular format. 1)Many people have an unhealthy diet and do not take enough exercise. What do you think are the essay sentences reasons for this and what can be done to encourage people to lead a more healthy lifestyle? —- My answer: Discussion type. 2) Although countries with long average working hours are economically successful, this often has some negative social consequences. To what extent do you agree or disagree? —- My answer: Proposal type. 3) Some people think that paying taxes is write essay enough to essay, contribute to society. Others argue that being a citizen involves more responsibilities.

Discuss. —- My answer: Discussion type. 4)Many people argue that children should stay in school until the age of debra satz, eighteen. What are the advantages and useful, disadvantages of making school compulsory until the essay types structure age of 18? —- My answer: Argument type. 5) Many people nowadays leave their country to work abroad and take their family with them. Sentences. What are the grade problems advantages and disadvantages in terms of family development? —- My answer: Argument type.

This is one of those lesson I’m in the process of reviewing and updating. I hope to produce a much clearer version soonish. Hi there, I enjoy rdading t?rough yo?r post. ˛ wanted to write a little cokmment tto support ?ou. In your description on essay types you have mentioned “you will be penalised under Task Achivement” but Task Achievement criterion is used in marking Task 1 , I guess. Okay – nice observational skills. TY for comment. I need to update my resources on this generally. But in truth task achievement and task response are close to interchangeable as names.

It is important to see though that task 1 does have its own criteria. it would be really helpful if you wrote other articles about useful sentences different types of essays and general structures for structure, each type. Useful Essay. I hope you would consider doing it, thank you so much for your advice on this site! […] Question type Read the IELTS question carefully and ensure that you know what you are being asked to write. It’s no use putting pen to paper until you are sure you know what type of essay you are being asked to debra, produce.

Dominic Cole expalins things very well on useful essay sentences, this page. […] […] is a proposal type question where we are asked to give our opinion about whether improving health education would have a […]

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English Phrases to Express Your Opinion in an Essay – Espresso

100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Struggling to find a great topic? Scan the lists below to find questions my students have generated to find something you want to write about. Topics are divided into: 2. Social Issues. 7. Driving and Transportation.

Remember you can adapt these general ideas to fit your own school, town, or situation. After you have chosen your topic, you can find instructions about how to develop your ideas, find a unique solution to the problem and useful essay sentences, organize your essay in How to Write Your Problem Solution Paper. How can social media bullying be prevented? What is the what are the two primary used for compare-contrast best way to useful, help someone who is depressed? What's the word best way to useful, deal with manipulative and strategies, domineering people? How can you help a friend or roommate who is making poor life choices?

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What should we do to help people get jobs? Video to satz thesis, Help You Generate a Unique Solution. How can steroid use be limited in all sports (or one in particular)? Should college athletes be paid? How can colleges better handle the useful essay combination of education, athletics, and business? Do kids train too hard in satz asymmetry, athletics at useful essay sentences, young ages? What is the best way for best law school essay a young athlete to learn a sport? (You might want to talk about a particular sport you know well). How can coaches best encourage their athletes to do their best?

Think about your local sports team. What can be done to make that team more effective? How can the useful essay fans be made to support the team more? Pick your favorite sport. How can someone best prepare themselves to be excellent at that sport? How can sports media be more effective at covering a sport you like to watch? Should the announcers be biased or not? Which games should be covered by pi martell essay, sports networks? What types of interviews and useful essay, special features make the sport more interesting to concluding essays, watch? What can be done to increase attendance at your favorite sporting event?

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How can coaching be improved in the sport you participated in during high school or your favorite professional team? How can players prevent injuries that take them out of competitive sports? What can be done about parents or coaches that push kids too much in sports? How Can Students Pay for Private College? How can college be made more affordable?

How can college students study effectively and earn better grades? How can a student avoid procrastinating? How can college students avoid the essay Freshman 15 and concluding essays, eat healthily in college? How can college students stay in shape when they aren't in sports like they were in high school? What is the useful essay best way for fifth math word problems college students to balance work, studying, classes, and useful sentences, social life? How can college students handle problems with roommates? How can college students ask parents for more money effectively? How can parents of college students let go?

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How can schools help the problem of childhood obesity? How can schools best serve special education students? How can schools allocate more money and useful essay sentences, resources for sports, fine arts, and other special programs? What should be done about misbehaving and disruptive students? What should be done to make gifted and talented education programs effective? How can we help kids who are in failing schools? How can homeschooled kids be prepared for college? What can be done to stop bullying, teasing, and word problems, violence in schools? How can we be sure that students are learning what they need to know? Is a nationalized test the answer? How should testing in schools be handled?

How can cheating in school be best handled? What should teachers and useful essay, students do to prevent cheating? Should all students be required to learn a foreign language? Should schools offer other languages like Chinese or Arabic? Should schools move to digital textbooks? Is it a good idea to give every child an iPad or laptop? How can schools adapt to changing technology? Should schools have a common core curriculum?

If so, what should it include? What does every student need to know? Would the U.S. benefit from changing to a more European-style education system? Should schools require more physical education? How can schools help develop a healthier society? How can schools attract and keep outstanding teachers? Should high schools offer a technical track for students to get job-ready rather than force everyone to take college prep courses?

Should online high school courses be offered to law school, students who want a flexible schedule? What should be done for useful essay students who get pregnant in high school? Should school uniforms or strict dress codes be used in schools? What sort of dress code is appropriate and helpful? Should teachers and administrators who are appropriately trained and pi martell, licensed be allowed to useful sentences, carry concealed weapons in schools? Should policemen be undercover in pi martell essay, classrooms? How can parents handle their child's cell phone and social media use appropriately?

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How should we encourage people to be better drivers? What changes could be made to the traffic laws that would make driving better? What should the concluding essays speed limits be? What is the best way to find the route to a place you've never been before? (GPS, Google Maps, directions from a friend?) What are the sentences worst traffic violations? How can these be prevented? Is the problems current driver's education in useful essay, your state effective? What can be done to improve it?

What is the best way to ielts essay, prevent DUI and deaths due to drunk driving? What type of problem are you most interested in solving? How to Write a Problem Solution Essay: Step-by-Step Instructions. by essay, Virginia Kearney 20. Reflective Essay Sample with Writing Tips. by Virginia Kearney 8. Satz Thesis. Problem Solving Paper Writing Steps with Sample Essays. by useful sentences, Virginia Kearney 4. Debra. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37.

100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. How do one respond to useful sentences, new challenges and adapting to a different environment, living without familiar amenities, interacting with new and different types of people and studying intensively among others. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Kashymawoh--I'm glad you've decided on a topic for your essay. You can find everything you need to know about writing it by what are the types of organization for compare-contrast essays, looking at my other articles on writing problem solution essays and writing argument essays.

If you don't see the sentences link for that, search in my profile, which you can find on the top right of the page. hi Virginia, i am writing an essay on solving unemployment issues in Nigeria, kindly assist me. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from thesis United States. Useful Essay. Hi Cassandra! After you choose your topic, be sure to look at my article about how to write a solution essay. I give all the strategies instructions you should need. Sentences. If you want help revising or with punctuation, you can find articles on those topic too. Cassandra Pines 2 months ago. I need to write a 6-7 page essay about a social movement. Ielts. I don't know how to useful sentences, start. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Pi Martell Essay. Hi, Sparsh, Your best help would be to look at my other articles about how to write problem solution essays and sentences, argument essays.

You might also like to look at my articles on Toulmin, Rogerian and best law school essay, Classical argument strategies. These articles include specific instruction on how to organize and outline your essay as well as how to argue effectively for your solution. In addition, they provide samples with commentary on why these work. Finally, you ought to look at my articles on how to write a great thesis and sentences, topic sentences. You can find these by searching for my name on Letterpile, or by fifth grade math word, looking on my profile page. Sentences. I have over concluding essays 100 articles on useful essay, writing to help you out. SPARSH AGARWAL 4 months ago. I am preparing for write essay writing section of PCAT exam.

In the writing section, there are generally problem solution essays. Useful Sentences. It is my humble request if you could provide me with a source where there are more of problem solution sample essays, so that I can prepare accordingly and practice writing on the problems mentioned above. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Problems with health can be related to disease or preventative measures like diet and exercise. Strategies Concluding. Here are some easy health-related topics: How can a person with Celiac disease best manage their diet? How can students best exercise and eat to be healthy? What are the best strategies to avoid illness? How can people avoid heart disease?

What is the best way to stay healthy if you have diabetes? i want a health related topic. like people should be concerned about useful essay their health. but what problem can i state? Stevie Glenn 7 months ago from Minneapolis. Great topics on fifth grade math, education! Good sources for essay quick education articles. Thank you for all the fifth grade math topics to write on; I would read one section thinking that I couldn't write anything only to discover a few points I had to make into useful essay sentences a quick essay.

Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Fifth Problems. Hi Colleen--I'd suggest you look at my Non-Profit Research Paper article for help.https://hubpages.com/literature/Research-Paper-on-. Essay Sentences. I have a Critical Analysis Research Writing paper due the best essay assignment is A Good for A Community: A Research Based-Solution Essay I am having the most difficult time with this. Can you help? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Essay Sentences. KyLie--That is an interesting idea. The departmental final exam for my students included a question about debra this topic. I will see if I can add some to the list. Essay. I would like some topics on the death of Harambe the gorilla. Should have a topic about animal abuse or cruelty!

Bangladesh Page 19 months ago. Here is a lot of topics to pi martell, write on. It really makes me think to write something on the topics. There are some topics here I never thought that an essay can be written! Thanks for sharing. Essay. Virginia Kearney 21 months ago from United States. Hi Zero, I don't exactly understand what you want. Fifth Math Word Problems. Perhaps you mean you want to write an essay about How to find a good job? or Solving the difficult problem of finding a good job? Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from useful sentences United States. Hi mtariqsattar--I actually have also written articles about fifth grade word how to write essays of many types.

You can search for this on essay, Hubpages or just look for the links next to my topic ideas articles. Tariq Sattar 22 months ago from Karachi. Hi there VirginiaLynne, I don't know how to start but you nailed it and structure, you seem to possess command over topics. You do justify what you have said in your profile. Anyway, I enjoyed reading your hub - it is helpful to those who are seeking to teach essay at essay, the college or university level, and those who want to writer such a genre of essay. Write Law School Essay. That is problem-solution essay. I would ask though about the tips to essay, writing an essay quickly and accurately at the same time. Strategies Essays. How should you as an essay writer achieve both ends? Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States.

Thanks for the ideas Jaime--I may think about putting some solution ideas into another article. Wow!! What a great topics. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Useful Essay. So glad Symphony Dunbar that you are using my site to get good ideas. You must be doing a good job writing those essays too! Symphony Dunbar 2 years ago. What Are The Two Primary Types Of Organization Used Essays. I love this site. I come on here, get a topic, write an sentences, essay, get an A+, just like that!

Thanks it helped so much. Maria Cuevas 2 years ago. I would really like environment issues. It is very passionate among many. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from strategies essays United States.

Hi Justin--Glad this helped you. I have a 5th grade daughter and two daughters in 7th. I used to useful, teach 6th grade myself and know that you are learning a lot about essay types writing! I really like the questions for the problem and useful sentences, solution it makes me want to improve some mistakes I made.P.S. Fifth Grade Math. I'm a 6th grader. Awesome website! I'm definitely going to use one of these topics. Helped a lot. Thanks.

How Education is solution all our problem I want to write essay this topic anyone help me. I would like a topic on counselling a teenage who thinks is having a sexually transmitted disease or HIV. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Ashley--I will write some topics about that! Military life topics would be great! Great topics! Thank you so much. Thank you!

This was so helpful! This website is perfect! Helped me a lot, thanks! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. So glad I helped you Kaiya! I know that getting the right topic and finding some good information can really help someone overcome that writer's block that makes starting an essay so hard! This helped a ton! Anyone of these topics could easily be well written, being that there is so much information about essay sentences each topic. I seriously couldn't have thought of law school essay, any of essay, these topics, and this definitely helped my essay. There was many topics to choose from, depending on the area you are interested in. It made me think about what I really wanted to write about!

Thanks so much. :) Maria Jordan 3 years ago from fifth word problems Jeffersonville PA. A meaty and worthwhile list of subjects for anyone to pursue. most thought provoking and interesting topics. Useful Sentences. Excellent job. Debra Satz Thesis. Voted UP and essay sentences, UAI. Hugs, Maria. This HELPED a lot! Thanks! Pamela Oglesby 4 years ago from United States.

You really thought of so many valid topic that are all worthy of discussion. Anyone of pi martell, this topic could easily be written about and really there are so many problems, it is a bit overwhelming, but then we must start somewhere. This is a great idea for a hub and no one should have to have writer's block anymore. Voted up and useful. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and essay, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of ielts structure, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on sentences, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and best law school, others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and sentences, respective owners.

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Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of Leadership as many have tried to define it. The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by sentences the magnitude of the number of research articles available on the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to concluding essays, Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of the other in the group. Any member of the useful sentences group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. 19-20)'. Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of what types for compare-contrast moral spirit and useful essay sentences responsibility in the leader, which is led to unifying the efforts of the employees in order to achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16).

Leadership can be explained as the ability of an essays individual to have power that focuses on how to establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is essay a process used to motivate and to influence others to work hard in order to realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and ielts types organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to sentences, influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of Leadership, one being the strategies essays traits that the essay leaders elicit and other happens to be the organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by the group or the organisation. However, it is important to understand that situations and contexts vary in varied organisations and one kind of leadership may not work effectively in pi martell essay, all the situations. Hence, it is important for organisations and the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to accommodate the same in their style of Leadership. Before we delve deeper into the relationship of useful essay Subordinate Performance and Leadership Styles, it is important to understand the different kinds of Leadership styles.

One of the early work done by Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of researchers identified three types of Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and Laissez 'fair. Most of the researches have been focussed of the first two styles since the third style is considered as lack of write law school essay any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only when the subordinates are motivated and knowledgeable at the given tasks. With the context in sentences, place of an Indian manufacturing company where the workmen are more or less at the mercy of their supervisors in decision making the study takes only the former styles of leadership to assess the relationship of productivity and debra leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Useful Essay Sentences? Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and self-aggrandizing' (Choi).

He was extremely focused on his personal control, insisting that the 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to grade, him and became angry and frustrated with mistakes. He did not trust others, particularly the essay sentences generals who reported to him during the Second World War. Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of others, resorting to are the two primary used, his instincts and opinions (Geoffrey). This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership.

Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and not the subordinates satisfaction or well being. ' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at sentences, the psychological perspectives of the above mentioned style of ielts essay structure leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on Abasement, Aggression and Achievement. However they score low on Intraception, Nurturance and Social Values. With respect to the organisational perspective, it is imperative to essay sentences, understand that there is no certain answer to which leadership style will produce the best results in an organisation. It largely depends on the organisational culture and the kind of math task at hand for the leader. For example, in a war, the leaders are required to essay sentences, make quick decisions and don't have all the essay types time for a democratic process, which puts forward the argument that has been made above. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by more accurate decision making when the leader has good subject expertise and can improve the productivity, however only useful sentences when the leader is essay around.

It is also suitable in situations where the workforce is new and untrained or where economies of scale is sentences being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to be followed in decision making. This style of leadership though most common has started to lose its shine in the present context over pi martell, the democratic form of leadership. Useful Essay? However, many still have bat in favour of this kind of fifth grade math word leadership citing that it is the context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and not the absolute style per se. 2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the useful essay sentences classic formulation of democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960). They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and criticism, and a degree of write best comradeship. By contrast, leaders using the useful essay other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Unfortunately. Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Despite this lack of conceptual precision, Lewin and others have identified the pi martell central element of the term: democratic leadership is behaviour that influences people in a manner consistent with and/or conducive to basic democratic principles and processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the subordinates ' According to useful essay sentences, Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to evoke maximum involvement and the participation of every member in the group activities and in debra, the determination of objectives.

In organisational settings it is imperative for sentences leaders to ielts essay structure, delegate tasks and decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of future leaders for the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to avoid the essay free riding issues, democratic leader should not only ask subordinates to essay types, take on responsibility, rather be demanding in reminding them of their collective responsibilities. ' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935). Members' abilities may develop through taking on new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to essay sentences, do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by becoming 'role models' to change novices from 'followers' to pi martell essay, leaders (Baker, 1982, p. 325).

This has particularly significant implication since shortage of talent pool is an important concern for organisations in the today's era. The organisations are looking at drawing leaders from the available talent pool from within the organisation first and then resorting to lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in sentences, turn can create leaders are thriving in the cut throat competition and narrowed margins. ' Aiding the are the two primary of organization used for compare-contrast subordinates in their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the sentences relationship to the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and fifth grade math problems empower other group members, but they must devote the bulk of their time and energy to useful essay, ensuring productive and democratic decision making. Types? Democratic leadership aids the useful essay sentences deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and the maintenance of healthy relationships and a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in mind that the style of leadership cannot by any means be categorized as the better of the fifth grade math word problems two leadership styles i.e. Autocratic and useful essay Democratic. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on democracy and democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of leadership for at least four reasons.

First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Moving toward democracy would strip them of write essay some of their status, power, and, in some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). Second, some people have authoritarian values and are not easily swayed from a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935). Third, most people have, to some degree, an useful essay unconscious or conscious desire for a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of pi martell essay democratic leadership for the opposite reason, having no faith whatsoever in leaders of any kind and no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935)

However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of promising trends in useful essay, the 1970s and pi martell early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of shared power and responsibility are increasing; there is a greater degree of collaboration and communication; and people have an increasing awareness of the need for essay organizational openness and flexibility. With the baby boomers towards the end of the tenure and entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and accountabilities, into essay the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the essay sentences present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the above discussion that there is contextual effect to fifth word, which kind of essay leadership style will suit a given situation and will be effective. It depends on many factors all of two primary of organization used which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for decision making for the leader, the task itself, the capabilities of the subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to understand Global and Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is a reason for useful sentences organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at arriving at a definition of Productivity. With so much available on the term today with each organisation defining productivity in are the two primary types for compare-contrast essays, its own way it becomes really important to have a clear understanding of the useful sentences definition and factors involved in essay, the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of essay sentences innovation and types structure competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and essay development, exports, and productivity growth.

But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and ielts challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on old responses in the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the volatility and uncertainty in essay, the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to progress. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the ielts essay types structure next decade and essay half will see the entry of approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to pi martell essay, worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion. Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the share of developing economies will rise which will enhance the living standards of the useful sentences residents. Ielts Essay Types? The GDP share of manufacturing in the Indian economy is poised to grow from 16% to sentences, 25% by 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Are The Two Primary Types Of Organization Essays? Globally the useful essay sentences manufacturing output is growing at about 2.7% annually in developed economies in contrast to 7.4% in the developed economies (2002-2007).

When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at 20 to 35 percent of GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. The reason is that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of growth and employment. The focus then shifts from mere output to the efficiency, utilization of resources and cost aspect of production which the impacts the hiring plans for the industry as well. Essays? For example manufacturing share of US employment declined from 25% in 1950 to about 9% in 2008. The figure below depicts how the share of manufacturing follows the inverted U shape as the economy matures. However, the situation in developing economies is far from the above mentioned point and useful essay sentences can be safely assumed that the outlook of manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the rest of the what of organization for compare-contrast economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down.

Concerns regarding the stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and the slowdown in key emerging economies have affected the Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. The manufacturing sector has been moving at essay, a slower pace than the overall economy for fifth word problems some time now. As a result, the sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from 16.1 to 15.2% in essay, the five years till March 2013. Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from 9.7% in 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and essay 1% in 2012-13. Essay Sentences? In FY13, only 3.3% of the country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to 83% contributed by services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by PWC indicates that the India, China and types used for compare-contrast essays the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the world in regards to sentences, the growth of manufacturing industry. However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of pi martell domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and useful the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the globe. The outlook for the manufacturing companies has not been great in the last half a decade and debra satz asymmetry the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. Along with that the increase in competition and consequently its impact on pricing strategies of the essay sentences organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs.

With the enhancement in technology and e ' commerce becoming more and more prevalent the customers have a wider range of options to choose from and with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to capture and sustain customer base. Mobile phone industry is are the two primary types of organization used for compare-contrast essays a perfect example of the same. With the useful essay foray of low cost manufacturers like Micromax and Karbonn in the mobile industry, the pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to remain competitive with their pricing grows. No player in the industry can boast of being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the globe i.e. to monitor their costs and improve their output for the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at the back of the mind of the manufacturing community.

The culmination of cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at the same input resources and various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to pi martell essay, define in the manufacturing setup in the Indian context. Productivity has normally been defined as the ratio of output available at disposal of the organisation to the input resources that is expended. Productivity is the relationship between the quantity of output and the quantity of input used to generate that output. Useful Essay? It is basically a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of your organisation in generating output with the resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in the determination of productivity. Fifth Grade Math? Output can be measured in either physical quantity like number of units produced or in financial value like revenue, value added etc.

The input can be measured in human resources (number of hours worked, number of labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc. The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the organisation and the industry it operates in. At the operational level the commonly used metrics of productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of useful sentences OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures. In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and allied and their productivity is being measured on an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc.

This gives the organisation required control over the processes and more specifically the operations managers to have a closer look at the gaps in the system and what two primary types of organization used essays take short interval controls. For the purpose of the study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a way to monitor and improve the efficiency of a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for useful essay sentences equipment operation. For a plant which is in continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the strategies premise that the month consists of 30 days. Essay? For e.g. Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the furnace cannot be shut down for any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the thesis temperature that is essay required for the processing. However the same is not true for many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in types structure, the operations. From the Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to useful sentences, arrive at concluding essays, Planned Production time.

Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of demand of the useful essay sentences product, strike, lockout and many others. Planned Production time is structure where OEE initiates since the other mentioned items are majorly out of the control of the unit manager. From the Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the process in a manufacturing operation. The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3. The table below shows the three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the final output that organisations want and sentences try to increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of Operating Time to Planned Production Time (Operating Time is Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss)

Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). It is debra satz asymmetry also calculated as the ratio of Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of Fully Productive Time to Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). This is also calculated as the ratio Quality Production to Total Production. OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the useful essay sentences factors are at 80%, the OEE would be 51.2%.

This illustration clearly shows that in individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is considered a good number) while when combined together in the form of OEE, the performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is debra asymmetry thesis 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is 90%, Performance is useful sentences 95% and Quality is 99.9% thus making OEE to close to 85%. OEE is an effective tool to benchmark, analyse, and improve the production process. The OEE tool gives the managers the ability to measure machines for productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in analysing the machine and get a clear picture of the entire manufacturing process. A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and poor product quality. It's a complete manager's tool to assess and reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of it and take corrective actions in order to improve productivity and help the organisation remain sustainable in the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity. It is one of the popularly used metric for best law school assessing the productivity of a plant in a manufacturing company.

Technically, it is calculated as the ratio of Production in useful, units to the number of labour deployed for the achievement of the output. There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the satz asymmetry thesis same however the denominator may vary as number of labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Man-hours deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of useful Output in Units / Wages for the number of labour deployed for the same output. With different versions available at write law school essay, perusal, different companies use any or a combination of labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of essay sentences plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an eye on strategies concluding essays the detailed performance of sentences subsystems of the entire system and plan accordingly. Having defined all the ielts essay types structure elements of the relationship which the study aims at useful sentences, establishing, it becomes imperative to look at what the satz asymmetry earlier researches have established between the illustrated variables.

2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is one of the useful essay sentences key factors which impacts the performance of the frontline employees in structure, the organisation. Quite some research has been done on useful essay the performance and best essay leadership and the inter-linkages between the two. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is associated with the quality of work of subordinates in service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998). Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the useful essay sentences level of what are the types used essays discretionary behaviour of these subordinates (e.g. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996). In a field experiment, Lam and essay Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the positive attitudes of fifth math problems bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of service. MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of frontline salespeople.

Not only does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality. However, specific relationship between productivity measures of workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the useful essay blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is trying to aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the importance of leadership and its effect on the performance of employees. Sauer's study explained the importance of concluding leadership behaviour and how the leader's performance style will affect the organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the effect of leadership and a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on the administration and its effectiveness. According to a research done of 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by Harry et al., the leadership style of the supervisor plays a dominant role in producing better service quality, which is the output in this case, when the work environment and organisation culture are not conducive for better efficiency. The leadership style used for the study were task oriented, people oriented and ethically oriented. However, in sentences, organisations where the essay work culture is good, leadership fails to make an impact. An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in creating the kind of environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968).

Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to essay, gauge the importance of leadership. The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is a clear indication that each factor present in a positive way nullifies the negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to examine the relative contribution of service climate and effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and concluding the interaction effect of these two independent variables on useful essay the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of 161 pairs of supervisor-subordinate pair in 24 companies of Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and positively to innovation for fifth grade math problems subordinates low in organization-based self-esteem. When subordinates were low in self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance. This research again testifies the sentences fact that leadership is a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. This research also has interpretation on psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of employees may want different kind of write best essay leadership to be effective and useful essay sentences efficient in their task performance.

This adds another dimension to the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of instructional departments from randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to achieve the desired task goals. Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is connected to performance excellence. Another research in the same area by Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to be supportive of risk taking fosters innovation and the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from debra satz, carrying out essay innovative work in their task area or otherwise. The survey of debra 170 employees in a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to employee innovation in sentences, a supportive and debra thesis respectful manner, they feel stimulated to use their influence to persuade their subordinates and other actors to support the development and realization of their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and essay sentences follower (Subordinate) and ielts essay types was initially conceptualized by essay sentences Graen and colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and ielts types Cashman, 1975). According to LMX theory the leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement. The managers should be able to understand these aspects of leadership since they have a significant impact on the employee behaviours and useful essay consequently productivity and performance. However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is also a characteristic of culture of the country which he defined as power distance.

A research on grade math 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by useful supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by concluding Shahabuddin et al. on useful sentences 80 employees working with IT in real estate and strategies essays housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in job satisfaction of the employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and performance on the job. Essay Sentences? It was found that supervisors who engaged in pi martell essay, positive motivational behaviours tend to essay sentences, have more satisfied subordinates and better performance from what types for compare-contrast essays, their group members. Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001). This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on subordinates deliver more productive work when the essay sentences leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the respect and fair treatment they deserve, then this is essay types seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in will affect the functioning of the essay sentences organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002).

Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to debra thesis, job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in order to improve it. Essay? Leadership style affects a range of factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and essay Silverthorne, 2005) and so contribute to organisational success (Rad and Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and 110 managers could not refute the useful possibility of a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of managers. However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by another study conducted on what two primary of organization used 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Useful? Few key findings of the exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of power is not easy for managers.

' Excessive altruism in business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of human resources in terms of their 'Productivity' and strategies concluding essays 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and countries show a definite correlation between leadership and performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and private sectors as well. However, the studies need to essay sentences, be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to play in debra asymmetry, the manufacturing setups since they are the useful essay sentences ones responsible for generating the primary product of the what are the types for compare-contrast essays company.

Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to be taken care of their supervisors if they have to extract the essay maximum productivity out of them. The productivity and leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite write best law school essay, from those reported by Lippitt and White (1943) and Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in an American setting. Useful? This can be the output of the kind of culture the sample was exposed to in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and authority right from the beginning of their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Another study by Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in word, decision making in presence of useful sentences authoritarian leadership than they did to democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to both authoritarian and democratic leadership.

The studies in general have shown positive results in what are the two primary types of organization used, presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in it rather to task orientation. Hence, participative, transformational and democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for useful sentences job satisfaction and engagement of employees which in turn leads to ielts essay types, higher productivity and better performance. A study by Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of 4 females each in the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the useful essay supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an pi martell essay insignificant increase in sentences, verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and an increase of ielts essay borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in case of essay close supervision. When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression. This kind of situation won't be favourable for the business when every organisation is vying for enhanced productivity and cohesiveness in group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the fact that there is a relationship between leadership style and pi martell essay productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of leadership for useful sentences higher productivity of workmen in a manufacturing industry. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in one way or the other.

As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to essay, improve productivity all of essay sentences which in some way or the other lead to added responsibilities for the workmen and more say in the technical decision making of the plant. Organisations have realised that for growth to be sustainable it has to ielts, be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach. However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is predominantly authoritarian it remains to be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to essay, your essay question. Thesis? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by useful essay a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

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